Chinese enkianthus Enkianthus chinensis

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Chinese enkianthus


E. chinensis is an upright, deciduous shrub with bright green leaves that turn red and orange in autumn. Hanging clusters of bell-shaped, cream flowers with pink veins are produced in late spring

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Chinese Enkianthus, Chinese Redvein.

    • Common names

      Enkianthus quinqueflorus, Enkianthus reticulatus.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6-10 feet [1.8-3 meters]

    • Spread

      4-6 feet [1.2-1.8 meters]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Enkianthus chinensis, also known as Chinese Enkianthus, is valued for its aesthetic appeal, featuring bell-shaped flowers and vibrant fall colors.
    • Habitat Support: The plant provides habitat and food sources for a variety of wildlife, including birds and insects.
    • Drought Resistance: Once established, Chinese Enkianthus is relatively drought-tolerant, making it suitable for xeriscaping or gardens with limited water availability.
    • Soil Erosion Control: Its root system can help to stabilize the soil, thus contributing to the prevention of erosion.
    • Adaptability: Chinese Enkianthus is adaptable to a range of soil types, although it prefers well-drained, acidic soils.
    • Seasonal Interest: With a long season of interest from spring flowers to autumn foliage and sometimes interesting winter bark, it provides year-round visual appeal.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Extracts from Enkianthus chinensis have been studied for their potential anti-inflammatory effects.
    • Antioxidant activity: The plant contains compounds that exhibit antioxidant properties, which may help in preventing oxidative stress and related diseases.
    • Anti-cancer potential: Some studies suggest that certain compounds in Enkianthus chinensis might have anti-proliferative effects on cancer cells.
    • Hepatoprotective effects: There is some evidence that the plant extracts could offer protection against liver damage in certain contexts.
    • Antimicrobial properties: Components of Enkianthus chinensis may have the capacity to inhibit the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Enkianthus chinensis, commonly known as Chinese Enkianthus, has been employed in ornamental horticulture to create hybrid varieties for enhanced aesthetic qualities such as unique flower colors and shapes.
    • The wood of Chinese Enkianthus is fine-grained and has been traditionally used to make small implements and artisan crafts due to its workable nature and polishability.
    • Chinese Enkianthus is sometimes used in bonsai for its attractive foliage, especially during autumn when the leaves exhibit vibrant colors.
    • The plant's natural resistance to certain pests has been utilized in companion planting to help protect other more susceptible garden plants.
    • In some regions, the dried leaves of Chinese Enkianthus are used to create a subtly aromatic and decorative potpourri.
    • Chinese Enkianthus is also employed as a research subject in botanical studies, focusing on its unique acid soil requirements and its mechanisms of adaptation.
    • Its striking fall colors make Chinese Enkianthus a useful plant in landscape design for creating seasonal interest within a garden setting.
    • The contrasting colors and textures of Chinese Enkianthus foliage have been utilized in the art of flower arranging, particularly in Japan.
    • Chinese Enkianthus has been used in educational programs within botanical gardens and arboreta to teach about plant evolution and biodiversity.
    • Occasionally, the intricate branch patterns of Chinese Enkianthus are appreciated in winter gardens when the plant’s structure is more visible without foliage.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Enkianthus chinensis, commonly known as Chinese Enkianthus, is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant Chinese Enkianthus is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Elegance and Beauty: Enkianthus chinensis, commonly known as Chinese Enkianthus, is prized for its attractive bell-shaped flowers and elegant form, symbolizing natural beauty and grace.
    • Transitions and Change: The Chinese Enkianthus is a deciduous plant, which means that it sheds its leaves annually. This characteristic embodies the idea of change and adaptability as it transitions through the seasons.
    • Renewal and Growth: As the plant blooms anew each season, it stands for the continual renewal of nature and personal growth or new beginnings in one's life.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    For Chinese Enkianthus, it's important to maintain consistent moisture, especially during its active growth in spring and summer. Water the plant deeply once a week, providing about 1 to 1.5 gallons depending on the size of the plant and the weather conditions. During the hotter periods, you may need to water twice weekly. In the fall and winter, reduce watering to every other week or less, as the plant requires less moisture when it's not actively growing. Ensure the soil drains well to prevent root rot.

  • sunLight

    Chinese Enkianthus thrives in partial shade to full sun. The ideal location offers morning sunlight with some afternoon shade, particularly in hotter climates. This plant can also adapt to full sun in cooler regions, but it's crucial to avoid the intense afternoon sun in warmer areas to prevent leaf scorch.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Chinese Enkianthus is quite cold hardy and can tolerate temperatures as low as 0 to -10 degrees Fahrenheit. The ideal growing temperature range is between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. It may not thrive in regions where summer temperatures consistently exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune your Chinese Enkianthus primarily to maintain its shape and to remove any dead or damaged branches. The best time for pruning is in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins. This plant doesn't require heavy pruning, so only light trimming is typically necessary. Annually assessing and removing any wayward branches will keep the plant looking tidy.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    For Chinese Enkianthus, the ideal soil mix is well-draining, rich in organic matter, with a pH ranging from slightly acidic to neutral, preferably around 5.0-7.0. A mix consisting of peat, pine bark, and perlite or sand in equal parts is effective. Ensuring adequate drainage while retaining moisture is key for this plant's health.

  • plantRepotting

    Chinese Enkianthus should be repotted once every 2-3 years. This frequency helps to refresh the soil without disturbing the plant too often, as it prefers to be root-bound. Choose a slightly larger pot each time to encourage gradual growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Chinese Enkianthus thrives best in moderate to high humidity levels, ideally between 60-80%. It is important to maintain consistent humidity without letting the air become too dry, especially during winter months when indoor heating can reduce indoor humidity.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light and ensure high humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Provide partial shade and shelter from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Enkianthus chinensis, commonly known as Chinese Enkianthus, begins its life as a seed, which upon finding suitable moist soil conditions, germinates to produce a small seedling. The seedling grows through a vegetative stage, developing a root system and forming a woody stem with characteristic leaves. As the plant matures, it enters the flowering stage, typically producing bell-shaped, pink to white flowers in the spring, which are pollinated by insects. Following pollination, the plant produces fruits in the form of capsules containing numerous tiny seeds. Once mature, the capsules release the seeds, allowing for the dispersal and the potential growth of new plants. Chinese Enkianthus is a perennial plant, repeating its growth cycle annually for many years, with some individuals living decades under optimal conditions.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • Propogation: For the Chinese Enkianthus (Enkianthus chinensis), the most popular method of propagation is by seed. Seeds of Chinese Enkianthus are best sown in the fall immediately after they mature as they require a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. This process involves exposing the seeds to cold, moist conditions for several weeks or months, which can naturally occur over winter if the seeds are sown in outdoor conditions. To enhance germination, seeds may be mixed with moist sand and stored in a refrigerator for about three months at temperatures around 34-41°F (1-5°C) before sowing. After the cold stratification period, the seeds can be sown in a well-draining seed starting mix, lightly covered with soil, and kept at a temperature of about 70°F (21°C). Germination can be slow and irregular, but once seedlings emerge, they should be grown on in cooler conditions before being transplanted to their final position.