Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo Pleioblastus variegatus (v)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
dwarf white-striped bamboo


Pleioblastus variegatus, commonly referred to as dwarf whitestripe bamboo, is a striking plant characterized by its distinctive foliage. The leaves are the most eye-catching feature, with their variegated pattern of green and white stripes that run along the length giving it a vibrant and decorative look. These leaves are relatively narrow and elongate, presenting a fresh and bright appearance. The stems, or canes, are erect and tend to cluster tightly together, giving the plant a dense, bushy form. The canes themselves may display a greenish hue but generally remain a subtle backdrop to the bold, patterned foliage. Despite being a type of bamboo, this variety has a more restrained growth habit, which contributes to its popularity as an ornamental plant in gardens where space and management are considerations. Over time, the dwarf whitestripe bamboo will form a graceful and compact clump that waves gently with a breeze, adding both texture and movement to the planting area. This bamboo is often praised for its ability to brighten up shady spots in the garden with its variegated leaves, making it a practical and aesthetically pleasing choice for gardeners and landscapers.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo, Variegated Pleioblastus, Variegated Dwarf Bamboo

    • Common names

      Arundinaria variegata, Bambusa variegata, Pleioblastus argenteostriatus, Pleioblastus chino variegatus, Pleioblastus chino 'Variegatus', Sasa variegata.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant commonly known as Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo is not known for being poisonous to humans. Therefore, ingesting parts of this plant typically does not lead to toxic symptoms or consequences. However, as with any plant not intended for consumption, individual allergic reactions or irritation are possible, and ingesting plant material could potentially cause gastrointestinal discomfort or blockages.

    • To pets

      Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo is also not known to be toxic to pets. It is not listed among the common poisonous plants for animals such as dogs or cats. Therefore, ingestion of this plant is unlikely to cause serious or toxic effects. However, as with humans, ingestion of non-food plant material by pets can potentially result in gastrointestinal upset or physical blockages. If a pet consumes a large amount of plant material, it is always advisable to monitor for signs of distress and consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      4-5 feet (1.2-1.5 meters)

    • Spread

      3-6 feet (0.9-1.8 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Pleioblastus variegata, commonly known as Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo, adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its variegated leaves and compact growth habit.
    • Ground Cover: It serves as an effective ground cover, spreading to form a dense mat that can help suppress weeds.
    • Erosion Control: The plant's root system helps stabilize soil and can be used to prevent erosion on slopes.
    • Low Maintenance: Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo requires minimal care once established, making it an easy plant for gardeners of all levels.
    • Drought Resistance: Once established, it can tolerate periods of drought, reducing the need for regular watering.
    • Privacy Screen: When planted in groups, it can create a low privacy screen or living fence, providing a sense of seclusion and reducing noise pollution.
    • Habitat Provision: This bamboo can provide habitat and food for a variety of wildlife, including birds and beneficial insects.
    • Cultural Significance: Bamboo plants have cultural significance in many Asian cultures and can bring a sense of tranquility and natural beauty to themed gardens.
    • Fast Growth: The plant grows quickly, allowing for rapid establishment and filling in of garden areas where quick cover is desired.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo, which is a common name for Pleioblastus variegatus, is often used as a material for crafting musical instruments, such as flutes, due to its hollow stems and durability.
    • Its tall and sturdy canes can be employed as supports for climbing plants or vegetables in the garden, providing a natural and aesthetically pleasing structure for plants to grow on.
    • The canes can be used to make furniture or decorative objects, highlighting their natural texture and patterns in items such as chairs, picture frames, and even lampshades.
    • Artisans can use the fine grain of the bamboo's wood to craft utensils, cutting boards, and even small containers which are prized for their light weight and resilience.
    • Due to its dense growth, the Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo can be utilized in creating privacy screens or hedges for residential landscapes to offer seclusion without the use of artificial fences.
    • The leaves of Pleioblastus variegatus can be used to create natural dyes for textiles, offering a range of colors depending on the processing method.
    • In some cultures, bamboo canes are traditionally used in water filtration systems for their antibacterial properties, although this should not be confused with medical use.
    • The fibrous nature of Pleioblastus variegatus allows it to be processed into pulp for making high-quality paper, renowned for its strength and smoothness.
    • Gardeners can employ the culms as stakes to support newly planted trees or shrubs, ensuring stability as the new plants establish their root systems.
    • The Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo may also be used in crafting wind chimes, which produce a distinctive and soothing sound as the bamboo tubes knock together in the breeze.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Flexibility: Pleioblastus variegatus, commonly known as Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo, has slender, flexible canes that symbolize adaptability and resilience.
    • Growth: As a bamboo species, it represents rapid growth and vigor, illustrating the idea of steady progress and reaching for great heights.
    • Good Luck: Bamboo is often associated with good fortune in many cultures, especially in East Asia, therefore the Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo carries this connotation as well.
    • Simplicity: The straightforward growth pattern and modest appearance of this bamboo may symbolize a desire for a simple, yet meaningful life.
    • Strength: Bamboos, including Dwarf Whitestripe Bamboo, are known for their strong material, symbolizing internal strength and integrity.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo requires regular watering to maintain a consistently moist soil environment, especially during the growing season. Water the plant thoroughly, allowing water to permeate the top 6-8 inches of soil. On average, this equates to about 1-2 gallons per week, depending on climatic conditions and soil drainage. It's important to reduce watering during the winter months when the plant's growth slows down. Always check the top layer of soil for dryness before watering again to avoid overwatering.

  • sunLight

    Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo thrives in a spot that receives full sun to partial shade. The ideal location would provide morning sunlight with some afternoon shade, or dappled sunlight throughout the day. Too much intense sunlight can scorch the leaves, while too little light can lead to weak growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo prefers a temperature range between 50°F and 80°F but can withstand temperatures as low as 0°F once established. It is vital to protect the plant from extreme cold by providing insulation or moving it to a sheltered location if potted. The ideal conditions for robust growth are temperatures that consistently stay within this range, with protection from hot and cold extremes.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo is necessary to control its spread and encourage new growth. The best time to prune is in the late winter or early spring before new shoots emerge. Remove any dead, damaged, or overly crowded canes at the ground level to promote air circulation and light penetration. Pruning can be done annually to maintain the desired size and shape of the plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo prefers a well-draining soil mix that's rich in organic matter. An ideal mix could be two parts loam, one part peat, and one part sand or perlite to ensure proper drainage. The ideal pH for this bamboo is slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0. Regularly adding organic compost can help maintain soil fertility.

  • plantRepotting

    Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo should be repotted every two to three years to prevent it from becoming root-bound and to replenish the nutrients in the soil. Due to its vigorous growth habit, it might need to be divided during repotting to manage its size and spread.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo thrives in moderate to high humidity levels. Aim for a humidity level of 40-60% for optimal growth. This plant can tolerate lower humidity but will benefit from occasional misting or a humidity tray to recreate its natural humid environment.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo in bright, indirect light indoors.

    • Outdoor

      Plant Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo in partial shade outdoors.

    • Hardiness zone

      6-10 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of **Pleioblastus variegatus**, also known as **Variegated Dwarf Bamboo**, begins with seed germination, although this species is more commonly propagated through division or cuttings. After germination or planting, the bamboo enters a vigorous growth phase where it develops a dense network of rhizomes and shoots; in optimal conditions, it can grow rapidly. Shoots eventually develop into canes with characteristic green and white variegated leaves. These mature canes undergo a period of elongation and leaf expansion, reaching a typical maximum height of 3 to 4 feet for this dwarf variety. The plant has a clumping growth habit, which expands outward gradually rather than spreading invasively. Mature clumps can be divided every few years to maintain vitality and to propagate new plants.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • The most popular method of propagating Pleioblastus variegatus, commonly known as Dwarf Whitestripe bamboo, is through division. This is ideally done in the spring when the plant is actively growing. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the root clump of an established bamboo and use a sharp spade or knife to divide it into sections, ensuring each section has at least one growing culm or shoot and accompanying roots. Aim to make each division about 6 inches (15 centimeters) in diameter. The divisions can then be replanted in well-draining soil at the same depth they were originally growing. Water the new plantings thoroughly and maintain consistent moisture until the new bamboo is well established, which usually means new growth has appeared and is beginning to mature.