Snow Crocus Crocus chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles'

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
crocus 'E.P. Bowles'


Crocus chrysanthus 'E.P. Bowles' is a selected variety of the early spring-flowering crocus, known for its distinctive and ornamental flowers. The plant produces blooms that are typically creamy-yellow, often with an outer feathering of bronze or brownish tones. These flowers have a cup-shaped appearance, with symmetrical petals that flare outwards, giving them an attractive and welcoming look. At the center of each flower, you can usually observe contrasting bright orange stamens, which add to the visual appeal. The foliage of 'E.P. Bowles' is slender and grass-like, emerging in a fresh green color and sometimes featuring a silvery stripe down the middle of each blade. This foliage provides a delicate background that helps highlight the beauty of the blooms. Overall, 'E.P. Bowles' is admired for its charming flowers, which bring a splash of warm color to gardens as one of the first signs of the coming spring.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Snow Crocus, Winter Crocus, Golden Crocus

    • Common names

      Crocus chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Snow crocus, the common name for Crocus chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles', is not considered to be highly toxic to humans. However, as with many plants, consuming large quantities of any part of this plant could potentially cause gastrointestinal discomfort, including nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. The primary concern typically arises from the mistaken identity with other crocus species such as the Autumn crocus, a highly toxic plant. It is always advisable to avoid ingesting plants that are not known to be safe or are not intended for human consumption.

    • To pets

      Snow crocus, when ingested by pets, can cause mild gastrointestinal upset, including symptoms such as vomiting or diarrhea. It is not known to be severely toxic to pets, but as a precaution, it is best to prevent pets from ingesting this plant. If a pet has consumed a significant amount of the plant, or if any concerning symptoms arise, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-6 inches (7.5-15 cm)

    • Spread

      3-6 inches (7.5-15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Early Spring Bloom: Crocus chrysanthus 'E.P. Bowles' blooms early in the spring, adding color to the garden after a long winter.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The flowers provide nectar for bees and butterflies, supporting the local ecosystem.
    • Low Maintenance: This crocus variety requires minimal care once established, making it a good choice for both novice and expert gardeners.
    • Suitable for Rock Gardens: Its compact size and resilience make it ideal for rock gardens and other small-space gardening.
    • Naturalizing: The plant can spread and naturalize in an area, creating larger displays over the years.
    • Drought Tolerant: Once established, it is quite tolerant of dry conditions.
    • Versatile Planting: Can be planted in lawns, borders, and under shrubs or trees, providing flexibility in garden design.
    • Vivid Colors: The bright yellow blossoms add vibrant color and contrast to the late winter and early spring garden palette.
    • Cold Hardy: It is able to withstand cold temperatures and frost, suitable for growing in a variety of climates.
    • Small Size: Due to its small stature, it can fit into tight spaces or be used as a ground cover.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Crocus chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles' can be used in crafting natural dyes; petals may produce varying hues when used in dyeing fabrics.
    • The plant's corms (bulbs) can be a source of starch for small scale experiments in adhesive or paste-making.
    • Flower petals of the Crocus chrysanthus can be used in art, such as pressing for botanical prints or inclusion in resin jewelry.
    • This plant can act as an educational tool in schools to demonstrate plant life cycles and bulb growth in biology classes.
    • Crocus chrysanthus can be utilized in photography, serving as a vibrant early spring subject for nature photographers.
    • The leaves and petals can be used to create botanical patterns in the craft of paper making, adding texture and visual interest to handmade papers.
    • Garden designers can use clusters of Crocus chrysanthus to create 'bulb lawns', where the bulbs naturalize in grassy areas, creating a seasonal display.
    • This crocus species can serve as a seasonal food source for pollinators, supporting early-emerging bees when not many other flowers are in bloom.
    • Tolerant of cold, the plant can be used in 'frost gardens', creating aesthetic outdoor spaces designed to highlight plants that look particularly striking with frost.
    • The blooming of Crocus chrysanthus can serve as a natural indicator that winter is transitioning to spring, useful for phenological garden records or climate study observations.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Crocus is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Crocus is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Hope: The crocus chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles', commonly known as Snow Crocus, is one of the first flowers to bloom in late winter or early spring, symbolizing hope and the promise of better things to come.
    • Youthfulness: Its delicate and vibrant flowers are associated with the freshness and innocence of youth.
    • Cheerfulness: The bright colors of the Snow Crocus are often seen as a sign of cheer and joy, helping to uplift the spirits after a long winter.
    • New Beginnings: Since Snow Crocus blossoms at the end of winter, it is frequently seen as a representation of new beginnings or rebirth.
    • Gladness: Giving someone a bunch of crocus flowers is traditionally a way of expressing happiness and gladness in their company.

When soil is dry
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-4 years
Early Autumn
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    For the Snow Crocus or Crocus chrysanthus 'E.p. Bowles', water when the top inch of soil feels dry, typically once a week during the growing season. They require thorough watering, so the soil is moist but not waterlogged, with an average of 1/2 gallon for outdoor plants or 2-4 ounces for pots. Reduce watering after the blooming period as the plant enters dormancy. It's important not to overwater to avoid bulb rot.

  • sunLight

    Snow Crocus thrives in full sun to partial shade. The ideal spot would be where the plant receives direct sunlight for at least 4-6 hours a day. However, in regions with very hot summers, a location with morning sun and afternoon shade is beneficial to prevent scorching.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Snow Crocus is cold-tolerant and requires a period of winter chill to bloom well. It can survive winter temperatures as low as 0°F and summer temperatures up to 85°F. The ideal growing temperatures range between 35°F and 65°F for optimal growth and flowering.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning is not typically necessary for Snow Crocus except for the removal of dead or faded flowers to maintain tidiness and potentially encourage reblooming. Best done after flowering, simply snip off the spent blooms at the base. This prevents seed formation and focuses the plant's energy on bulb growth.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Snow Crocus requires well-drained soil with a mixture of loam, sand, and compost. A pH of 6.0 to 7.0 is ideal for optimal growth. Adding perlite or vermiculite can improve drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Snow Crocus bulbs need to be repotted every 3 to 4 years or once the bulbs multiply and seem crowded. It is best to repot after the foliage dies down.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Snow Crocus prefers average outdoor humidity levels. It is tolerant of various humidity conditions and does not require any special humidity adjustments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Plant in well-drained soil near a sunny window.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-drained soil with full to partial sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Crocus chrysanthus 'E.P. Bowles', commonly known as Snow Crocus or Golden Crocus, begins its life cycle from a corm, which is an underground storage organ. In autumn, the corm sends up leaves and buds, and then blooms in late winter to early spring, showing off its cheerful yellow flowers. After flowering, the leaves remain and photosynthesize to generate energy, which is stored back in the corm for the next season's growth. When the leaves die back in late spring, the plant enters a period of dormancy throughout the summer. During dormancy, the corm divides to form new cormlets, which will grow into new plants. In the following autumn, the cycle restarts as these corms send up new shoots, continuing the life cycle of the Snow Crocus.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early Autumn

    • The most popular method of propagating Crocus chrysanthus 'E.P. Bowles', commonly known as Snow Crocus, is through division of corms. This should be done when the plants are dormant, typically in the late summer to early fall. Gardeners should carefully dig up the clusters of corms and gently separate them by hand, ensuring each separated corm has a portion of the root system attached. It is essential to replant the corms promptly at a depth of around 3 to 4 inches (approximately 7.6 to 10 centimeters) and spaced 3 inches (about 7.6 centimeters) apart to prevent drying out. The corms will then root and establish themselves in the fall, ready to bloom the following spring.