Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' (29f)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie'


Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' is adorned with a lush display of striking flowers, primarily known for their traditional pompon form. The petals are intricately arranged in a series of concentric circles, creating a dense, globular bloom. Each petal is smooth and tapers to a soft point, contributing to the overall spherical shape of the flower. The blossoms showcase a rich array of colors, typically presenting vibrant shades that can range from bright yellows to deep russets, depending on the specific variety and growing conditions. The leaves of Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' are equally appealing, with a dark green color that forms a complementary backdrop to the vivid flowers. They have a slightly serrated edge, and their surface is typically textured with a subtle, veined pattern, granting them an ornamental attractiveness in their own right. This plant exudes a tidy and compact growth habit, forming an attractive mound that cradles the bountiful flowers. Its overall appearance gives an impression of both robustness and delicacy, with the sturdy stems supporting the weight of the flower heads, and the fine details of the petal arrangement inviting close inspection. The Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' is a favorite for its extended blooming period and its ability to infuse gardens with lively color and form throughout its flowering season.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Hardy Chrysanthemum, Garden Mum, Florist's Chrysanthemum

    • Common names

      Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Chrysanthemum, commonly referred to as mums, can be toxic if ingested. The plant contains several compounds that are mildly irritating to the skin, mouth, throat, and stomach. If any part of the Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' is eaten, the person may experience symptoms such as skin rash, diarrhea, vomiting, and salivation. In rare cases or with significant ingestion, more severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing, increased heart rate, or loss of coordination could occur. If poisoning is suspected, medical attention should be sought.

    • To pets

      Chrysanthemum is also toxic to pets, especially cats and dogs. If a pet ingests any part of this plant, they may experience symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, incoordination, and dermatitis. The plant contains pyrethrins and other compounds that can be harmful to pets. In severe cases, ingestion can lead to neurological signs, including tremors and seizures. If a pet shows symptoms of poisoning after ingesting Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie', it is crucial to seek veterinary care immediately.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2-3 feet (61-91 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-61 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' offers vibrant blooms that enhance the beauty of gardens and landscapes.
    • Seasonal Interest: It provides colorful interest in the garden during late summer and autumn when many other plants have finished flowering.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Versatility: This chrysanthemum can be used in borders, container gardens, and as cut flowers for indoor arrangements.
    • Ease of Care: The plant is generally easy to care for, requiring minimal maintenance once established.
    • Drought Resistance: Once established, it can tolerate periods of low water, making it suitable for drier climates or water-wise gardens.
    • Cold Tolerance: 'Pennine Alfie' can endure cooler temperatures, making it suitable for planting in a variety of climates.
    • Long Blooming Period: Its flowers last for several weeks, providing a long period of visual enjoyment.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Chrysanthemums can be used to create a natural dye for fabrics, with different color outcomes depending on the part of the plant used.
    • When planted in gardens, Chrysanthemums provide a rich source of nectar and pollen for beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies during late summer and fall.
    • The blooms of Chrysanthemums can be pressed for decorative craft purposes, like making bookmarks, greeting cards, or in decoupage projects.
    • Dried Chrysanthemum flowers can be used in potpourri mixes to add fragrance and color to a room.
    • Chrysanthemum leaves can be steeped with other botanicals to create naturally scented bath water or in making herbal bath sachets for a relaxing experience.
    • The petals of Chrysanthemums can be used in floral confetti, a biodegradable alternative to traditional paper confetti at weddings and celebrations.
    • Ink extracted from Chrysanthemum petals can be used in artisanal penmanship or as a natural colorant for art projects.
    • Dried Chrysanthemum petals can serve as a decorative topping for candles, embedding a floral aesthetic as the candle melts.
    • Chrysanthemum flowers can be used in photography and art as a subject for still life compositions or as a natural material to explore textures and colors.
    • Planting Chrysanthemums in outdoor areas can help deter certain insect pests naturally due to their fragrance and natural pyrethrins content.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Chrysanthemum is often used in Feng Shui to bring happiness and laughter to the home, symbolizing longevity and joy. Placing chrysanthemums in the living room or main entry of the home can attract positive energy.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Chrysanthemum is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Longevity and immortality: Chrysanthemums are linked with longevity due to their hardiness and ability to withstand the first frost, symbolizing a life of enduring through hardships.
    • Loyalty and devoted love: In many cultures, chrysanthemums are given to represent commitment and steadfast love, making them popular gifts between friends and loved ones.
    • Rejuvenation and rebirth: Their blooming in the fall, a time when most flowers fade, associates them with the idea of renewal and the cyclical nature of life.
    • Nobility: In several Asian cultures, chrysanthemums are considered noble and are often associated with royalty and elegance.
    • Death and grief: In some European countries, chrysanthemums are symbolic of death and are often used in funeral arrangements or to honor those who have passed away.
    • Joy and beauty: In general, chrysanthemums can symbolize happiness and beauty, as their bright and varied blooms bring joy to gardens and homes alike.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every year
Early Spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Mums, including the variety Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie', prefer evenly moist soil, so it's crucial to water them thoroughly whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Depending on the environmental conditions, this may mean watering them once or twice a week. Use about one gallon of water per plant during each watering session, ensuring it's distributed evenly around the base of the plant to avoid wetting the foliage. During periods of high heat or drought, check the soil moisture more frequently, as mums may require additional water to prevent stress.

  • sunLight

    Mums enjoy full sun to partial shade, so Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' should be positioned where it can receive at least 5 to 6 hours of sunlight daily. The ideal spot is one that gets direct morning sunlight and partial shade during the intense afternoon heat. Avoid placing mums in deep shade as this can impede blooming and make the plants leggy.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' thrives in moderate temperatures, with ideal growing conditions between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. They can survive in temperatures as low as 32 degrees Fahrenheit but should be protected from frost. Hot temperatures above 90 degrees Fahrenheit can cause stress; therefore, they perform best when night temperatures are cool.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' to encourage bushier growth, remove spent flowers to promote further blooming, and maintain the plant's shape. Snip just above a leaf node to encourage branching. It's best to prune mums in the spring when new growth begins and again in early summer to delay flowering until the fall, which is the peak bloom period for mums.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Mums thrive in well-draining, fertile soil with a pH around 6.5. A mix of two parts garden soil, one part peat moss, and one part perlite or sand is ideal.

  • plantRepotting

    Mums should be repotted every 1-2 years, preferably in the spring, to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Mums prefer moderate humidity levels but are adaptable; aim for 40-60% relative humidity for optimal growth.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place mums in bright indirect light and avoid drafts.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun to partial shade in rich soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie' begins its life cycle as a seed, germinating in early spring under appropriate temperature and moisture conditions. After germination, seedlings emerge and grow into vegetative plants, developing a sturdy stem and foliage. As the plant matures, it enters the flowering stage, usually in late summer or fall, where it produces distinctive blooms. Following pollination, either by insects or artificially, the chrysanthemum sets seeds, completing the reproductive cycle. As winter approaches, the plant enters a period of dormancy, with above-ground parts dying back if it is not an evergreen variety in the specific climate. In the following spring, the plant or its new offspring (via seeds or vegetative propagation) recommences the growth cycle, unless it is an annual variety, in which case it would need to be replanted.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early Spring

    • The most popular way to propagate Chrysanthemum 'Pennine Alfie', commonly known as mums, is through division. This is typically done in the spring after the danger of frost has passed and the plant has started to show new growth. To propagate mums by division, you should carefully dig up the plant and gently separate the clumps into smaller sections, making sure that each division has a portion of the root system intact. The divisions can then be replanted in well-draining soil, spaced about 18 inches (approximately 45 centimeters) apart to ensure they have enough room to grow. It's important to water the new divisions thoroughly after planting to help establish them.