Alpine Pink Dianthus alpinus

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
alpine pink


Dianthus alpinus, commonly known as the alpine pink, is a charming and attractive herbaceous perennial that boasts an array of striking features. These captivating plants display dense tufts of slender, glaucous green leaves that serve as a backdrop for their standout feature: the flowers. The blooms of the alpine pink are truly delightful, typically emerging in the late spring to early summer months. The flowers, which exude a spicy fragrance reminiscent of cloves, consist of five petals. These petals are a vivid pink or purple hue, often adorned with a distinctive pattern of darker or lighter spots and streaks which lead the eye toward the flower's center. The petals exhibit delicate fringed edges that add to the flower's intricate texture and visual appeal. At the heart of the bloom, one can find a tight cluster of contrasting stamens that are surrounded by the petals' ruffled edges. Together, the petals form a near-perfect circular shape that radiates with vibrant color and vigorous vitality. The alpine pink's flowers are held aloft on sturdy yet slender stems which are firmly rooted in the green foliage base, giving prominence to each individual flower and adding to the plant's overall ornamental value. As a collective display, the clusters of alpine pink flowers create a dense mound of color, resulting in a striking and eye-catching floral show. Even without details of the plant's specific measurements, its appearance is sufficient to make it a favorite in rock gardens and alpine collections, where its delightful flowers can be appreciated up close.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Alpine Pink

    • Common names

      Dianthus alpinus

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Alpine pink (Dianthus alpinus) is not commonly listed as a toxic plant to humans. There is limited information on its potential toxicity; however, it is generally considered non-toxic and doesn’t commonly cause harm upon ingestion. As with any plant, individual allergies or sensitivities could arise, and it's always wise to avoid eating plants not clearly identified as safe to eat.

    • To pets

      Alpine pink (Dianthus alpinus) is not widely known to be toxic to pets either. It is not typically listed among plants that are harmful to dogs, cats, or other domestic animals. However, as with all plants, it should be noted that some pets may have individual sensitivities or allergic reactions. Monitoring for signs of gastrointestinal upset, such as vomiting or diarrhea, is a good precaution if a pet has ingested any plant material they are not accustomed to.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      0.5 feet (15 cm)

    • Spread

      0.5 feet (15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental value: Dianthus alpinus, also known as Alpine Pink, is admired for its beautiful, vibrant flowers that can add aesthetic appeal to gardens and landscapes.
    • Drought resistance: Alpine Pink is well-suited to dry conditions, making it a good choice for xeriscaping and low-water gardens.
    • Cold tolerance: It has good cold tolerance, allowing it to thrive in alpine and subalpine regions where temperatures can be low.
    • Pollinator attraction: The flowers of Dianthus alpinus attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Low maintenance: Alpine Pink is known for being easy to care for, requiring minimal maintenance once established.
    • Soil adaptability: It can grow in a variety of soil types, although it prefers well-drained, alkaline soils.
    • Compact size: Its small size makes it suitable for rock gardens, borders, and container planting, where space may be limited.
    • Versatility: Dianthus alpinus can be used in various garden designs, including cottage gardens, perennial beds, and as ground cover.
    • Long blooming season: Alpine Pink often has a long flowering period, providing color and interest throughout the growing season.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Dianthus alpinus, known as Alpine Pink, can be used in rock gardens due to its compact growth habit, providing an attractive ground cover that adds color and texture.
    • The fragrant flowers of Alpine Pink can be used in potpourri mixtures to impart a pleasant scent to drawers, closets, or rooms.
    • Alpine Pink's petals are sometimes used in crafts, such as flower pressing, to create natural art or decorate homemade cards and bookmarks.
    • This plant can be utilized in educational settings, like school gardens, to teach students about alpine plant species and their adaptations.
    • Alpine Pink can be planted in green roofs, particularly in alpine or colder regions, where it can add biodiversity and aesthetic value.
    • The blooms of Dianthus alpinus are edible and can be used as a decorative addition to salads, desserts, and drinks for a touch of color and mild spice.
    • Gardeners use Alpine Pink as a marker plant to indicate the health of the soil; healthy flowering might suggest favorable soil conditions.
    • The dense foliage of Alpine Pink can provide microhabitats for beneficial insects, including pollinators and predatory insects that control pests.
    • Alpine Pink is sometimes included in butterfly gardens as its flowers attract butterflies and other important pollinators supporting biodiversity.
    • The plant can serve as an indicator for the onset of the seasons in temperate climate gardens as it has specific flowering times.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Alpine Pink is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Alpine Pink is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Love: Dianthus is often associated with love and affection, originating from its historic use in Greek and Roman times when the flowers were used in ceremonial crowns and decor.
    • Admiration: The vivid colors and enduring nature of Dianthus blooms symbolize admiration and deep personal sentiment, making them a common gift to show respect.
    • Boldness: With its bright colors and striking patterns, Dianthus represents boldness and the ability to stand out from the crowd.
    • Divine Favor: The name "Dianthus" stems from the Greek words 'dios' (god) and 'anthos' (flower), hinting at a connection to the divine and a symbolism of heavenly blessings.
    • Chastity: In the Victorian language of flowers, Dianthus was sometimes linked with chastity due to its clean and crisp appearance.
    • Passion: Some varieties of Dianthus have a spicy fragrance similar to cloves, which has historically been connected with passion and desire.

Every 1-2 weeks
10000 - 20000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Alpine Pink, commonly known as Dianthus alpinus, prefers to be watered when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Generally, this could mean watering once a week, but this frequency can vary depending on climate conditions and the season. When watering, do so deeply to encourage root growth, using about one gallon of water per plant each time for mature plants. During the hot summer months, you may need to water more frequently, while in winter, watering should be reduced to prevent waterlogging.

  • sunLight

    Alpine Pinks thrive best in full sunlight, where they can get at least six hours of direct sunlight every day. They perform well when placed in a spot that receives bright, unfiltered sunlight throughout most of the day. Avoiding excessively shady areas will contribute to the health and blooming potential of the plant.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Alpine Pinks are hardy in a range of temperatures and can withstand cold down to about -20 degrees Fahrenheit. They grow best at moderate temperatures, favoring conditions that stay between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Alpine Pinks may struggle in extreme heat, especially if temperatures exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • scissorsPruning

    Alpine Pinks benefit from deadheading, where faded blooms are removed to encourage further flowering and prevent self-seeding. They should be pruned lightly at the end of the blooming season to maintain their shape and promote healthy growth. Pruning can be done yearly, typically after the main bloom in late summer or early fall.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Alpine Pink (Dianthus alpinus) should be well-draining, loamy to sandy, and slightly alkaline to neutral in pH, ideally between 6.7 and 7.5. A mix consisting of one part garden soil, one part coarse sand, and one part compost or well-rotted manure would be suitable for this plant's growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Alpine Pink (Dianthus alpinus) typically doesn't require frequent repotting and can be repotted every two to three years, or once it has outgrown its current container. Repot in spring to minimize stress on the plant.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Alpine Pink (Dianthus alpinus) is a plant that prefers dry to moderate humidity levels. Being alpine in nature, it does not thrive in highly humid conditions and is thus well-suited to typical indoor humidity levels.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, cool temperatures, and good airflow for Alpine Pink.

    • Outdoor

      Place in full sun and well-draining soil; shelter from wet conditions.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-9 USDA.

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of the Alpine Pink (Dianthus alpinus) begins with seed germination, typically emerging in early spring when soil temperatures rise. After germination, seedlings establish a root system and develop into juveniles with characteristic narrow, green leaves. Upon reaching maturity, it produces stems and flowering stalks, generally during the late spring to early summer, with vibrant pink to lilac flowers that are attractive to pollinators. After pollination, flowers develop into capsules, containing numerous tiny seeds, which ripen by late summer. Seeds are dispersed by wind, water, or animals, or may fall close to the parent plant, completing the reproductive cycle. In favorable conditions, Alpine Pink may also reproduce vegetatively through shoots that root at the nodes, extending the plant's presence in its habitat.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • The most popular method of propagation for Dianthus alpinus, commonly known as Alpine Pink, is by seed. The best time to propagate Alpine Pink by seed is in spring after the risk of frost has passed or in autumn. To do so, a gardener should sow seeds shallowly, just covering them with a thin layer of soil. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged, and the seeds typically germinate in 2 to 3 weeks when kept at room temperature, which is around 70 degrees Fahrenheit (approximately 21 degrees Celsius). Once the seedlings are large enough to handle, they can be transplanted into individual pots and grown on until they are strong enough to be planted out in their final positions.