Transylvanian Liverwort Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence' (d)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
large blue hepatica 'Elison Spence'


Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence', commonly known as simply Hepatica, features a charming appearance that captivates gardeners and plant enthusiasts alike. This particular variety boasts delicate blooms that present a lovely shade of blue or violet. Its flowers are notable for their slightly rounded petals that emerge in a showy display above the foliage. These blossoms cluster at the end of slender stems, giving the flowers a poised and perky presentation as they nod gently in the breeze. Beneath the flowers, the plant's foliage creates an attractive ground of greenery throughout the growing season. The leaves of the Hepatica are intricately shaped, with a trio of lobes that might remind one of a liver, which is where the common name of this genus is derived from. These leaves often have a leathery texture and can exhibit hints of purple or bronze, especially when younger or when exposed to cooler temperatures. Moreover, the leaves persist through winter, providing year-round interest to the garden. The foliage serves as a lush backdrop to the springtime blossoms, making Hepatica 'Elison Spence' a prized specimen for its ornamental value. Its delightful floral display and charming foliage create a picturesque scene, making it a beloved choice for woodland gardens, rock gardens, and shaded borders where its pleasing form can be appreciated.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Transylvanian Liverleaf, Carpathian Hepatica

    • Common names

      Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Hepatica, also known as liverleaf or liverwort, does not have a well-documented profile for toxicity towards humans. There are no commonly reported symptoms of poisoning from ingesting this plant. However, as with any plant not traditionally recognized as food, caution should be exercised due to potential individual allergies or irritations. If someone ingests part of the plant and experiences adverse reactions, they should seek medical attention.

    • To pets

      Liverleaf is not known to be significantly toxic to pets, including cats and dogs. There's limited information on any potential toxicity, and it's generally considered to be of low toxicity to household pets. However, ingestion might still lead to mild stomach upset or vomiting due to plant compounds or individual sensitivity. If a pet ingests liverleaf and shows signs of distress, consult a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      6 inches (15 cm)

    • Spread

      12 inches (30 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Adds aesthetic appeal – Hepatica adds visual interest to gardens with its vibrant flowers and attractive foliage.
    • Supports biodiversity – By providing nectar, it helps support local pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
    • Landscape versatility – It can be used in rock gardens, woodland settings, and as groundcover due to its compact size.
    • Low maintenance – Requires minimal care once established, making it suitable for gardeners of all levels.
    • Seasonal interest – Offers early spring blooms when few other plants are flowering.
    • Drought tolerance – Once established, it can withstand periods of dry weather, reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Hardy nature – Hepatica is resilient in the face of cold temperatures, surviving in chilly climates with little protection.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Hepatica can be used in sensory gardens due to its textured leaves and vibrant blooms which can add a tactile and visual experience for visitors.
    • The flowers of the Hepatica can be used in floral art, such as pressing for bookmarks or card decorations, due to their distinctive and colorful appearance.
    • A ground cover in shaded woodland gardens, Hepatica can provide early spring blooms before canopy leaves fully emerge, offering a brief show of color in an otherwise dormant landscape.
    • Hepatica can be included in fairy gardens for their whimsical appearance that complements miniature settings and fantasy-themed garden designs.
    • In eco-friendly gardening practices, Hepatica can be planted to support early-spring pollinators such as bees that are searching for their first nectar sources.
    • Liverleaf can be used in educational settings such as school gardens to teach children about early spring blooming plants and pollination.
    • This plant can be utilized in photographic compositions, especially macro photography, thanks to its visually appealing blooms and intricate leaf patterns.
    • Liverleaf can be employed in conservation projects as it is a native species in certain regions and can help maintain local biodiversity.
    • In small container gardens, Hepatica can add early spring interest with its compact growth habit and early bloom times.
    • Hepatica's varying shades can be used in color theory studies in art and design classes, showcasing how natural hues can inspire creativity.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Liverleaf is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Liverleaf is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: The Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence', commonly known as Transylvania liverleaf, often blooms early in spring, even through snow, symbolizing the ability to endure and recover from hardships.
    • Hope: As an early spring bloomer, the Transylvania liverleaf is seen as a sign of hope and the promise of new beginnings, as it heralds the arrival of the new season.
    • Protection: In folklore, liverleaf plants, in general, were thought to have protective qualities, particularly because their leaves have a liver-like shape, which historically linked them to the liver and to the strength and protection of one's health.
    • Longevity: Hepatica plants are known for their longevity and the persistence of their leaves throughout the year, which makes the Transylvania liverleaf emblematic of enduring life and perseverance.

Every 2-3 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Transylvania liverleaf, commonly known as Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence', should be watered moderately, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, which may vary from once a week to every other week depending on environmental conditions. Use water at room temperature to avoid shocking the plant's roots. In terms of quantity, providing about 8-16 ounces of water per watering session is a good guideline, but always adjust based on the plant's response and the moisture level of the soil.

  • sunLight

    Transylvania liverleaf thrives in partial shade to light shade conditions. The ideal spot for this plant is somewhere that receives dappled sunlight or bright, indirect light for a few hours a day. Avoid placing it in full, direct sunlight as this can cause the leaves to scorch.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Transylvania liverleaf prefers cooler temperatures, ideally between 50°F and 70°F. It can withstand minimum temperatures down to around 30°F but should be protected from hard frosts. During the hot summer months, ensure it is kept in a cooler, shaded area to avoid heat stress.

  • scissorsPruning

    Transylvania liverleaf requires minimal pruning. The main reason to prune is to remove dead or damaged foliage, which can be done as needed. The best time to prune is in the spring after blooming or in the autumn when the plant is preparing for dormancy. This light pruning helps maintain a tidy appearance and encourages healthy growth.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Hepatica, commonly known as liverleaf, thrives in a well-draining soil mix with high organic content, such as a blend of leaf mold, loam, and perlite. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral pH levels, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0. The best soil mix supports its need for moisture while avoiding water-logged conditions.

  • plantRepotting

    Liverleaf plants like Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence' should be repotted every two to three years. The best time to repot is after flowering in the spring when the plant is still in its active growth phase.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Liverleaf plants prefer a moderate to high humidity level, typically around 50-70%. They enjoy moist air which can be provided by a humidifier or by placing the pot on a tray of pebbles and water, ensuring the pot is not sitting directly in the water.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light and maintain high humidity.

    • Outdoor

      Part-shade location, protect from harsh elements in colder zones.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence', also known as Transylvanian Liverleaf, starts its life cycle with seed germination, which occurs in moist, well-drained soil in partial to full shade. After germination, the seedling grows into a rosette of leaves which are retained year-round. The plant reaches maturity and begins flowering in early spring, producing delicate blooms that range from white to pink or blue. Following pollination, typically by early-spring insects, the flowers develop into small dry fruits, each containing several seeds. Once seeds are dispersed by wind or wildlife, they find suitable ground to germinate and the cycle begins anew. Throughout the year, the plant goes through periods of growth and dormancy, adapting to the changing seasons.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Hepatica transsilvanica 'Elison Spence', commonly known as Transylvanian Liverleaf, can be propagated most effectively by division, which is best undertaken in the fall after the plant has flowered and begun to go dormant. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the clump of plants, ensuring a good amount of soil is kept around the roots to minimize disturbance. Gently tease apart the individual crowns, each with a portion of the root system, using your hands or a suitable tool if necessary. Once separated, replant the divisions promptly at the same depth they were growing before and water them well, providing an inch (25.4 mm) of water to help establish the plants. This method allows the newly propagated plants to acclimate during the cooler months and resume growth with vigor in the spring.