Grenadier Apple Malus domestica 'Grenadier' (C)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
apple 'Grenadier'


The 'Grenadier' apple tree is well known for its fruit-bearing properties, producing apples that are generally bright to pale green in color. Over time, as the fruit matures, some apples may acquire a soft blush or streak of red. The leaves of this tree are a classic apple green, with a somewhat glossy finish, and have a slightly serrated edge which is characteristic of many apple trees. The apples themselves tend to be round to slightly conical in shape, with a somewhat ribbed surface that is not uncommon among apple varieties. The skin of the fruit is typically smooth with a few lenticels, tiny spots that help with gas exchange, dotting the surface. When you cut into the apple, the flesh is usually white to cream in color, crisp in texture, and provides a juicy bite. Seasonally, the tree is known to blossom with flowers that are white to pale pink, which then develop into the fruit. The blossoms are quite showy and attract various pollinators. Following the flowering stage, the fruit sets and will grow until maturity, heralding the time for harvest. While I won't detail specific measurements, the 'Grenadier' apple tree shares many structural characteristics with other apple trees, including a sturdy central trunk and a branching pattern that supports the developing fruit and foliage. These branches can become laden with apples during the growing season, creating a picturesque and productive display.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Grenadier Apple

    • Common names

      Malus domestica 'Grenadier'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Apple, specifically the Malus domestica 'Grenadier' variety, is generally not toxic to humans when the fruit is consumed. However, the seeds inside the apple can be harmful if ingested in large quantities. Apple seeds contain amygdalin, a compound that can release cyanide, a toxic substance, during digestion. Eating a small number of seeds is unlikely to cause harm due to the low concentration of amygdalin, but ingestion of a significant amount of seeds could potentially lead to symptoms of cyanide poisoning. These symptoms include headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, and in severe cases, seizures, loss of consciousness, or cardiac arrest. Nonetheless, it is highly unusual for someone to ingest enough apple seeds to reach a toxic level.

    • To pets

      Apple, specifically the Malus domestica 'Grenadier' variety, is not toxic to pets when the flesh of the fruit is consumed in moderation. However, similar to humans, the seeds can be potentially harmful due to amygdalin content, which can release cyanide when digested. Ingesting a small number of seeds typically does not lead to poisoning, but if a pet were to consume a large quantity of apple seeds, it could be at risk for cyanide poisoning. Symptoms may include dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, and shock. In severe cases, ingestion may lead to hyperventilation, seizures, collapse, coma or even death. It is important to keep apple seeds away from pets to avoid any risk of toxicity.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      12-16 feet (3.6-4.9 meters)

    • Spread

      12-15 feet (3.6-4.6 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Produces apples, which are a nutritious fruit rich in vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants.
    • Can be used to create apple products like cider, juice, pies, and sauces, offering culinary versatility.
    • Provides habitat and food for wildlife, such as birds and beneficial insects.
    • Enhances garden aesthetics due to the tree's blossoming flowers and the attractive look of hanging fruit.
    • Can provide shade in garden spaces, reducing local temperatures and energy used on cooling.
    • Acts as a pollinator attractor, benefiting other plants in the garden that rely on pollination to reproduce.
    • Useful for educational purposes such as demonstrating the growth process of fruit from flower to harvest.
    • Can be a source of income if the fruit is sold commercially or at local markets.
    • Contributes to biodiversity when planted in orchards or gardens, which in turn can promote ecological balance.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Wood Crafting: The wood of an apple tree can be used for carving or for making small pieces of furniture, owing to its hard and durable nature.
    • Natural Dyes: Apple tree bark and leaves can be used to make natural dyes for fabrics, yielding colors ranging from yellow to brown.
    • Smoking Meat and Cheeses: Applewood is often used in smoking processes due to the sweet aroma it imparts to the food.
    • Decorative Branches: Twisted or unusually shaped branches may be used in floral arrangements or as part of decorative displays in homes.
    • Educational Use: Apple trees, including Grenadier, can be planted in schools for educational purposes, teaching children about the life cycle of plants and the importance of fruit in the diet.
    • Photography Prop: Because of its blossoms and fruit, an apple tree can serve as an excellent prop or background for outdoor portrait photography.
    • Beekeeping Attractant: Apple trees are attractive to bees, making them a beneficial plant to grow near apiaries for increased honey production.
    • Musical Instruments: Small quantities of applewood can be used in the making of certain musical instruments like recorders or woodwind instruments due to its fine grain.
    • Potash Production: The wood ashes of apple trees, Grenadier included, can be used to produce potash, which is used in fertilizer blends.
    • Pollination Support: Planting an apple tree assists in sustaining the local ecosystem and provides flowers that help support a variety of pollinating insects.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The apple tree is not specifically used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The apple tree is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Love: As an apple variety, the Malus domestica 'Grenadier' is often associated with love and temptation, stemming from biblical and mythological stories involving apples.
    • Knowledge: Apples are symbolically linked to knowledge and wisdom; in many cultures, they represent the quest for learning and enlightenment.
    • Youthfulness: Apples can signify youth and beauty, likely because of their fresh and crisp appearance, which is synonymous with vitality.
    • Fertility: The apple tree's bountiful fruit-bearing qualities make it a symbol of fertility and abundance.
    • Eternal life: In some mythologies, apples are considered to grant immortality or eternal youth, making them symbols of eternal life.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not applicable
Late winter-early spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    For an apple tree such as the Malus domestica 'Grenadier', also known as the cooking apple 'Grenadier', watering should be done deeply and less frequently to encourage strong root growth. Newly planted trees require more frequent watering, about once or twice a week, providing about 5 gallons per watering session to ensure the roots are adequately moistened. As the tree matures, reduce watering to every two to three weeks, depending on the weather conditions, with the amount increasing to 10 to 15 gallons to saturate the soil around the root zone. Avoid overwatering as apple trees are prone to root rot. It's important to adjust the watering schedule during drought conditions, providing supplemental water to maintain healthy growth.

  • sunLight

    Cooking apple 'Grenadier' trees thrive in full sunlight, which means they should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. Ideal planting spots are open, unshaded areas away from buildings or other trees that might cast shade. The more sunlight the tree receives, the better it will be for fruit production and overall health.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The cooking apple 'Grenadier' tree grows best in a temperature range between 32°F and 75°F. Although apple trees can withstand winter temperatures as low as -30°F once established, they should be protected from late spring frosts which can damage blossoms. The ideal growing conditions are cooler climates with chilly winters, as the tree requires a certain number of chilling hours to break dormancy and promote healthy flowering and fruiting in the spring.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the cooking apple 'Grenadier' tree is essential for maintaining health, promoting air circulation, and encouraging fruit production. Prune in late winter when the tree is dormant, before spring growth starts. Remove any dead or diseased branches, thin out dense areas to allow sunlight to reach the interior of the canopy, and cut back competitors to the main leader. Young trees may require more frequent pruning to establish a strong shape, while mature trees can be pruned every other year.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for an apple tree 'Grenadier' is well-draining, fertile loam with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. To prepare this mix, combine garden soil, compost, and peat moss or a soil conditioner to improve fertility and drainage—a common practice for apple tree cultivation.

  • plantRepotting

    Apple trees 'Grenadier' do not require frequent repotting as they are typically grown outdoors. Instead of repotting, they are usually transplanted from a nursery. If in a container, they may require repotting every 2 to 4 years to refresh the soil and provide space for growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Apple trees 'Grenadier' are adaptable to a wide range of humidity conditions and do not require specific humidity levels for optimal growth. They can thrive in the natural outdoor humidity in most temperate climates.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Grow apple tree 'Grenadier' indoors with ample light, in a large pot, and prune.

    • Outdoor

      Plant apple 'Grenadier' in sunny spot, well-draining soil, space for roots.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The common name for Malus domestica 'Grenadier' is the 'Grenadier' apple tree. Its life cycle begins with seed germination, provided the seeds have undergone a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. After sprouting, the seedling grows into a young tree through vegetative growth, developing a root system, stem, and leaves. In 3-5 years, the juvenile tree matures and enters the reproductive phase, flowering in spring with pollination by bees and other insects. Following pollination, fruits develop over the summer, ripening usually by late summer or early fall. Finally, when the apple tree reaches old age, which can be several decades later, it may experience reduced productivity and eventual death.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late winter-early spring

    • Malus domestica 'Grenadier' commonly known as the Grenadier apple is typically propagated by grafting, which is among the most popular methods for apple trees. Grafting involves taking a scion, which is a cutting from a mature plant with desirable characteristics such as good fruit quality or disease resistance, and joining it onto a rootstock that provides the root system for the new plant. This process is usually done during the dormant season, late winter to early spring, to give the graft the best chance of success. The scion, cut to have several buds, is matched with a similarly sized cut on the rootstock and the two are secured together using grafting tape or a similar material. It's essential that the vascular cambium layers, the plant tissue responsible for growth, of both the scion and rootstock align well to ensure proper vascular connections are established. With proper care, the graft union will heal over time, merging the two parts into a single growing tree. After successful grafting, the young tree is usually cultivated in a nursery before being planted out in its permanent location.