Fuji cherry Prunus incisa 'Mikinori'
The Prunus incisa 'Mikinori', commonly known as the Fuji cherry, is recognized for its attractive appearance. It displays a profusion of delicate, pale pink to white blossoms that emerge from pink buds, creating a striking contrast against the unfolding foliage. The leaves are initially a bronze color, transitioning to a fresh green as they mature, and finally morphing into vibrant hues of orange and red during the fall season, providing year-round visual interest. The flowers are small with a dainty, cupped shape, and typically have five petals clustered around a center filled with numerous stamens, giving a soft and fluffy appearance. As the flowers are borne on bare branches before the leaves fully unfurl, the visual effect is even more pronounced, with the blossoming boughs appearing like delicate clouds of pink. Outside of the blooming season, the plant's serrated, narrow leaves also draw attention, having a slightly glossy surface and sharp points. Although a deciduous tree, the Fuji cherry maintains its ornamental allure even after the leaves drop, owing to the intricate patterns of its bark, which can be striking in the winter landscape. The Fuji cherry presents a harmonious display of colors and textures, making it a cherished addition to gardens.
About this plant
Fuji Cherry, Mikinori Cherry.
Prunus incisa 'Mikinori'.
The Prunus incisa 'Mikinori', commonly known as the Fuji cherry, is not considered highly toxic to humans. However, as with many members of the Prunus genus, the seeds, leaves, and stems of the plant contain amygdalin, which can convert to cyanide when ingested. Consuming large quantities of these parts of the plant could potentially lead to cyanide poisoning. Symptoms of cyanide poisoning include dizziness, headaches, nausea, difficulty breathing, and it can be fatal in severe cases. It is generally the seeds that pose the greatest risk, and caution should be exercised to avoid consuming them.
The Fuji cherry (Prunus incisa 'Mikinori') can be toxic to pets if ingested, mainly due to the presence of amygdalin in the seeds, leaves, and stems. This compound can convert into cyanide in the body and potentially lead to cyanide poisoning. The symptoms of poisoning may include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, and dilated pupils. In severe cases, ingestion can cause convulsions, coma, and even death. Pets should not be allowed to chew on the branches, leaves, or seeds of the Fuji cherry to avoid the risk of poisoning.
Color of leaves
8 feet (2.44 meters)
6 feet (1.83 meters)
- General Benefits
- Ornamental Appeal: The Prunus incisa 'Mikinori', commonly known as Fuji cherry, has beautiful spring blossoms that provide aesthetic value to gardens and landscapes.
- Compact Size: This cultivar tends to be smaller and more compact, making it ideal for smaller gardens or limited spaces.
- Attracts Wildlife: The flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, supporting local ecosystems.
- Seasonal Interest: With its spring flowers and autumn foliage, the Fuji cherry offers visual interest throughout multiple seasons.
- Low Maintenance: Once established, it requires relatively low maintenance, ideal for gardeners looking for plants that do not require intensive care.
- Tolerance to Cold: It is hardy in many climates, allowing it to thrive in a range of conditions, including colder areas.
- Medical Properties
This plant is not used for medical purposes.
- Air-purifying Qualities
This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.
- Other Uses
- Fuji cherry wood can be used in woodworking or crafting projects. The wood is hard and can be used to make small decorative items or tools.
- The branches of Fuji cherry can be used in floral arrangements. They provide a delicate and aesthetically pleasing element when in bloom.
- Bonsai art utilizes miniature Fuji cherry trees, training them into small, yet beautifully proportioned shapes over years of careful pruning and care.
- Fuji cherry fruit, although not commonly eaten, can be used to make tiny batches of jams or jellies for a unique, gourmet experience.
- Fuji cherry blossoms can be used in crafts, such as pressing the flowers for bookmark creation or in resin jewelry making.
- The plant's leaves can be used in natural dying processes, providing a range of colors depending on the mordant used.
- Fuji cherry can be planted to create a habitat for wildlife, offering food and shelter for birds and beneficial insects.
- Photographers and artists may use Fuji cherry as subject matter due to its picturesque blossoms and attractive form, especially during the spring.
- Dried Fuji cherry branches and twigs can be used to create rustic wreaths, wall hangings, or other types of home decor.
- The plant can serve an educational purpose, offering a learning tool for botany and horticulture students studying ornamental cherry varieties and their care.
- Feng Shui
The Fuji cherry is not used in Feng Shui practice.
- Zodiac Sign Compitability
The Fuji cherry is not used in astrology practice.
- Plant Symbolism
- Renewal and New Beginnings: As a flowering cherry tree, Prunus incisa 'Mikinori' blooms in spring, symbolizing the end of winter and the emergence of new life.
- Beauty and Purity: Cherry blossoms are often associated with the pure and ephemeral nature of beauty, reflecting both its breathtaking appeal and transient existence.
- Impermanence: The brief blooming period of the cherry blossoms represents the Buddhist concept of impermanence, reminding us of the fleeting nature of life and the importance of living in the present.
- Fragility and the Preciousness of Life: The delicate blossoms of the Prunus incisa 'Mikinori' also symbolize the fragile and precious quality of life.
- Love and Affection: In some cultures, cherry blossoms are emblematic of love and affection, possibly due to their delightful appearance and scent.
The Fuji cherry should be watered deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between watering sessions. Generally, young trees require watering once a week, while established trees may need less frequent watering, depending on weather conditions. The amount of water needed at each watering can range from 1/2 to 1 gallon for potted specimens, to 5-10 gallons for trees planted in the ground; this will vary based on the size of the tree and the climate. Overhead watering is not recommended as it can lead to fungal diseases; instead, water at the base of the plant to keep the leaves dry. During the winter dormancy period, reduce watering to prevent waterlogging, which can damage the roots.
Fuji cherry performs best in full sun to partial shade. The ideal spot for this ornamental cherry tree would be a location where it receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. While it can tolerate some light shade, too much shade can lead to fewer flowers and a less vigorous plant. Therefore, choosing a spot with good morning sun exposure and some light afternoon shade in hotter climates can be beneficial.
Fuji cherry prefers moderate conditions and can tolerate a range from 20°F to 85°F. However, the ideal growing temperatures are between 50°F and 75°F. This cherry tree must be protected from extreme cold, as temperatures below 20°F can cause damage to the blossoms and fruit. Conversely, extended periods of heat above 85°F might stress the plant, especially in regions with high humidity.
Pruning your Fuji cherry is essential to maintain a good shape, remove any dead or diseased wood, and encourage better flowering. Prune the tree in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. It is recommended to prune annually, focusing on thinning out crowded branches to allow light and air to penetrate the canopy. After flowering, you can also deadhead spent blooms to encourage the plant to channel energy into new growth and next year's flowers.
The Fuji cherry requires a well-draining soil mix with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. An ideal soil mixture can be created by combining loamy garden soil, peat, and perlite or sand to improve drainage. Regular checking of soil pH is recommended to ensure the Fuji cherry thrives.
Fuji cherry should be repotted every 2-3 years to prevent root crowding and replenish nutrients. The best time for repotting is during late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
- Humidity & Misting
Fuji cherry prefers moderate humidity levels but is adaptable to the average outdoor environment. There is no need for specific humidity control for this plant when grown outside.
- Suitable locations
Ensure bright light, cool temps, and water when top soil dries.
Plant in well-drained soil; full sun to partial shade; sheltered spot.
- Life cycle
The Fuji cherry, known botanically as Prunus incisa 'Mikinori', begins its life cycle when a seed germinates, typically in the spring following a period of cold stratification mimicking winter dormancy. The seedling emerges and develops into a young plant, initially forming a basic root system and a shoot. Over several years, the Fuji cherry grows into a mature shrub, with extensive branching, leaves, and a more substantial root system. Annually, in early spring, it blossoms with a profusion of small, white to pale pink flowers, attractive to pollinators. Following pollination, the flowers develop into small fruits (drupes) by summertime, which then disseminate seeds for the next generation of plants. During the fall, leaves may turn vivid colors before dropping as the plant enters dormancy in winter, conserving energy for the next growth cycle in spring.
The most popular method of propagation for the Fuji cherry, Prunus incisa 'Mikinori', is through softwood cuttings. This technique is typically done in late spring to early summer when new growth is still tender and flexible. To propagate, a 4 to 6 inch (10 to 15 cm) cutting should be taken just below a leaf node, and the lower leaves should be removed to expose the stem. The cut end can then be dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root development before being placed in a well-draining soil mix. The cutting should be kept moist and under a humidity dome or plastic cover to maintain high humidity around it until roots have developed, which usually takes several weeks. Once rooted, the new plant can be gradually acclimated to less humid conditions before planting out.