Betony 'Hummelo' Betonica officinalis 'Hummelo'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
betony 'Hummelo'


B. 'Hummelo' is a clump-forming perennial to 60cm, with scalloped, oblong leaves and upright stems with dense, terminal spikes of purplish-pink flowers in summer and early autumn

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Common Betony, Wood Betony, Bishop's Wort, Purple Betony, Woundwort

    • Common names

      Stachys officinalis, Betonica officinalis.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Attracts pollinators: 'Hummelo' is known to attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, which are important for pollination in the garden.
    • Drought resistant: Once established, this plant has good drought tolerance, making it suitable for xeriscaping and reducing the need for water.
    • Low maintenance: It doesn't require frequent care or complicated cultivation methods, making it an ideal choice for gardeners seeking plants that require minimal upkeep.
    • Aesthetic appeal: With its striking spires of purple flowers and attractive foliage, it adds visual interest and beauty to garden beds, borders, and meadows.
    • Deer resistant: 'Hummelo' is not a preferred food source for deer, which helps to prevent damage in gardens that are susceptible to deer browsing.
    • Long blooming period: The plant has a lengthy flowering time, which means it can provide color and interest in the garden for much of the growing season.
    • Plant community enrichment: 'Hummelo' can be used in planting schemes to create diverse plant communities and support a healthy ecosystem in the garden.
    • Soil stabilization: Its root system can help to prevent soil erosion, making it a practical option for sloping gardens or areas prone to losing topsoil.
    • Easy propagation: The plant can be easily propagated by division, allowing gardeners to quickly and economically expand their plantings or share with others.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Astringent: Betonica officinalis 'Hummelo', commonly known as Stachys officinalis or betony, has been historically used for its astringent properties, which can help to tighten and tone tissues.
    • Anti-inflammatory: It is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties that may reduce inflammation.
    • Analgesic: The plant has been used to alleviate pain, functioning as an herbal analgesic.
    • Antioxidant: Betony may contain compounds with antioxidant effects, potentially combating oxidative stress.
    • Nervine: It has been used as a nervine, which may help to calm the nerves and ease tension or anxiety.
    • Diuretic: Betony has diuretic properties, which can help in the removal of excess fluids from the body.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Betonica officinalis 'Hummelo', commonly known as Stachys officinalis, can be utilised as a natural dye for fabrics, providing varying shades of yellow, gold, and green depending on the mordant used.

    • It can serve as a natural insect repellent when its leaves are crushed and rubbed onto the skin, releasing its aromatic compounds that are unappealing to many insects.

    • The plant's dense foliage provides excellent ground cover, which minimizes soil erosion by protecting the soil from the impact of raindrops and reducing water runoff.

    • As companion planting, Stachys officinalis may deter certain pests from more vulnerable plants due to its strong scent and possibly due to allelopathic properties.

    • The flowers of Stachys officinalis make a visually appealing addition to salads and can be used as a natural decoration to enhance the presentation of culinary dishes.

    • When dried, the plant can be used in potpourris to lend a subtle, pleasant aroma to indoor spaces without the use of synthetic fragrances.

    • Gardeners can use this plant as an indicator of soil conditions, as it thrives in well-drained soil and can suggest poor drainage if the plant fails to flourish.

    • Stachys officinalis can be planted to assist in establishing biodiversity, providing habitat and nectar for pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

    • The dense mat-like nature of the plant can be used to suppress weeds by outcompeting them for resources thus reducing the need for chemical herbicides.

    • Its sturdy stems and textured leaves can add structural variation to floral arrangements, both fresh and dried, offering support to more delicate flowers.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Betony is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant Betony is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Healing: Often referred to by its common name, Stachys officinalis or betony, the plant has been historically used for medicinal purposes, symbolizing physical and spiritual healing.
    • Protection: In folklore, betony was believed to have powers to ward off evil spirits, and was often planted in graveyards and around homes for its protective qualities.
    • Purification: With its use in traditional medicine to treat various ailments, betony has also come to represent the purification of the body and soul.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Early spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Stachys officinalis 'Hummelo', commonly known as betony or Hummelo betony, should be watered deeply once a week, allowing the soil to dry out somewhat between waterings. During periods of drought or extreme heat, increase watering to twice per week. Aim to provide the equivalent of 1 inch of rainfall each time you water; this roughly translates to about 0.62 gallons per square foot. Over-watering can cause root rot, so ensure that the soil is well-draining. During the winter months, when the plant is dormant, reduce watering to minimise the risk of the roots sitting in damp soil.

  • sunLight

    Hummelo betony thrives in full sunlight but can also handle partial shade. It performs best when it receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. The ideal spot for this plant is in an open area away from large trees or structures that could obstruct sunlight. Partially shaded locations are suitable, but flowering and overall plant vigor might be reduced.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Hummelo betony prefers temperatures ranging from 60°F to 75°F for optimal growth, but it is a hardy perennial that can tolerate temperatures as low as -20°F and as high as 90°F. This temperature resilience makes it well-suited to many climate zones. To ensure plant health, avoid exposing it to extremes of heat or cold for prolonged periods.

  • scissorsPruning

    Hummelo betony should be pruned to remove faded flower spikes and encourage a second bloom. Typically, pruning can be done immediately after the first flowering ends in midsummer. Additionally, cut back the entire plant in late fall or early spring to maintain a tidy appearance and promote healthy new growth. Pruning is not only for aesthetic purposes but also helps prevent disease by increasing air circulation around the plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Stachys officinalis 'Hummelo', commonly known as betony, thrives in a well-draining soil mixture composed of garden soil, compost, and sand or perlite. The best soil pH for betony ranges from neutral to slightly acidic, around 6.0 to 7.0. To ensure good nutrient content and drainage, prepare a soil mix that is rich in organic matter.

  • plantRepotting

    Betony (Stachys officinalis 'Hummelo') generally does not require frequent repotting and can thrive in the same pot for several years. Repot the plant every 2-3 years or when it has outgrown its current container to refresh the soil and provide space for growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Betony (Stachys officinalis 'Hummelo') is adaptable to a wide range of humidity levels and does well in average atmospheric humidity found in most garden environments without the need for specific humidity adjustments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place betony in bright light and well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant betony in full sun to part shade, well-drained soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Betonica officinalis 'Hummelo', commonly known as Betony or Stachys officinalis 'Hummelo', begins its life cycle as a seed which, when sown in fertile, well-drained soil in spring or autumn, will germinate in light and warmth. The seedlings develop into rosettes of foliage and, as perennials, will generate a clump of basal leaves in the first year without flowering. In the second year, Betony produces tall, erect flowering stems in summer, adorned with dense spikes of small purple-pink flowers attractive to bees and butterflies. After flowering, these stems produce seeds, completing the reproductive cycle, while the parent plant may die back in the winter, with the rootstock surviving to regrow the next spring. Regular division of the clumps every few years in spring or autumn encourages rejuvenation and prevents over-crowding. With proper care, this herbaceous perennial can persist for several years, forming gradually expanding clumps in a garden setting.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early spring

    • Betonica officinalis 'Hummelo', commonly known as Stachys 'Hummelo' or betony, is typically propagated by division, which is considered the most popular method for this perennial plant. The best time to divide Stachys 'Hummelo' is in the spring or early fall when the plant is not in active bloom. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the entire clump of Stachys 'Hummelo' and gently tease apart the roots to create new divisions, each with several shoots and a healthy portion of the root system. Replant the divisions immediately at the same depth they were growing before and water them well. This helps to maintain soil moisture around the new roots, aiding in the establishment of the divisions. Divisions should be spaced about 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 centimeters) apart to allow ample room for growth.