Dwarf Russian almond 'Fire Hill' Prunus tenella 'Fire Hill'

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
dwarf Russian almond 'Fire Hill'


'Fire Hill' is a small deciduous shrub with narrow, glossy dark green leaves and bowl-shaped deep pink flowers opening before and with the leaves in spring

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Dwarf Russian Almond, Fire Hill Almond.

    • Common names

      Amygdalus tenella, Cerasus tenella, Prunus chamaecerasus, Prunus tenella var. typica.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2-5 feet (60-150 cm)

    • Spread

      2-4 feet (60-120 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      Southeastern Europe


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Appeal - Prunus tenella 'Fire Hill', commonly known as the Dwarf Russian Almond, is valued for its decorative pink to red flowers that add color and visual interest to gardens and landscapes.
    • Easy Maintenance - It requires relatively low maintenance once established, making it suitable for gardeners with limited time.
    • Attracts Pollinators - The blossoms of this plant provide a valuable nectar source for bees and other pollinating insects, contributing to the health of the ecosystem.
    • Compact Size - Its small stature makes it an ideal choice for gardens with limited space, or for use in container gardening.
    • Seasonal Interest - With the added charm of its spring flowers and summer fruits, the Dwarf Russian Almond offers multiple seasons of interest in the landscape.
    • Wildlife Habitat - The plant can serve as a habitat and food source for various birds and small mammals, enhancing biodiversity.
    • Drought Tolerance - Once established, it is quite drought-resistant, making it suitable for arid climates and reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Soil Adaptability - It can adapt to a range of soil types, although it prefers well-drained soils, providing versatility in different garden settings.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Prunus tenella 'Fire Hill', commonly known as Dwarf Russian Almond, can be used to create natural dyes due to the pigments present in its flowers.
    • The plant's branches can be trimmed and used in floral arrangements, taking advantage of its attractive blossoms for decorative purposes.
    • The dense growth habit of Dwarf Russian Almond can also provide cover for small wildlife in gardens, offering shelter and nesting opportunities.
    • Its resistance to drought makes it an ideal candidate for xeriscaping, which is a landscaping approach that reduces the need for irrigation.
    • The plant's seeds can be used in crafts, such as jewelry making, due to their hard shell and unique appearance after drying.
    • Dwarf Russian Almond can function as a living fence when planted in rows, providing an aesthetically pleasing and eco-friendly boundary.
    • Fallen petals of the Dwarf Russian Almond can be collected and used to make potpourri, adding a natural fragrance to indoor spaces.
    • It can be used as a bonsai specimen for enthusiasts who enjoy miniature tree cultivation.
    • Budding photographers often use the Dwarf Russian Almond as a subject for practicing macro photography, capturing the intricate details of its flowers.
    • Artists may also use the Dwarf Russian Almond as a model for botanical illustrations or paintings due to its striking spring bloom.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant Dwarf Russian Almond is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Dwarf Russian Almond is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Renewal: Prunus tenella, commonly known as the dwarf Russian almond, blooms in early spring, symbolizing the awakening of nature and the start of new beginnings.
    • Feminine beauty: With its delicate and vibrant pink flowers, the dwarf Russian almond is often associated with feminine beauty and grace.
    • Love and romance: As with many flowering trees, the pretty blossoms of the dwarf Russian almond can represent love and the romantic allure of spring's fertility.
    • Hope: The dwarf Russian almond's resilient nature and ability to bloom in cooler climates is seen as a sign of hope and the persistent survival of beauty amidst adversity.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Dwarf Russian Almond should be watered deeply to ensure that the water reaches its root system, which promotes strong growth. During the initial growth phase and especially in dry conditions, water the plant once or twice a week. As the plant becomes established, reduce watering to when the top 2-3 inches of soil are dry. In terms of the amount, ensure that the plant receives about 1-1.5 gallons of water per week, depending on weather conditions; less in cool, damp weather, and more in hot, dry periods. Over-watering can lead to root rot, so it is important to allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

  • sunLight

    Dwarf Russian Almond thrives best in full sun exposure, which means it should receive at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. It can tolerate light shade, but flowering is usually best in full sun. A location that is exposed to the morning sun is preferable as it dries dew quickly, which can help prevent diseases.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dwarf Russian Almond is hardy and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, making it a resilient choice for different climates. It can survive winter temperatures down to about -20°F and is comfortable in summer temperatures up to 85°F. Ideally, the plant prefers a temperate climate and grows best when daytime temperatures are between 60°F and 75°F.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Dwarf Russian Almond is important to maintain its shape and encourage more prolific blooming. It should be pruned just after the flowers fade in late spring to early summer. Remove any dead or diseased wood, and thin out overcrowded branches to improve air circulation. Pruning also stimulates new growth that will produce next season's blooms. To avoid cutting off future flowers, do not prune late in the season as the plant sets its buds in late summer.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Dwarf Russian Almond 'Fire Hill' thrives in well-drained loamy soil with a pH ranging from slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.0). A mix composed of garden soil, compost, and sand or perlite would suit it well, ensuring good drainage and fertility.

  • plantRepotting

    The Dwarf Russian Almond 'Fire Hill' generally does not require frequent repotting. It should be repotted only if it outgrows its container, which is likely every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and encourage healthy growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    The Dwarf Russian Almond 'Fire Hill' is adaptable to average outdoor humidity levels and does not require any special humidity considerations, performing well in the natural humidity found in most temperate climates.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, cool temp., and air flow for indoor Russian Almond.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, well-drained soil, protect from harsh winds for Russian Almond.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Prunus tenella 'Fire Hill', also known as Dwarf Russian Almond, begins its life cycle as a seed, which, once germinated in well-drained soil and with ample sunlight, sprouts into a seedling. As it grows, it develops into a small, deciduous shrub, reaching up to 4-5 feet in height, with a bushy habit and slender branches. In the spring, it enters a vegetative stage where leaves unfold, followed by prolific flowering where the plant displays pink to deep red blossoms that attract pollinators. After pollination, it sets fruit that develops into drupes, maturing by late summer, when seeds are dispersed to start a new cycle. The plant enters dormancy in the fall, with leaves turning yellow and dropping as temperatures decline. Every year, the Dwarf Russian Almond undergoes this cycle, gradually maturing and potentially spreading if conditions allow for seed germination nearby.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The Dwarf Russian almond 'Fire Hill' can be effectively propagated by seed or by semi-hardwood cuttings. However, the most popular method is through semi-hardwood cuttings, typically done in late summer. To propagate by this method, one should take a cutting of about 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) long from a healthy branch, making sure that there are multiple leaves on the cutting. The cutting end is often dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root growth and then planted in a well-draining potting mix. The cutting needs to be kept in a warm, humid environment until roots develop, which can be aided by covering the pot with a plastic bag or using a propagation dome. Consistent moisture and indirect sunlight facilitate the rooting process, and roots usually form within a few weeks to a few months. Once the cuttings have developed a strong root system, they can be transplanted to their final location.