Heath Erica sessiliflora

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
white bottlebrush heath


The plant known as Erica sessiliflora, often referred to as Heath, showcases a distinct appearance defined by its fine needle-like leaves that form dense clusters. These small leaves cling closely to the branches, creating a textured, bushy appearance. The plant is typically recognized for its floral display, which consists of numerous bell-shaped flowers that dangle from the stems. The blooms exhibit a palette of colors ranging from white to various shades of pink and sometimes even a reddish hue. The flowers are small and gathered in tight clusters, adding to the ornamental appeal of the plant. Additionally, the presence of slender stems that spread outwards gives it an intricate and delicate visual structure. The overall form of the Heath is aesthetically pleasing, with a natural grace that makes it a favored choice in many gardens. The lack of mention of the plant's size should not be mistaken for it lacking presence; Heaths are often appreciated for their cumulative visual impact in a landscape.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Flax Heath

    • Common names

      Erica hispidula, Erica impressa, Erica jasminiflora, Erica verticillata.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Erica sessiliflora, commonly known as Heath, is not typically known for its toxicity to humans. There is little to no information available that indicates this plant poses a significant threat if ingested in small quantities. However, it is always advisable to be cautious as individual sensitivity to plants can vary, and consuming parts of any non-edible plant can potentially cause adverse reactions.

    • To pets

      Heath is not generally recognized as a toxic plant to pets. There are no widely known or well-documented symptoms of poisoning in pets such as dogs or cats from ingestion of this plant. Nonetheless, as with humans, it is prudent to prevent pets from ingesting plants that are not specifically intended for consumption to avoid any possible gastrointestinal discomfort or individual allergic reactions.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2 feet [0.6 meters]

    • Spread

      2 feet [0.6 meters]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      South Africa


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Erica sessiliflora, commonly known as Cape Heath, offers ornamental value due to its attractive flowers and evergreen foliage, enhancing the visual appeal of gardens and landscapes.
    • Habitat Support: Cape Heath provides natural habitat and shelter for various wildlife species, especially beneficial insects and bird populations that contribute to biodiversity.
    • Low Maintenance: Cape Heath plants are known for being hardy and require minimal upkeep once established, making them an excellent choice for gardeners seeking low-maintenance landscaping options.
    • Drought Tolerance: Adapted to survive in dry conditions, Cape Heath is suitable for xeriscaping and can thrive without frequent watering, conserving water resources.
    • Erosion Control: The root system of Cape Heath helps to stabilize soil, preventing erosion, particularly in sloped and vulnerable areas of the garden or landscape.
    • Year-Round Interest: With evergreen foliage and the potential to flower at various times of the year, Cape Heath ensures year-round interest and color in the garden.
    • Pollinator Friendly: The flowers of Cape Heath are attractive to pollinators such as bees, which are crucial for the pollination of many other plant species.
    • Versatility in Landscaping: Cape Heath can be used in various landscaping designs, including rockeries, borders, and as ground cover, due to its adaptability and compact growth habit.
    • Cultural Significance: In its native range, Cape Heath holds cultural importance and may be used in traditional gardening practices, symbolizing local heritage and nature conservation.
    • Education and Research: Being a native species, Erica sessiliflora can be used for educational purposes and botanical research to study the ecology of heathlands and the conservation of native flora.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Floral Arrangements: Erica sessiliflora, commonly known as Cape Heath, is used in floral arrangements for its delicate flowers and ability to add texture and depth to bouquets.
    • Ornamental Gardening: Given its attractive foliage and small flowers, Cape Heath can be planted for ornamental purposes in gardens, adding color throughout the year.
    • Erosion Control: The dense root system of Cape Heath can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes or in areas with loose soil.
    • Perfumery: Though not a common use, the flowers of Cape Heath can sometimes be used in the production of perfumes for their subtle fragrance.
    • Natural Dyes: In some traditional practices, parts of the plant might be used to extract natural dyes for coloring fabrics or crafts.
    • Habitat Creation: Planting Cape Heath can provide habitat and shelter for local fauna, including insects and small birds.
    • Educational Use: Cape Heath can be used in educational settings like botanical gardens to teach about plant diversity and South African flora.
    • Photography Subjects: With their unique shape and colors, these plants can be excellent subjects for botanical photography and art.
    • Thematic Gardens: Cape Heath can be incorporated into thematic garden designs, such as a Mediterranean or fairy garden, due to their whimsical appearance.
    • Beekeeping: Since Cape Heath flowers produce nectar, they can be beneficial to beekeepers by providing a food source for bees.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Erica sessiliflora is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Erica sessiliflora is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Endurance: Erica sessiliflora, commonly known as Heath, symbolizes endurance due to its hardy nature and ability to thrive in challenging environments.
    • Solitude: Heath often grows in isolated patches, representing solitude and the beauty of self-reliance.
    • Protection: Due to its dense growth, the Heath plant is often associated with protection and shelter for various forms of wildlife.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Cape Heath should be watered regularly during its growing season, ensuring the soil remains moist but not waterlogged. Typically, this means watering the plant with approximately 1 gallon of water per week, depending on climate conditions. Reduce the frequency to every other week when the plant is not actively growing, particularly during the winter. It's essential to use a well-draining soil mix to prevent root rot. Water the plant slowly at the base to ensure deep soil penetration and to avoid wetting the foliage, which can lead to fungal diseases.

  • sunLight

    Cape Heath prefers bright, indirect light with some direct morning sunlight. It thrives in a spot that receives at least four to six hours of filtered light daily. Avoid placing it in harsh, direct afternoon sun, which can scorch the delicate foliage and blooms. An east-facing window or a position that provides light shade in the afternoon is ideal for this plant.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Cape Heath does best in temperatures ranging from 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It can survive minimal low temperatures down to about 50 degrees Fahrenheit but will suffer if exposed to temperatures below that. To encourage flowering, a slightly cooler period during the winter months around 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit is beneficial for Cape Heath.

  • scissorsPruning

    Cape Heath should be pruned to maintain shape, encourage bushy growth, and remove any dead or diseased stems. Pruning is best done after the plant has finished flowering, typically in late spring or early summer. It's sufficient to prune it lightly once a year during this time. Always use clean, sharp pruning tools to make precise cuts.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Cape Heath needs acidic, well-draining soil with a pH between 4.5 to 5.5. A mix containing peat moss, sand, and pine bark is ideal to provide the necessary conditions.

  • plantRepotting

    Cape Heath should be repotted every two to three years, or when the plant becomes root-bound, to ensure healthy growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Cape Heath prefers moderate to high humidity levels, around 50-60%, but can tolerate lower humidity if necessary.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide bright light, cool temps, and keep the soil moist for Cape Heath.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade with acidic soil, and protect from hot afternoon sun for Cape Heath.

    • Hardiness zone

      Cape Heath is suitable for 7-9 USDA.

  • circleLife cycle

    Erica sessiliflora, commonly known as Heath, begins its life cycle when seeds germinate, typically requiring well-drained, acidic soil and often a fire- or smoke-based cue to break dormancy. Seedlings develop into juvenile plants, where they establish a deep root system and a woody base, with needle-like leaves to resist drought. As they mature, the plant enters the flowering stage, producing clusters of small, tubular flowers ranging in color, which are pollinated by insects or birds. After pollination, flowers develop into capsules containing numerous small seeds that are dispersed by wind or animal activity. Heath plants can also spread vegetatively through layering, where branches touching the ground take root and form new plants. The plant then goes through a period of senescence before eventually dying, completing its lifecycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • Propogation: The most popular method of propagation for Erica sessiliflora, commonly known as the heath, is by cuttings. This typically involves taking semi-ripe cuttings from the plant during late summer. To do this, choose healthy, non-flowering stems and cut lengths of about 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters). The lower leaves of the cuttings are then removed, and the base is dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root growth. Next, the cuttings are inserted into a pot filled with a mixture of sand and peat or a fine cutting compost. Providing bottom heat of about 68°F (20°C) can facilitate rooting. The pot should be kept in bright, indirect light and the compost should remain moist but not waterlogged. Roots usually develop within a few weeks, after which the new plants can be gradually acclimatized to outside conditions.