Crocus Crocus 'Ard Schenk'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
crocus 'Ard Schenk'


The Crocus 'Ard Schenk' is an ornamental plant known for its beautiful spring blooms. The flowers are typically a pristine white with a brilliant and eye-catching contrast against the natural green backdrop of its foliage. Each flower consists of a cup-shaped bloom with delicate petals that fan outwards when fully open. The center of each flower is often adorned with bright orange stamens which add a splash of color to the otherwise pure white petals. The leaves are slender and grass-like, emerging from the base of the plant, and they often have a silver or pale stripe running along their length. When the plant is in bloom, it creates a striking display that can provide an early splash of color to gardens and landscapes after the winter months.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Ard Schenk Crocus, Snow Crocus, Dutch Crocus.

    • Common names

      Crocus 'Ard Schenk'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly known as simply the Crocus, is not generally considered toxic to humans. However, it is important to differentiate it from plants that look similar, such as Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale), which is highly toxic. If by chance, Autumn Crocus is ingested instead, symptoms of poisoning can include burning of the mouth and throat, vomiting, diarrhea, liver and kidney damage, and respiratory failure.

    • To pets

      Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly referred to as the Crocus, has minimal toxicity to pets. However, it can be confused with the Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale), which is highly toxic to pets if ingested. Ingesting Autumn Crocus can cause symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, severe gastrointestinal upset, and possible kidney, liver, and even bone marrow depression.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-4 inches (7.5-10 cm)

    • Spread

      3 inches (7.5 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Early Season Bloom: Crocus 'Ard Schenk' flowers early in spring, providing one of the first splashes of color after the winter season.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The blooms offer a valuable early nectar source for bees and other pollinating insects emerging from hibernation.
    • Low Maintenance: This plant is easy to care for, requiring minimal attention once established in the right conditions.
    • Cold Tolerant: As a hardy plant, Crocus 'Ard Schenk' can survive and thrive in cold climates, even emerging through snow.
    • Naturalizing: It has the ability to naturally spread and form larger groups over time, creating beautiful drifts of white flowers.
    • Landscape Versatility: Due to its small size, it can be planted in a variety of locations, including lawns, borders, rock gardens, or woodland settings.
    • Drought Resistant: Once established, Crocus 'Ard Schenk' can tolerate periods of dryness, making it suitable for xeriscaping or drought-prone areas.
    • Deer and Rodent Resistant: The corms of the crocus are generally not favored by deer and rodents, making it less likely to be disturbed by wildlife.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Crocus Ard Schenk petals can be used to create natural dyes for fabrics, providing a range of subtle hues for textile artistry.
    • The stigmas and styles of the Crocus can be gathered to make saffron, a precious and expensive spice that is used in cooking various dishes worldwide.
    • Dried Crocus flowers can be incorporated into potpourri mixtures, adding color and a light fragrance to a room when stored in decorative bowls or sachets.
    • Children can use the Crocus Ard Schenk for educational purposes, such as learning about plant life cycles and the process of pollination.
    • Crocus Ard Schenk bulbs can be used in "forcing" projects to bloom indoors out of season, which is a common practice for adding color to indoor environments during the winter months.
    • The flowers of the Crocus can be used in the craft of flower pressing, where they are dried and pressed flat to be used in ornamental designs or art projects.
    • Gardeners can use Crocus Ard Schenk as a natural method of lawn embellishment by planting the bulbs in the grass, creating a colorful, natural mosaic in early spring.
    • Crocus Ard Schenk's bright blooms can be a source of inspiration for artists and photographers, serving as subjects for paintings, drawings, and photographic studies.
    • The plant can be involved in eco-friendly gardening practices such as companion planting, where it can be paired with other plants to create beneficial ecosystems.
    • Use the dried seed capsules of Crocus Ard Schenk to add to wreaths or other dried floral arrangements for an interesting textural element.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Crocus is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Crocus is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Hope: The Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly known just as crocus, often symbolizes hope due to its characteristic of blooming early in the spring, sometimes even while snow is still on the ground, suggesting the coming of better times and seasons.
    • Youthful Gladness: Crocuses are associated with youthful joy as they are one of the first flowers to bloom in spring, bringing cheer after a long winter.
    • Purification: In some cultures, the crocus is associated with purification, which may be due to its emergence as a fresh, clean flower in the springtime, signalling the purification of the landscape after winter.
    • New Beginnings: As spring flowers, crocuses are symbolic of new beginnings, which ties back to other symbolism related to fresh starts and hope.

When topsoil is dry
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-4 years
Early autumn
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly known as Dutch crocus, requires moderate but consistent watering during its growth period. Water the crocus with approximately one gallon of water every two to three days, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to bulb rot, so adjust your watering schedule during periods of rain. Once the Dutch crocus has finished blooming and is entering dormancy, reduce watering frequency, allowing the soil to dry out more between waterings.

  • sunLight

    Dutch crocus thrives best in full sun to partial shade conditions. A spot that receives at least 3 to 4 hours of direct sunlight each day is ideal. If planted indoors, place Dutch crocuses near a south-facing window to ensure they receive adequate light.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dutch crocus prefers cooler temperatures and can tolerate a range from 35°F to 65°F. The bulbs require a period of chilling at 35°F to 45°F to bloom properly, which can be achieved naturally in winter climates or through refrigeration before planting. Avoid exposing them to temperatures above 65°F during the bloom cycle as this may shorten the flowering period.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Dutch crocus is not typically required, but spent flowers should be deadheaded by snipping them at the base to encourage bulb strength. Do not cut back the foliage until it has died down naturally to ensure nutrients are returned to the bulb for the next growing season. This maintenance is usually done once a year, after blooming.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly known as Ard Schenk crocus, thrives in well-drained, sandy or loamy soil with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH of around 6.0 to 7.5. The best soil mix should include equal parts of garden soil, sand, and compost to provide the nutrients and drainage this crocus variety prefers.

  • plantRepotting

    Ard Schenk crocuses usually don't require frequent repotting and can be left undisturbed for several years. These plants are typically repotted every 4 to 5 years, or when the corms become overcrowded in their current container.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Ard Schenk crocus does well in average home humidity levels. It does not have specific humidity requirements, but like with most crocuses, it's important to ensure good air circulation around the plants.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright light, cooler temps; plant in well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Full to part sun, well-draining soil, plant 3-4 inches deep.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly known as the Dutch Crocus, begins its life cycle as a bulb planted in well-draining soil, preferably in the autumn before the first frost. As temperatures cool, it undergoes a period of dormancy over winter which is necessary for the biological processes that trigger flowering. Come early spring, the bulb breaks dormancy, sending up shoots that produce narrow, grass-like leaves and classic white, cup-shaped flowers. After flowering, the plant enters a foliage growth stage where it photosynthesizes to gather energy and nutrients, which are then stored back in the bulb for the next season. The leaves eventually yellow and die back as the plant enters summer dormancy, retreating into the bulb state once more. The cycle repeats when the cooler weather in subsequent autumn reinitiates growth, continuing the perennial life cycle of the crocus.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early autumn

    • The Crocus 'Ard Schenk', commonly known as the 'Ard Schenk' Crocus, is typically propagated through division of corms. This process is best done in the late summer to early fall, when the plants are dormant. To propagate, carefully dig up the clump of corms and gently separate them, ensuring that each division has at least one growing point. Replant the separated corms immediately, placing them in well-drained soil with the pointed end facing upwards, around 3 to 4 inches (7.5 to 10 cm) deep and spaced about 3 inches (7.5 cm) apart. Water them in well to settle the soil around the corms. This form of vegetative propagation ensures the new plants will be true to the parent and is the most popular method for multiplying 'Ard Schenk' Crocus.