Dwarf Iris Iris 'Harmony' (Reticulata)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
iris 'Harmony'


Iris 'Harmony' is a visually striking plant with showy, ornamental flowers that captivate with their rich, royal blue petals. The flowers typically have three large, flat or slightly downwards arching petals known as falls. These falls often feature a striking yellow or white pattern or 'beard' that draws attention to their centers. Contrasting these falls, the plant also sports smaller, upright petals called standards, which add to the flower's intricate beauty. The leaves of Iris 'Harmony' are slender, green, and sword-shaped, often having a vertical or slightly arching posture, emanating from the base of the plant and providing an elegant, grass-like backdrop to the vibrant blooms. The leaves closely clasp the stems, creating a tidy, upright clump that supports the flowers. When in bloom, these irises exude a subtle yet delightful fragrance, adding another layer of appeal to their display. The color palette, combined with the delicate patterns on the petals, makes Iris 'Harmony' an eye-catching feature in any garden setting, emblematic of the early beauty of spring.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Dwarf Iris, Harmony Iris, Netted Iris, Reticulated Iris

    • Common names

      Iris reticulata var. cyanea, Iridodictyum reticulatum, Xiphion reticulatum.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Dwarf Iris, like many other iris species, contains compounds that can be toxic when ingested. The plant, especially its rhizomes (underground stems), can contain irisin, iridin, or irisine. If parts of the Dwarf Iris are consumed, it could lead to symptoms such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. There are also risks of skin irritation from handling the plant. It is important for individuals to avoid ingesting any part of the plant and to wash hands after handling it to prevent unwanted symptoms.

    • To pets

      The Dwarf Iris also poses a risk to pets if ingested. The plant's toxins, which include irisin, iridin, and irisine, primarily found in the rhizomes but also in the leaves and flowers, can cause gastrointestinal upset in animals. Symptoms of Dwarf Iris poisoning in pets could include drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, ingestion could lead to more significant digestive tract irritation or even damage. Therefore, it is vital to keep pets away from Dwarf Iris to prevent potential poisoning.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-6 inches (10-15 cm)

    • Spread

      3 inches (7.5 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      Middle East


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Early Bloomer: Flowers in late winter or early spring, providing early-season color when most plants are dormant.
    • Attracts Pollinators: Bees and other beneficial insects are drawn to its flowers, aiding in the pollination of other plants.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established, making it an easy addition for gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Drought Tolerant: Once established, it can tolerate periods of low water, making it suitable for xeriscaping or water-wise gardens.
    • Cold Hardy: Can survive and thrive in colder climates, making it versatile for a range of geographic locations.
    • Compact Size: Small stature makes it suitable for borders, rock gardens, or container plantings where space is limited.
    • Decorative: The distinct blue-purple flowers and patterned foliage add aesthetic appeal to garden landscapes.
    • Naturalizing: Tends to spread and fill in areas over time, creating a more filled-in appearance in the garden.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Photography Subject: Iris 'Harmony’, with its vibrant colors and intricate patterns, serves as an excellent subject for photographers, especially those specializing in botanical and close-up photography.
    • Botanical Illustration: This iris variety is often used as a subject for botanical illustrators who capture its detailed form and color in watercolor, pencils, or other media.
    • Educational Tool: Botany teachers might use Iris 'Harmony' to demonstrate plant anatomy, focusing on the unique structure of iris flowers and their reproductive parts.
    • Perfumery: Although not commonly used for their fragrance, some iris species have scents that might be captured and used as inspiration for creating perfumes or scented products.
    • Artistic Inspiration: The striking blue-purple hue and elegant form of Iris 'Harmony' serve as inspiration for artists and designers, influencing color palettes and patterns in various art forms.
    • Symbolic Gift: Due to their early spring bloom, these irises can symbolize hope and compliments, making them a thoughtful gift for occasions that call for a message of rebirth or new beginnings.
    • Theme Gardens: Iris 'Harmony' can be used to create thematic garden displays, such as 'cool color' gardens that feature a range of blue and purple flowers, or 'spring bulb' gardens.
    • Culinary Presentation: While not consumed, the striking appearance of Iris 'Harmony' can be used as a non-toxic garnish to embellish and add color to culinary dishes.
    • Wedding Decor: Iris 'Harmony' with its early spring presence, can be used as part of floral decorations for spring weddings, providing fresh and lively blooms that complement a range of color schemes.
    • Floral Language and Communication: In the language of flowers, iris can represent wisdom, hope, and trust, and giving a bouquet with Iris 'Harmony' can be a way to communicate these sentiments without words.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Iris is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Iris is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Faith - The iris often represents faith, holding a strong association with belief and trust.
    • Hope - With its early spring blooming, irises can symbolize hope and the belief in new beginnings.
    • Wisdom - In some cultures, the iris is a symbol of wisdom and valued for its perceived intelligence and knowledge.
    • Valor - Historically, the iris symbolizes valor and bravery, particularly in its role within heraldry and classic emblems.
    • Royalty - The iris, especially the deep purple varieties, often represents royalty and an air of nobility and regality.

Every 2-3 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 3-4 years
Early Autumn
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Dwarf Iris should be watered moderately during its growing season, ensuring the soil is kept moist but not waterlogged. It's best to provide about 1 inch of water per week, either through rainfall or manual watering. During the dormant period after flowering, reduce watering significantly, allowing the soil to dry out before watering lightly if necessary. Be careful not to overwater as this can lead to bulb rot. Use a watering can or hose with a gentle spray to avoid displacing the soil around the bulbs.

  • sunLight

    Dwarf Iris thrives in full sun to partial shade. The ideal spot for planting is an area that receives direct sunlight for at least 6 hours each day. However, they can tolerate some light afternoon shade, particularly in hotter climates. Avoid deeply shaded areas as insufficient light can lead to poor flowering.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dwarf Iris prefers cooler to moderate temperatures, with an ideal range between 35°F and 70°F. They can tolerate temperatures down to about 14°F and should be planted in fall before the ground freezes for spring blooms. These irises are not suited for extremely hot climates, especially if temperatures frequently exceed 80°F during their growth period.

  • scissorsPruning

    Dwarf Iris does not require extensive pruning, but spent flowers should be removed to maintain a tidy appearance and prevent energy going into seed production. After flowering, cut back the stems to just above ground level. The plant foliage should be left to die back naturally as it provides the necessary energy to the bulbs for the next growing season. Proper pruning includes removing any damaged or diseased foliage as needed.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Dwarf Iris 'Harmony' prefers well-draining soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. A mixture of sandy loam, peat, and a small amount of compost or well-rotted manure is ideal to provide the necessary nutrients and drainage.

  • plantRepotting

    Dwarf Iris 'Harmony' generally does not need frequent repotting and can be left undisturbed for several years. They should be repotted only when the clumps become overcrowded, typically every 3 to 5 years.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Dwarf Iris 'Harmony' is tolerant of a wide range of humidity levels but prefers average humidity conditions. It is essential not to create overly humid conditions as this can promote fungal diseases.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Dwarf Iris ‘Harmony’ near a sunny window and ensure good ventilation for indoor growth.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-drained soil, full sun to part shade, water moderately.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Iris 'Harmony', commonly known as Dwarf Iris, begins its life as a bulb planted in the fall, before the first frost. The bulb remains dormant throughout the winter, with cold temperatures stimulating the biochemical processes needed for spring growth. In early spring, typically late winter to early spring depending on the climate, foliage begins to emerge, soon followed by a single flower stalk bearing the distinctive, colorful flowers. After flowering, which happens in late winter to early spring, the plant stores energy in the bulb as the leaves photosynthesize for several weeks. Once the leaves yellow and wither by early summer, the plant enters a period of dormancy again. The bulb can then be left in the ground to naturalize or be divided and replanted to propagate new plants.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early Autumn

    • The Iris 'Harmony', also known as the Dwarf Iris, is commonly propagated by dividing its bulbs. The best time for this method is late summer to early fall, after the leaves have yellowed and died back, signaling the plant's dormancy. To propagate, carefully dig up the clumps of bulbs and gently separate them by hand. Each bulb should have a portion of the root system attached. Replant the bulbs at a depth of about 4 inches (10 centimeters), spaced approximately 3 inches (around 7.5 centimeters) apart, in well-draining soil and a location that receives full sun to part shade. Water the new plantings thoroughly to encourage root development. This form of division allows the plant to rejuvenate and can help prevent overcrowding, which can lead to diminished flowering.