Azorean Blueberry Vaccinium cylindraceum

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Azores blueberry


Commonly known as the Madeira blueberry, this plant is characterized by its glossy green leaves which often take on a leathery texture. The foliage is typically oval-shaped with pointed tips and a smooth margin, appearing in a neat and dense arrangement that adds to the plant's visual charm. During its blooming season, the Madeira blueberry is adorned with bell-shaped flowers that hang delicately under the leaf canopy. These blooms are usually white or pinkish and attract a variety of pollinators, adding to the lively appearance of the plant. Following the flowers, small round berries emerge. At first, these fruits are green but ripen to a blue-black sheen, often covered with a subtle, waxy bloom. These berries are not only attractive but are also edible, adding both aesthetic and practical value to the plant’s profile. Overall, the appearance of the Madeira blueberry is lush and vibrant, with a rich interplay of greens from the foliage, complemented by the white to pink flowers and the dark blue of the ripened fruit. Its tendency to produce dense vegetation gives it a full-bodied look that is pleasing to the eye, making it a favored choice for gardens and landscapes where it can thrive.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Azorean Blueberry, Blueberry of the Azores

    • Common names

      Vaccinium padifolium, Vaccinium dasyphyllum.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant known as Madeiran Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) does not have well-documented toxicity to humans. Members of the Vaccinium genus, which includes blueberries, cranberries, and similar fruits, are generally considered safe for human consumption. However, as with any plant, individual allergies or sensitivities could cause adverse reactions in some people. If not properly identified or if parts of the plant are consumed that are not typically eaten, there could be a risk of gastrointestinal distress or other symptoms. If you suspect poisoning from any plant, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

    • To pets

      The plant known as Madeiran Blueberry (Vaccinium cylindraceum) is not commonly listed as toxic to pets. As with humans, the Vaccinium family is typically non-toxic for animals, and many pets can consume fruits like blueberries safely. However, individual animals might have sensitivities or allergies that could lead to mild gastrointestinal upset if they consume the plant. If you notice any signs of distress in your pet after ingesting this plant, such as vomiting, diarrhea, or lethargy, it is important to consult with a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 meters)

    • Spread

      3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ecosystem Support: Vaccinium cylindraceum, commonly known as Azorean blueberry, provides food and habitat for a variety of wildlife, particularly insects and birds that rely on its fruit and flowers.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers of the Azorean blueberry attract bees and other pollinators, which are essential for the pollination of many other plant species.
    • Erosion Control: The Azorean blueberry has a rooting system that can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion, particularly in hilly or mountainous regions where it is native.
    • Biodiversity: By being a part of its native ecosystem, the Azorean blueberry contributes to biodiversity, aiding in the maintenance of healthy and resilient ecosystems.
    • Aesthetic Appeal: The Azorean blueberry provides ornamental value with its delicate flowers and attractive berries, making it a popular choice for gardens and natural landscaping projects.
    • Culinary Use: The berries of Vaccinium cylindraceum are edible and can be used in a variety of culinary dishes, adding unique flavors and nutritional benefits.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Antioxidant - Contains antioxidants which may help to protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
    • Anti-inflammatory - Has potential anti-inflammatory properties which could assist in reducing inflammation in the body.
    • Antimicrobial - Possesses antimicrobial activities potentially beneficial in inhibiting or killing harmful microorganisms.
    • Cardioprotective - May offer protection against heart diseases or conditions, supporting cardiovascular health.
    • Glycemic control - Could be beneficial in helping to regulate blood sugar levels, aiding in the management of diabetes.
    • Anti-tumor - Contains compounds that have been studied for their potential to act against tumor growth.
    • Neuroprotective - Might protect nerve cells against damage, degeneration, or impairment of function.
    Please note that this information is based on scientific research and is not an endorsement of any medical use or health benefit. Always consult with a healthcare professional before using any plant for medicinal purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The berries of Vaccinium cylindraceum, commonly known as "strawberry tree," can be used to make natural dyes for textiles, providing varying shades of blue and purple depending on the mordant used.
    • As a source of nectar, the flowers of the strawberry tree are beneficial for local bee populations, supporting honey production.
    • The wood of the strawberry tree can be used in fine woodworking for inlays, small objects, or tool handles due to its dense and durable nature.
    • Leaves can be used to create a natural plant wash or infusion to deter pests from other garden plants thanks to their inherent chemical compounds.
    • The fruit can be fermented to produce a type of wine or liquor unique to regions where the strawberry tree is native.
    • Berries can be used in crafting activities, such as making beads for jewelry, due to their size and colour once dried.
    • Strawberry tree fruit, when overripe, can be composted to create rich organic matter that enhances soil quality in gardens.
    • The plant can be grown as an ornamental bush or small tree for landscape design, for its attractive foliage and edible fruits.
    • It can provide habitat and food for wildlife, such as birds and small mammals, which feast on the berries.
    • Culinary use: whilst not unusual, the berries can be added to desserts or jams to give a distinct tart flavor that differs from other, more common berries.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Blueberry is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Blueberry is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Endurance: Vaccinium cylindraceum, commonly known as the Azorean Blueberry, is native to the Azores, a group of islands characterized by challenging volcanic terrain and variable weather. The plant’s ability to thrive in such conditions symbolizes endurance and resilience.
    • Nourishment: As a blueberry species, the Azorean Blueberry signifies nourishment and sustenance, providing tasty, nutrient-rich berries that support wildlife and can be enjoyed by humans.
    • Nature's Bounty: The Azorean Blueberry represents the abundance of nature, offering plentiful fruit that symbolizes generosity and the giving nature of the earth.
    • Adaptability: This plant's capacity to adjust to various soil types and environments makes it a symbol of adaptability and versatility.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Madeiran Blueberry should be watered thoroughly, allowing the soil to become moderately dry between watering sessions. For optimal health, watering should occur once every 1 to 2 weeks with approximately 1-2 gallons of water, depending on the size of the plant and local climate conditions. It is important not to overwater, as this plant is sensitive to waterlogged roots which can cause root rot.

  • sunLight

    The Madeiran Blueberry thrives best in full sun to partial shade conditions. It should be placed in a spot where it receives at least four to six hours of direct sunlight daily for optimal growth and fruit production, though it can tolerate some light shade during the hottest part of the day.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Madeiran Blueberry prefers a temperature range of 50°F to 85°F. It can survive short periods of colder temperatures down to about 20°F, but frost can be damaging, especially to blossoms and fruit. The ideal temperature range for this plant is between 60°F and 75°F for most of the growing season.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Madeiran Blueberry is essential to maintain its shape, remove dead or diseased wood, and encourage fruit production. Prune the plant in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Thin out older stems to allow light into the center of the plant and remove any crossed or rubbing branches. Prune every year, focusing on maintaining an open, vase-like shape for the healthiest growth.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Azorean Blueberry thrives in acidic soil with a pH of 4.5 to 5.5. A mix of peat moss, pine bark, and perlite in equal parts is ideal to ensure good drainage and soil aeration.

  • plantRepotting

    Azorean Blueberry should be repotted every two to three years or when it outgrows its current container, ideally in spring when the plant is in its active growth phase.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Azorean Blueberry prefers high humidity conditions, ideally between 50% to 80% which mimics its natural humid habitat.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light and maintain high humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade with moist, well-draining soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Vaccinium cylindraceum, commonly known as Azorean blueberry, starts its life as a seed which germinates in favorable conditions of moisture and temperature. The seedling develops into a young plant with vegetative growth, producing leaves and stems. Over time, the plant matures and begins its reproductive phase, flowering to attract pollinators for sexual reproduction. After successful pollination, the flowers develop into ripe berries each containing seeds. The berries are dispersed by animals and other means, aiding in the spread of the seeds for new plant colonization. Eventually, the plant reaches the end of its lifecycle, withering and decomposing, enriching the soil for successor plants.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The Vaccinium cylindraceum, commonly known as the Azores blueberry, is typically propagated through seed sowing or by using softwood cuttings. The most popular method is using cuttings, which is usually done in the late spring to early summer. To propagate Azores blueberries from cuttings, select healthy, young stems that have several leaves but are not yet woody. Cut a section of stem about 4 to 6 inches (approximately 10 to 15 centimeters) in length, making sure to include at least two sets of leaf nodes. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone to encourage root growth and plant it in a pot filled with a mix of peat and perlite to provide good drainage and aeration. Maintain the humidity around the cutting by covering the pot with a plastic bag or placing it in a greenhouse, and keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Roots should develop within a few weeks, after which the young plants can eventually be transplanted outdoors.