Maiden Grass Miscanthus sinensis

πŸ‘€ Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
πŸͺ Not edible
β€πŸŒ± Easy-care


Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Maiden Grass, is a perennial plant known for its graceful and elegant appearance. The plant forms a clump of narrow, arching foliage that is typically green but can show variegation with streaks of white, gold, or silver. The leaves are long, slender, and have a sharp edge that can cut if not handled carefully. They create a fine-textured, dense tussock that sways with the wind, adding a sense of movement in the landscape. During the late summer and into fall, Maiden Grass produces tall, feathery plumes that rise above the foliage. These plumes start off with a pink or reddish hue and as they mature, they transform into a silvery-white color that catches the sun, giving a sparkling effect. These flower plumes are highly valued for their aesthetic appeal, as they remain attractive through the fall and even into winter, providing visual interest in the garden for an extended period. As the seasons change, the foliage and plumes of Maiden Grass transform in color. The leaves develop rich autumnal tones, including shades of yellow, orange, and brown, before fading to a beige or straw color in the winter. The texture and color of the dried grass can be a striking element in the landscape, especially when backlit by the low winter sun. Maiden Grass is appreciated not only for its visual charm but also for its adaptability to a range of soil types and conditions, though it prefers a sunnier spot to thrive. It is commonly used in garden design for its vertical element and as a screen or backdrop for other plants. Additionally, the grass can be used in dried floral arrangements, where it provides height and interest. It is a versatile plant that can integrate well into various garden styles, from formal to naturalistic settings.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Chinese Silver Grass, Maiden Grass, Eulalia, Japanese Silver Grass, Zebra Grass, Porcupine Grass

    • Common names

      Arundo sinensis, Eulalia japonica, Eulalia sinensis, Miscanthus condensatus, Miscanthus japonicus, Miscanthus ogiformis, Miscanthus sacchariflorus var. gracillimus, Miscanthus transmorrisonensis, Saccharum japonicum, Sclerostachya japonica

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Maiden grass, commonly known as Miscanthus sinensis, is not known to be toxic to humans. This ornamental grass is generally considered safe, and there are no commonly reported toxic effects from ingesting it.

    • To pets

      Maiden grass, or Miscanthus sinensis, is also not recognized as being toxic to pets. It is considered non-toxic to dogs, cats, and other animals. As with any non-food plant material, ingestion of large quantities could potentially cause mild stomach upset, but toxicity is not a general concern with this plant.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-8 feet (1.2-2.4 meters)

    • Spread

      2-4 feet (0.6-1.2 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Erosion Control: Its extensive root system helps stabilize soil and control erosion.
    • Ornamental Value: Provides aesthetic beauty to gardens with its tall, graceful foliage and feathery plumes.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established and is drought tolerant.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Offers shelter and nesting materials for birds and other wildlife.
    • Carbon Sequestration: Captures carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, contributing to carbon storage efforts.
    • Bioenergy Crop: Can be used as a renewable energy source through biomass production.
    • Tolerates Poor Soil: Thrives in a wide range of soil types, including poor-quality soils.
    • Privacy Screen: Acts as a natural screen or hedge, providing privacy and wind protection.
    • Seasonal Interest: Adds visual interest to landscapes throughout the seasons with changing foliage and seed head colors.
    • Sound Barrier: Dense growth can help reduce noise pollution when planted in groups.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, can be used for weaving baskets and mats due to its strong and long-lasting fibers.
    • The plant's dried stems can be used as a natural material for crafting musical instruments, such as flutes and other wind instruments.
    • Due to its high silica content, the ash from burned Miscanthus sinensis can be used as a natural abrasive in polishing metal and cleaning hard surfaces.
    • The foliage of Chinese silver grass can be used in decorative arrangements or as filler in floral displays, offering texture and height to bouquets.
    • It can be used in the fashion industry to produce eco-friendly fabrics and materials as an alternative to synthetic fibers.
    • Chinese silver grass can serve as a privacy screen or natural sound barrier in landscaping due to its dense growth habit.
    • The plant can be used in phytoremediation projects to help detoxify soils contaminated with heavy metals, thanks to its ability to accumulate these substances in its tissues.
    • Miscanthus sinensis can be utilized as a biodegradable mulch in gardening, helping to suppress weeds and retain soil moisture.
    • The fibers of this plant can be used in papermaking, yielding a high-quality, textured paper that is suitable for art prints and stationery.
    • Chinese silver grass is used in craft projects, such as making wreaths or as a natural dye source for eco-friendly textile coloring.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The plant name is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The plant name is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Adaptability: Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, thrives in a variety of soil types and conditions, symbolizing the ability to adapt and flourish in diverse environments.
    • Resilience: This plant can withstand harsh weather and reflects resilience in the face of adversity.
    • Growth and Renewal: Chinese silver grass experiences a period of dormancy in winter and reemerges with robust growth in spring, embodying the concepts of renewal and the cycle of growth.
    • Privacy: Often used in landscaping to create natural barriers, Chinese silver grass represents the need for privacy and seclusion.
    • Elegance: With its tall stalks and feathery plumes, the plant exudes an elegant appearance, symbolizing grace and sophistication.
    • Peace and Serenity: The soft rustling sound of its leaves in the wind has a calming effect, symbolizing peace and tranquility.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Early spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Maiden Grass should be watered regularly, especially during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Once established, they are more drought tolerant and may require less frequent watering. During hot and dry periods, water the plant thoroughly once a week, providing about 1 to 1.5 inches of water each time. It is best to water deeply and less frequently rather than little and often to encourage deep rooting. Ensure the soil is well-drained to avoid waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.

  • sunLight

    Maiden Grass thrives in full sunlight, with at least 6 hours of direct sun each day. The best spot for planting Maiden Grass would be an area where it can receive unfiltered sunlight throughout the day. While it can tolerate some light shade, too much shade can cause the plant to grow less vigorously and may affect the foliage's color.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Maiden Grass prefers moderate to warm temperatures and is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. It can tolerate a wide temperature range from about -30 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the ideal temperature conditions for robust growth and development are between 60 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Below the minimum temperature, the plant may die back to the ground but can re-emerge in spring if the root system is well-established.

  • scissorsPruning

    Maiden Grass should be pruned to remove old foliage and encourage fresh growth. The best time to prune is in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Pruning once a year is sufficient, cutting the grass clumps down to a few inches above the ground. This allows for a rejuvenation of the plant, promoting healthier, more vigorous growth for the upcoming season.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Maiden Grass (Miscanthus sinensis) thrives best in a well-draining soil mix with a moderate amount of organic matter. A mix containing garden compost or peat, mixed with perlite or sand can ensure good drainage. The ideal soil pH for Maiden Grass should be mildly acidic to neutral, ranging from 5.5 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Maiden Grass, being a large and vigorous perennial grass, does not typically require frequent repotting. It can often be left undisturbed for several years. However, if it outgrows its space or depletes the soil nutrients, repotting every 3 to 5 years may be necessary.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Maiden Grass is tolerant of a wide range of humidity conditions and does not require any special humidity levels. It can grow well in the humidity levels typically found in its natural outdoor environment, and does not have specific humidity requirements for healthy growth.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Maiden Grass in a well-lit area and ensure a large container.

    • Outdoor

      Plant Maiden Grass in full sun with space for growth.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Japanese Silver Grass, or Miscanthus sinensis, begins its life cycle with seed germination, which typically occurs in spring when temperatures become suitable. After germination, the young seedlings emerge and start the vegetative growth phase, developing a dense clump of foliage consisting of elongated leaves. Throughout the spring and summer, the grass matures and enters the reproductive phase, characterized by the formation of tall, feathery plumes or flower heads by late summer to fall. Pollination occurs, typically assisted by wind, leading to the production of seeds by the flower heads. During the winter, Miscanthus sinensis becomes dormant, with the above-ground foliage dying back with frost, while the rhizome or root system remains viable underground. With the return of warmer spring temperatures, the plant breaks dormancy, initiating a new cycle of growth and development.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early spring

    • The most popular method of propagating Miscanthus sinensis, also known as maiden grass, is by division. This technique is usually performed in the spring as new growth becomes evident. To propagate by division, one should dig up a mature clump of the grass, being careful to preserve as much of the root system as possible. The clump is then separated into smaller sections, each with a portion of the root system and several shoots. These divisions should be immediately replanted in a prepared area of the garden, spaced about 3 to 4 feet apart to allow for growth. A well-draining soil and full sun to part shade conditions will foster a successful establishment. Regular watering helps the new divisions to establish roots, reducing the risk of transplant shock.