Scarlet Turk's Cap Lily Lilium chalcedonicum (Ixb-c/d)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Chalcedonian lily


The plant known as Scarlet Turk's Cap Lily boasts a stunning visual aesthetic characterized by its fiery red, recurved flowers that resemble a Turk's cap. Each flower comprises six strongly reflexed, or backward-curling, petals that contribute to its distinctive and eye-catching form. The petals are adorned with a sprinkling of dark spots and have slightly ruffled edges, enhancing the flower's intricate appearance. The bloom structure radiates from a central point, forming a loose cluster at the top of the plant, giving it an impression of a regal crown. The foliage of the plant consists of lance-shaped, glossy green leaves that are arranged in a whorled or spiraled pattern along the sturdy, upright stems, contributing to the plant's overall lush appearance. Thriving in well-drained soil, the Scarlet Turk's Cap Lily displays a penchant for sunny to partially shaded locations where its vibrant blooms can truly stand out. The plant's striking flowers not only captivate the eyes but also attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies, adding a dynamic and interactive layer to its presence in the garden. Its visual appeal is complemented by a subtle fragrance that invites closer inspection. The plant's beauty makes it a coveted choice for ornamental gardens, offering a vivid splash of color during its blooming period in the summer months.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Chalcedonian Lily, Scarlet Turk's Cap Lily, Red Lily

    • Common names

      Lilium pyrenaicum, Lilium szovitsianum, Lilium heldreichii, Lilium ponticum, Lilium pomponium.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as the scarlet lily, has parts that are considered toxic if ingested by humans. The toxicity primarily arises from compounds like colchicine and other alkaloids present in the plant. Consuming any part of the scarlet lily can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In severe cases, ingestion can lead to dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and damage to the kidneys or liver. It is important to handle and use these plants with caution and to seek medical attention immediately if ingestion occurs.

    • To pets

      Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as the scarlet lily, is highly toxic to pets, especially to cats. All parts of the scarlet lily are poisonous if ingested by cats and can cause symptoms such as lethargy, vomiting, loss of appetite, and kidney failure, which can be fatal. It is less toxic to dogs but can still cause gastrointestinal upset if ingested. Immediate veterinary attention is crucial if a pet consumes any part of this plant, as early intervention is key to a better outcome.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2-6 feet (60-180 cm)

    • Spread

      1 foot (30 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Landscape Beauty: Adds vibrant red hues to gardens with its striking, recurved flowers, enhancing the visual appeal of landscaping.
    • Pollinator Attraction: Attracts bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, which are vital for the health of ecosystems and the pollination of many other plants.
    • Cultural Significance: Also known as the "Scarlet Martagon," this lily has historical and cultural importance in various regions, often associated with mythology and used in ceremonies.
    • Biodiversity Support: Contributes to botanical diversity, supporting a range of insects and providing habitat complexity.
    • Educational Value: Offers opportunities for botanical study and horticultural education, including plant biology, ecology, and conservation.
    • Recreational Interest: Popular among plant enthusiasts and gardeners for its unique appearance and cultivation challenges, adding recreational gardening value.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as scarlet lily, can be used as a natural dye, with its bright red to orange petals providing a source of vibrant color for fabrics and textiles.
    • The bulbs of the scarlet lily, when properly prepared, can serve as a starch-rich food source in times of food scarcity, although caution must be exercised to ensure they are safe to eat.
    • In some cultures, the scarlet lily is used in religious and ceremonial events as a symbol of passion and prosperity due to its striking color and appearance.
    • The plant's sturdy stems can be utilized in the creation of small crafts or as natural supports for other plants in a garden.
    • The scarlet lily's vibrant petals can be used in flower arrangements or as a natural confetti for celebrations and special events.
    • Scarlet lily bulbs can be used as a natural pest repellent; certain compounds within the bulbs may deter rodents or other pests when planted in a perimeter around a garden.
    • Its dried flowers can be incorporated into potpourris to add color and a light, pleasant fragrance to a room.
    • In some artistic practices, the petals of the scarlet lily are pressed and included in paper making for decorative or artistic paper products.
    • The striking appearance of the scarlet lily makes it an excellent subject for botanical illustration and photography, capturing the essence of a diverse flora in art.
    • Scarlet lily petals can be submerged in water to create a decorative and aromatic floral bath experience, often used in high-end spas for a luxurious touch.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as the Scarlet Martagon, is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Scarlet Martagon is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Passion: The fiery red color of Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as Scarlet Martagon, is often associated with intense feelings and emotions, making it a symbol of passion and love.
    • Purification: Lilies in general have been historically connected with purity and cleansing, and the Scarlet Martagon is no exception, symbolizing the desire to purify and refine.
    • Pride: Its striking appearance and stance have led the Scarlet Martagon to be viewed as a symbol of pride and confidence, representing self-assurance and dignity.
    • Renewal: As a perennial flower that returns each year, the Scarlet Martagon is seen as a symbol of rebirth and renewal, embracing the cycle of life and new beginnings.
    • Wealth and Prosperity: The rarity and distinctiveness of the Scarlet Martagon have made it a symbol of wealth and prosperity, often associated with abundance and success.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Scarlet Lily (Lilium chalcedonicum) should be watered deeply to ensure the soil is moist but not waterlogged, approximately once a week depending on the climate and the moisture level of the soil. During the active growing season, in spring and summer, water when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, using about 1 to 2 gallons of water per plant each time. In the dormant period, usually in the fall and winter, reduce watering to every other week or less, just enough to prevent the soil from completely drying out.

  • sunLight

    Scarlet Lily thrives in full sun to partial shade. The best spot for this plant is in an east or west-facing garden where it can receive at least six hours of sunlight daily. Avoid planting in areas with intense afternoon sun which may scorch the leaves.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Scarlet Lily prefers a temperate climate and does well in a range between 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They can tolerate a minimum temperature of about 50 degrees Fahrenheit and a maximum of around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal conditions for growing Scarlet Lily involve consistent temperatures within this range without exposure to frost or extreme heat.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning of the Scarlet Lily is minimal, focusing on removing dead or spent flowers and any yellowing leaves to promote healthy growth and potentially more blooms. The best time for pruning Scarlet Lilies is after blooming in late summer or early fall, cutting back any dead stalks to the base. Prune yearly to maintain plant health and appearance.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Scarlet Martagon, or Lilium chalcedonicum, thrives in a well-drained soil mix containing equal parts of loam, leaf mold, and sharp sand, with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.5 for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Scarlet Martagon should be repotted every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and accommodate bulb growth, ideally in the dormant period after foliage dies back.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    The Scarlet Martagon prefers average to high humidity levels, between 50-70%, for healthy growth and bloom development.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright, indirect light and cool temperatures for indoor Scarlet Martagon.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, protect from strong winds for outdoor Scarlet Martagon.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as Scarlet Lily, begins its life cycle when the seed germinates in moist, well-draining soil, usually in the late summer or autumn. The germination leads to the development of a bulb, which is the principal organ for storing energy and surviving winter. In spring, from the bulb, a shoot emerges above the ground and develops into a stem with narrow leaves. By early to mid-summer, the Scarlet Lily produces distinctive fiery red, turk's-cap shaped flowers atop the stem, often attracting pollinators such as bees. After pollination, the flowers produce seed capsules that eventually dry and release seeds, completing the cycle. Throughout its life, the bulb may also produce offsets, contributing to asexual reproduction and colony expansion.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The Lilium chalcedonicum, commonly known as the Scarlet Martagon, is a sought-after lily for gardens and floral arrangements. The most popular method of propagation for the Scarlet Martagon is by bulb scaling, typically carried out in late summer or early fall when the plant is dormant. To propagate by this method, gently remove the scales from the outer layers of the bulb, taking care not to damage the basal plate. Scales should be placed in a Ziploc bag with moist vermiculite or peat moss and stored at 68 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (20 to 21 degrees Celsius). In about six to eight weeks, small bulblets will form at the base of these scales. These bulblets can then be planted in a well-drained soil mix, placed about an inch (2.54 centimeters) deep, and spaced a few inches apart to allow room for growth. With the adequate warmth and moisture, these bulbs will develop roots and eventually grow into mature plants.