Blackberry Rubus fruticosus agg.

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care


R. fruticosus agg. are very vigorous, very thorny scramblers with pink or white flowers in summer followed by black berries. The dark green leaves with three leaflets can provide good autumn tints. It is a valuable plant for wildlife, providing food and shelter

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      European Blackberry, Wild Blackberry, Shrubby Blackberry, Bramble

    • Common names

      Rubus plicatus, Rubus ulmifolius, Rubus corylifolius, Rubus caesius, Rubus rhamnifolius, Rubus nemoralis, Rubus vestitus, Rubus lucidus, Rubus laciniatus, Rubus koehleri, Rubus allegheniensis, Rubus argutus, Rubus armeniacus, Rubus betulifolius, Rubus bifrons, Rubus canadensis, Rubus discolor, Rubus grabowskii, Rubus laciniatus, Rubus procerus, Rubus prunifolius, Rubus ulmifolius.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 meters)

    • Spread

      4-13 feet (1.2-4 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Nutrient-Rich Berries: The blackberry fruit is high in vitamins C and K, fiber, and antioxidants, which contribute to overall health and well-being.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Blackberry bushes provide shelter and food for various wildlife species, including birds, bees, and butterflies.
    • Erosion Control: The extensive root system of blackberry plants helps stabilize soil and control erosion.
    • Aesthetic Value: With their attractive white or pink flowers, blackberry plants can enhance the visual appeal of gardens and natural areas.
    • Food Production: Blackberries are a popular fruit for consumption, used in a variety of culinary dishes, preserves, and desserts.
    • Hedge Formation: Blackberry bushes can be used to create natural barriers or hedges, providing privacy and reducing wind speed in gardens and farms.
    • Pollinator Support: The flowers of the blackberry plant are a valuable source of nectar for pollinators, contributing to the health of the local ecosystem.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: The leaves of blackberry are traditionally used for their anti-inflammatory properties.
    • Antioxidant: Blackberry fruit is rich in vitamins and antioxidants, which are thought to combat oxidative stress and may support overall health.
    • Gastrointestinal support: The tannins present in blackberry leaves can help manage diarrhea and are used in traditional medicine for their astringent effects.
    • Antimicrobial: Some compounds in blackberry have been researched for their potential antimicrobial activity.
    • Wound healing: Blackberry leaves have been used in traditional remedies to promote wound healing.
    • Oral health: Chewing the leaves or using extracts has been a traditional practice for maintaining oral hygiene and health.
    • Vitamin C source: The high vitamin C content in blackberry fruits supports immune system function.
    Reference: The data above regarding the medical uses of blackberry (Rubus fruticosus agg.) reflects traditional usage and compounds identified in scientific research that suggest potential health benefits. However, it should not be taken as medical advice or a recommendation for treatment. Always consult a healthcare professional before using any plant for medicinal purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Dye Production: Blackberry plants can be used to make a natural dye from their fruit, which yields a deep purple or blue color, suitable for coloring fabrics and yarns.
    • Ink Making: The juice of blackberries can be mixed with vinegar to create a simple, natural ink for writing or drawing.
    • Flavoring Agent: Blackberry leaves and fruits are used to flavor liquors, teas, and desserts for their distinct, tart taste.
    • Environmental Indicator: Blackberry plants can indicate soil fertility and are often found in areas that have been disturbed but left to regenerate, revealing much about the health of an ecosystem.
    • Erosion Control: The extensive root system of blackberry bushes can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes and banks.
    • Traditional Textile Fiber: In some traditions, blackberry stems have been used to make strong natural fibers for basket weaving and crafting.
    • Animal Feed: The fruit and leaves of blackberry plants are sometimes used as feed for farm animals such as pigs and chickens.
    • Fishing Tool: Historically, blackberry thorns were used as hooks in fishing by some indigenous communities.
    • Culinary Garnish: Fresh blackberry leaves and young shoots can be used as garnish for various culinary dishes, providing a rustic appearance.
    • Children's Crafts: The flexible stems of blackberry bushes can be used by children to create simple crowns, wreaths, or other craft items.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Blackberry is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Blackberry is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Protection: Rubus fruticosus agg., commonly known as Blackberry, is often associated with protection due to its thorny brambles that can create natural barriers against negative entities or forces.
    • Healing: Blackberries have medicinal properties and have traditionally been used to treat various ailments, symbolizing healing and the restoration of health.
    • Abundance: The prolific nature of the blackberry bush, which produces a large number of berries, symbolizes abundance and fertility.
    • Growth and Expansion: The vigorous growth and ability to spread of the blackberry plant can symbolize personal growth or expansion of one's endeavors.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not needed
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The blackberry plant (Rubus fruticosus agg.) requires consistent moisture, especially when the plants are establishing and during fruit set and growth. It's best to water deeply once a week, providing about 1 to 1.5 inches of water each time, which equates to approximately 0.62 gallons per square foot per week. Avoid overhead watering to minimize the risk of fungal diseases. During dry spells, you may need to increase watering frequency. Mulching can help maintain soil moisture.

  • sunLight

    Blackberries prefer full sun to produce the best fruit crop, requiring at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. They’ll tolerate partial shade, but fruit production and quality may decrease. Plant them in a location where they can receive unfiltered sunlight for the majority of the day to ensure vigorous growth and optimal fruiting.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Blackberry plants thrive in a range of temperatures but perform best when daytime temperatures are consistently between 75°F and 85°F. They can survive winter cold down to about -20°F, but temperatures below this can damage the plants. Ideal growing temperatures for blackberries are moderate without extreme heat, as extreme prolonged heat can affect fruit quality.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning blackberries is important to improve fruit production and maintain plant health. Remove any dead or diseased canes anytime and prune back the canes that have fruited immediately after berries are harvested, as blackberries fruit on second-year canes. The best time for pruning is late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Blackberries (Rubus fruticosus agg.) thrive in well-draining, fertile soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. A soil mix of loam, compost, and peat moss works well, enriching the soil with organic matter and ensuring adequate drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Blackberries typically do not require repotting as they are grown outdoors and can spread extensively. They are commonly pruned rather than repotted to manage size and encourage fruit production.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Blackberries prefer moderate humidity levels and do not have specific humidity requirements, as they are adaptable to a range of outdoor humidity conditions.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      It's challenging to grow blackberries indoors due to space and light.

    • Outdoor

      Plant blackberries in full sun, fertile soil, and provide space for runners.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of the Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus agg.) begins with seed germination, which occurs in warm, moist soil conditions, typically in the spring. Following germination, seedlings emerge and develop into immature plants, forming a rosette of leaves in their first year, focusing energy on establishing a strong root system. In the second year, the plant enters the vegetative stage, producing canes that later become woody, and foliage growth becomes more abundant. During the reproductive stage, flowers develop in late spring or early summer, which are then pollinated by insects, leading to the formation of the blackberries by mid to late summer. After fruiting, the canes that bore fruit die back while new canes grow, ensuring the perennial nature of the plant. The plant continues this biennial cycle of vegetative growth one year and reproductive growth the next, spreading through both seed dispersal and vegetative propagation via rhizomes or tip rooting.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • Blackberry plants (Rubus fruticosus agg.) are commonly propagated through stem cuttings, a popular method because of its simplicity and effectiveness. The best time to take cuttings is in the early summer when the plant is actively growing. To do this, select healthy, young shoots and cut a 4- to 6-inch (10 to 15 cm) section of the stem that includes several leaf nodes. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and dip the cut end into rooting hormone to encourage root growth. Plant the cutting in well-draining soil, keeping it moist until roots have developed well enough to support the new growth. In time, the cutting will establish a root system and can be transplanted to its final location in the garden. This method allows for the creation of new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant.