Greek Yarrow Achillea ageratifolia

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
Balkan yarrow


Achillea ageratifolia, commonly known as Greek yarrow, is a perennial herb distinguished by its silvery-green foliage and small, daisy-like flowers. The leaves of this plant are narrow and elongated, resembling those of its close relatives in the yarrow family, with a somewhat woolly or felt-like texture, lending it a soft, matte appearance. These leaves form a low-growing mat over the ground. The flowers of Greek yarrow are typically white or cream-colored, each with a tight cluster of tiny, prominent floral centers surrounded by a few flat, petal-like rays giving it a classic yet delicate aesthetic. The blossoms are arranged in compact, flat-topped clusters, creating a cushion of blooms that can add a touch of classic charm to any garden setting. The overall look of the plant is one of subdued color and fine texture, making it a pleasing addition to rock gardens, borders, and as groundcover.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Greek Yarrow

    • Common names

      Achillea ambigua, Achillea ambigua var. riphaea, Achillea ambigua var. tanaitica, Achillea auriculata, Achillea borealis, Achillea clavennae, Achillea clypeolata, Achillea decolorans, Achillea eradiata, Achillea eximia, Achillea falcata, Achillea gigantea, Achillea gracilis, Achillea grandiflora, Achillea haussknechtii, Achillea kelleri, Achillea macrophylla, Achillea micrantha, Achillea millefolioides, Achillea nana, Achillea nobilis var. lanata, Achillea nobilis var. tanaitica, Achillea ochroleuca, Achillea ochroleuca var. gigantea, Achillea pannonica, Achillea roseo-alba, Achillea santolina, Achillea sipylea, Achillea subalpina, Achillea submillefolium, Achillea tomentosa, Achillea umbellata, Achillea wilhelmsii, Ptarmica clusiana, Ptarmica decolorans, Santolina decolorans.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Achillea ageratifolia, commonly known as Greek Yarrow, is not typically known to be toxic to humans. Most members of the Achillea genus are not poisonous and some are actually used in traditional herbal remedies, though they may cause allergic reactions in some individuals, particularly those with sensitivity to plants in the Asteraceae family. However, it is important to note that individual reactions can vary greatly and it is generally advised to avoid ingesting any part of a plant unless it is well-known to be edible or if you have expert knowledge. If the plant is somehow poisonous and ingested, symptoms could theoretically include stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, but specific toxicity symptoms of Greek Yarrow to humans are not widely documented.

    • To pets

      Achillea ageratifolia, or Greek Yarrow, is not typically recognized as toxic to pets such as dogs and cats. Most species in the Achillea genus have no known severe toxicity to pets, although individual animals might have allergies or sensitivities to these plants. As a general precaution, pet owners should prevent pets from consuming plants that are not part of their normal diet since ingestion might lead to mild gastrointestinal upset, like vomiting or diarrhea, due to the plant's essential oils and other constituents. If an animal does consume Greek Yarrow and shows signs of distress, it is advisable to consult with a veterinarian. Always exercise caution and keep an eye on your pet for any adverse reactions after ingestion of any plant material.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot [30 cm]

    • Spread

      1 foot [30 cm]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Attracts Pollinators: Achillea ageratifolia is known for attracting bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, which is vital for pollination and the health of the ecosystem.
    • Drought Tolerant: This plant is resistant to periods of dryness once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping and low-water gardens.
    • Low Maintenance: It requires minimal care once settled in the right soil and climate, making it ideal for gardeners seeking low-maintenance options.
    • Aesthetic Appeal: With its silvery foliage and white flowers, Achillea ageratifolia adds beauty and contrast to gardens and landscapes.
    • Ground Cover: Its mat-forming habit makes it an excellent choice for ground cover, reducing soil erosion and suppressing weeds.
    • Edible Uses: Some parts of the plant are edible and can be used in salads or as garnishes, providing a mild, peppery flavor.
    • Soil Improvement: Achillea ageratifolia can help improve soil quality by breaking up dense soil and adding organic matter as it decays.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Achillea ageratifolia may possess properties that help reduce inflammation.
    • Antispasmodic: It may be used to relieve muscle spasms and cramps.
    • Astringent: The plant can be used for its astringent properties, which can help in toning the skin and stopping bleeding.
    • Carminative: Achillea ageratifolia might have properties that facilitate the release of gas from the stomach and intestines.
    • Diaphoretic: The plant has been known to induce sweating and could be used to help reduce fevers.
    • Hemostatic: It might be used to stop bleeding by promoting blood clotting.
    • Vulnerary: Traditionally, it has been used to aid in the healing of wounds and cuts.
    Please note that while traditional usage may suggest these properties, their effectiveness and safety have not been scientifically validated, and they should not be taken as recommendation for treatment. Always consult with a healthcare provider before using any herbal products for medicinal purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Achillea ageratifolia, commonly known as Greek yarrow, can be used in companion planting to attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and hoverflies to the garden.
    • The plant's foliage can be used to create a natural green dye for fabric and yarn, yielding various shades of yellow and green depending on the mordant used.
    • Greek yarrow's dried flowers can be incorporated into potpourri mixes for a subtle fragrance and decorative appearance.
    • The plant may serve as a lawn alternative in xeriscaping gardens due to its tolerance of drought and low maintenance requirements.
    • Cut flowers of Greek yarrow can last for an extended period, making them a good choice for fresh bouquets and floral arrangements.
    • The plant can be used in the design of rock gardens, adding texture and contrast to the landscape with its silver-green foliage.
    • Greek yarrow can act as a natural soil stabilizer due to its mat-forming growth, helping prevent soil erosion on slopes and embankments.
    • The plant's essential oils can be used in aromatherapy for their calming and soothing fragrance, though it's less known compared to other aromatic herbs.
    • Greek yarrow can be planted in vegetable gardens to create a natural barrier against certain pests due to its strong scent.
    • The flowers and leaves of the plant may be used in crafting, such as for making decorative wreaths or pressed flower art.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Greek Yarrow is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Greek Yarrow is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Strength in battle: Named after the Greek hero Achilles, Achillea ageratifolia, commonly known as the Greek Yarrow, symbolizes strength in battle and the ability to heal wounds, as it was said that Achilles used it to treat his soldiers.
    • Protection: Yarrow has been historically used in various cultures for protection, and the Greek Yarrow carries this symbolic meaning as well, often employed in amulets or charms.
    • Healing: With its medicinal properties, the Greek Yarrow is a symbol of healing, both physically and emotionally, signifying the plant's use in soothing ailments.
    • Love divination: In some traditions, yarrow is believed to have powers of divination, particularly in matters of the heart, symbolizing the plant’s use in love spells and to foretell one's romantic future.
    • Endurance: The plant's ability to thrive in challenging conditions makes the Greek Yarrow a symbol of endurance and resilience, reflecting the spirit of overcoming difficulties.

Every 2-3 weeks
10000 - 20000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Greek Yarrow (Achillea ageratifolia) prefers to be watered thoroughly but infrequently. It is a drought-tolerant plant, so it's crucial to allow the soil to dry out between waterings. During the growing season, you may water the plant once every 1-2 weeks, depending on weather conditions. Each watering session should provide enough water to wet the soil to a depth of about 8-10 inches; this could be approximately 1-2 gallons for a mature plant, depending on the soil and pot size. Reduce the watering frequency during the winter months when the plant is not actively growing.

  • sunLight

    Greek Yarrow thrives in full sun conditions, where it receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. The plant performs best when placed in a location where it has clear, unfiltered access to sunlight. Avoid shady spots as inadequate light can result in leggy growth and fewer flowers.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Greek Yarrow can endure a wide range of temperatures; however, it prefers a temperate climate. It is hardy and can survive temperatures as low as 5 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 90 degrees Fahrenheit, although it thrives best between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • scissorsPruning

    Greek Yarrow should be pruned to maintain its shape, encourage more robust growth, and enhance flowering. Deadhead spent blooms throughout the flowering season to promote continuous blooms. Cut back the plant in late fall or early spring to tidy up any dead or damaged foliage and stimulate new, healthy growth. Pruning can be done every year or whenever the plant appears overgrown.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Greek Yarrow (Achillea ageratifolia) thrives in well-draining soil with a pH ranging from 6.0 to 7.5. A suitable soil mix can be made from one part garden soil, one part sand, and one part compost to ensure good drainage and fertility. Adjust the soil mix with limestone or sulfur to achieve the desired pH level.

  • plantRepotting

    Greek Yarrow does not require frequent repotting and can often be left undisturbed for several years. Repotting can be done every 3-4 years, or when you notice the plant has outgrown its current container.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Greek Yarrow prefers a relatively dry environment and is tolerant of low humidity levels. It does not require high humidity to thrive, making it well-suited to dry climates and conditions typical of temperate regions.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in sunny spot, minimal water, well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, well-drained soil, trim after flowering.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Achillea ageratifolia, also known as Greek Yarrow, starts its life cycle as a seed, which upon finding suitable conditions, germinates and develops into a seedling. The seedling grows into a rosette of basal leaves, establishing a root system and storing energy. As it matures, the plant develops a flowering stalk, and during the flowering stage, it produces compact clusters of small, white, daisy-like flowers. Following pollination, typically by insects, the flowers turn into fruits, which are small, dry, one-seeded achene. The seeds are dispersed by wind, water, or animal activity, allowing for colonization of new areas. Greek Yarrow is a perennial plant, thus after flowering, it can enter a period of dormancy during adverse conditions, only to regrow and repeat the cycle in the following growing season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to early summer

    • The Greek yarrow, or Achillea ageratifolia, is commonly propagated by division, which is often seen as the most popular method for this perennial plant. The best time for division is typically in the spring or early fall, when the plant is not in active bloom. To propagate by division, the gardener should carefully dig up the parent plant, ensuring as much of the root system is intact as possible. Then, using a sharp tool, the clump is gently separated into smaller segments, each with a portion of the root system and several shoots. These segments can be immediately replanted in well-drained soil, spaced approximately 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 centimeters) apart to allow room for growth. Regular watering after planting helps the divisions to establish, and with proper care, they will develop into strong, flowering plants by the next season.