Raspberry Rubus idaeus

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
common raspberry


The plant known as raspberry is characterized by its thorny stems and compound leaves which typically have three to five leaflets, mostly with serrated edges. These leaves are a lush green color. The plant is notable for its spring flowers which are white to pale pink, with numerous stamens. These flowers give way to the famous fruit, the raspberry, which is an aggregate of small, juicy drupelets that attach around a central hollow core. The ripe fruit is commonly a deep red color, although some varieties bear black, purple, yellow, or golden berries. The texture of the raspberries is soft and they are known for their sweet, yet slightly tart flavor. The stems can have a bristly or hairy texture and are often arched or trailing.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Raspberry, European Raspberry, Red Raspberry, Wild Raspberry

    • Common names

      Rubus idaeus var. vulgatus, Rubus idaeus var. aculeatissimus, Rubus idaeus var. melanolasius, Rubus buschii, Rubus vulgatus, Rubus idaeus var. strigosus, Rubus strigosus, Rubus vulgatus var. buschii, Rubus vulgatus var. hortensis, Rubus idaeus var. buschii, Rubus occidentalis.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Raspberry is generally considered safe and non-toxic for humans. The fruits are widely consumed and are not poisonous. However, like with any plant, consumption of large amounts of leaves could potentially cause mild stomach upset due to the presence of tannins and other compounds found in plant leaves, but toxicity is not generally a concern with normal, moderate consumption.

    • To pets

      Raspberry is not toxic to pets such as dogs and cats. The fruit can be given to pets in moderation as a treat. However, as with humans, excessive consumption of leaves might cause mild gastrointestinal upset due to tannins, but the plant is not considered poisonous to pets.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 meters)

    • Spread

      2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Nutritional Value: Rubus idaeus, commonly known as raspberry, is a rich source of essential nutrients such as vitamins C and K, manganese, and dietary fiber.
    • Fruit Production: Raspberry plants produce edible fruits that can be enjoyed fresh, in jams, jellies, and desserts, providing a versatile food source.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers of raspberry plants attract beneficial pollinators like bees and butterflies, which are essential for the pollination of many other plants.
    • Soil Erosion Control: With their extensive root systems, raspberries can help stabilize soil and prevent erosion.
    • Habitat Provision: Raspberry bushes provide shelter and food for wildlife, including birds and beneficial insects.
    • Aesthetic Appeal: Raspberries offer ornamental value to gardens with their attractive foliage, flowers, and fruit.
    • Culinary Versatility: The fruit from raspberries can be used in a wide range of culinary dishes, both sweet and savory, due to its distinctive, tart flavor.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Antioxidant: Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) leaves are rich in antioxidants which may help to protect cells from oxidative damage.
    • Antimicrobial: The plant has been traditionally used for its antimicrobial properties, potentially helpful in fighting certain bacterial and fungal infections.
    • Anti-inflammatory: Raspberry leaves contain compounds that may have anti-inflammatory effects, which could be beneficial in reducing inflammation.
    • Gastrointestinal Relief: Herbal preparations of raspberry leaves are sometimes used to help soothe the digestive tract and relieve diarrhea.
    • Mensuration Support: Raspberry leaf tea is widely consumed by women to support menstrual health and reduce symptoms associated with menstruation.
    • Pregnancy Support: It is traditionally used to tone the uterus and support labor; however, its safety during pregnancy is debated and should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider.
    • Blood Sugar Regulation: There is some evidence to suggest that raspberries can have a positive effect on blood sugar regulation due to their fiber and tannin content.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Dye Production: The fruit of the raspberry plant, Rubus idaeus, can be used to produce a natural dye suitable for fabric and craft projects.
    • Educational Tool: Raspberry plants can be used in schools or educational programs to teach children about the life cycle of plants and the process of fruit development.
    • Garden Aesthetic: Raspberry plants can create dense foliage and provide a pleasant aesthetic for cottage gardens or wild garden designs due to their brambles and fruit.
    • Fish Bait: The soft, aromatic fruits of raspberries can be mashed and used as a sweet-smelling bait for fishing.
    • Beverage Flavoring: Raspberry leaves and fruits can be added to homemade beers or ciders to impart a unique, fruity flavor.
    • Domestic Animal Treats: Raspberries can be given in moderation to pets such as rabbits, guinea pigs, and birds as a natural treat.
    • Photography Subject: A raspberry plant, with its striking fruit and flowers, can be an excellent subject for botanical photography due to its vivid colors and textures.
    • Handmade Paper: Leaves and stems of the raspberry plant can be incorporated into handmade paper to add texture and plant fragments for artistic effects.
    • Insect Repellent: Some gardeners use raspberry plants around their vegetable gardens as a natural deterrent for certain insects that find the scent unappealing.
    • Crafting Material: Dried raspberry canes can be used in basket weaving or as part of natural craft projects for structural support and decoration.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Raspberry is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Raspberry is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Fertility: The Rubus idaeus, commonly known as the raspberry plant, bears fruit that is often associated with fertility and abundance, due to its many seeds and prolific nature.
    • Protection: In folklore, raspberry plants were sometimes considered to offer protection. Thickets of raspberries could shield against predators and were sometimes planted around homes for this purpose.
    • Joy: The sweet taste of raspberries can symbolize joy and pleasure. Their presence in gardens is often seen as adding a joyful element to the environment.
    • Kindness: The nourishing aspect of raspberries, along with their gentle appearance, often symbolizes kindness and gentleness in interpersonal relationships.
    • Love: The red color of ripe raspberries is frequently associated with love and passion, making it a symbol of romantic endeavours and affection.

Every 5-7 days
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not needed
Late winter-early spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Raspberry plants (Rubus idaeus) should be watered regularly, receiving about 1 to 2 inches of water per week. In the absence of rainfall, this translates to about 1.5 to 3 gallons per plant per week. It's best to water deeply to encourage root development. Water in the morning to allow foliage to dry throughout the day, reducing the risk of fungal diseases. During dry spells or when temperatures rise, increase watering frequency while making sure that the soil drains well and doesn't become waterlogged.

  • sunLight

    Raspberries require full sun to produce the best fruit, so positioning them in a spot that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day is ideal. Avoid heavily shaded areas as this can impede growth and fruit production.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Raspberries thrive in a temperature range between 34°F and 75°F, making them suitable for many temperate regions. They can survive winter temperatures down to about 20°F; however, prolonged exposure to temperatures below this can damage the plants. The ideal growing temperature for raspberries is between 55°F and 70°F during the growing season.

  • scissorsPruning

    Raspberries should be pruned to remove dead or diseased wood, to improve air circulation, and to shape the plant for better yields. This is best done annually in late winter to early spring before new growth begins. Canes that bore fruit the previous season should be pruned to ground level, as they will not produce again.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Raspberry plants thrive in well-drained, fertile soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. A mix containing equal parts of garden soil, peat moss, and compost or well-rotted manure is ideal, providing nutrients and good drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Raspberry plants, typically grown outdoors, do not require repotting. Instead, they spread through suckers and may need division every few years to manage their spread and encourage fruiting.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Raspberry plants prefer moderate humidity levels but are adaptable to various conditions. They do not have specific humidity requirements, focusing instead on proper soil moisture.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Grow raspberries in large pots with support, ample sunlight, and regular water.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sunny spot with good soil, regular water, and support for canes.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of Rubus idaeus, commonly known as raspberry, begins with seed germination, which requires a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. After germination, seedlings emerge and develop into juvenile plants, growing leaves and primary roots. As the plant matures, it enters a vegetative state where it develops canes (biennial stems), which in their first year (primocanes) only grow vegetatively. In the second year, these canes (now termed floricanes) produce flower buds, blossom, and undergo pollination, leading to the formation of the characteristic raspberry fruits during the summer. After fruiting, the floricanes die back, while new primocanes develop to ensure next year's crop. Once the plant has produced fruit, seeds are dispersed, often by animals or humans, to begin the cycle anew, while the mother plant can continue to produce new canes for several years.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Late winter-early spring

    • Propogation: Rubus idaeus, more commonly known as raspberry, is best propagated during the late winter or early spring, when the plants are dormant. The most popular method for propagating raspberries is through root cuttings. To perform this, a gardener would dig up healthy canes that have gone dormant, typically choosing ones that are about pencil-thickness. They would then cut these canes into sections about 5 to 6 inches (approximately 12.7 to 15.24 cm) long. These sections are planted horizontally in moist soil with the assumption that each segment can potentially develop its own root system. The cuttings are placed in a cool, shaded spot until they begin to sprout roots and shoots, after which they are relocated to their final planting position in the garden. This method is preferred as it maintains the cultivar's characteristics and is relatively simple and cost-effective.