Cadillac Pear Pyrus communis 'Catillac' (C)
The common name for Pyrus communis 'Catillac' is the Cadillac Pear. It is known for its ornamental value and the distinctive presence it brings to landscapes. This plant produces a dense canopy of broad green leaves that have a glossy texture, each leaf elegantly shaped with a slight point at the tip and subtle veining. During the blooming season, the plant is adorned with a profusion of white flowers that provide a delightful contrast against the lush foliage. When the flowering period ends, the Cadillac Pear develops into very hard, large fruits. These pears are typically not consumed fresh due to their hard texture; they are better suited for culinary uses such as baking or making preserves. The Cadillac Pear has a robust and sturdy trunk that supports the spread of its branches. The bark of the trunk is textured and has a grey-brown color that adds to the overall aesthetic of the plant. The structure of the plant is such that it provides a solid framework for both the foliage and the fruit, making it a standout specimen in any garden space where it is planted.
About this plant
Pyrus communis 'Catillac'.
The plant in question, commonly known as Pear, is generally considered safe for human consumption. The fruit is widely eaten, and there are no significant toxic substances present in the ripe fruit that would pose a health risk to humans. However, like many fruit trees, the seeds of the Pear contain amygdalin, which can degrade into hydrogen cyanide when ingested. Eating extremely large quantities of seeds could potentially lead to cyanide poisoning, though such cases are exceptionally rare due to the amount of seeds one would have to consume. Symptoms of cyanide poisoning from seed ingestion include headache, confusion, nausea, and potential respiratory failure in very severe cases.
Pear trees, known simply as Pear for pets, are not commonly associated with toxicity to pets such as dogs and cats. The ripe fruit flesh is generally safe for pets to eat in moderation. However, as with humans, the seeds can contain amygdalin, which can convert to hydrogen cyanide when metabolized. While pets are not likely to consume large enough quantities of seeds to cause serious issues, ingestion of a significant number of Pear seeds could potentially lead to cyanide poisoning in pets. Signs of poisoning can include dilated pupils, difficulty breathing, panting, and shock. It is unlikely that a pet would ingest enough seeds for this to become a critical issue, but it is a potential risk if large amounts of seeds are eaten.
Color of leaves
15 feet (4.57 meters)
15 feet (4.57 meters)
- General Benefits
- Ornamental Value: The Catillac pear is grown for its decorative appeal, featuring beautiful spring blossoms and striking fall foliage.
- Shade Providing: Large, mature Catillac pear trees can provide considerable shade in gardens and parks.
- Wildlife Attraction: The tree's flowers attract pollinators, while the fruit is a food source for birds and other wildlife.
- Longevity: Pear trees such as Catillac can live for many decades, offering long-term landscaping benefits.
- Drought Resistance: Once established, Catillac pear trees can tolerate periods of dry weather.
- Culinary Uses: Although Catillac pears are not commonly eaten fresh, they are suitable for cooking and making preserves.
- Wood Production: Pear wood is valued for various uses, including woodworking and as a fuel for smoking food.
- Medical Properties
- This plant is not used for medical purposes.
- Air-purifying Qualities
This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.
- Other Uses
- The pear wood from the European pear can be used for high-quality woodwind instruments due to its dense, fine grain.
- Because of its hardness and fine texture, wood from the European pear is valued for making wood engravings and woodcuts for printmaking.
- Artisans often select pear wood for creating intricate carvings, including sculptures and decorative items, as the wood has a smooth finish.
- The wood is also appreciated by furniture makers for its durability and aesthetic appeal, particularly in the creation of veneers and inlays.
- Culinary artists sometimes use the leaves of the European pear to create ornamental plating decorations or as natural wraps during cooking for a subtle flavor infusion.
- Branches from the European pear are sometimes used in floral arrangements as an accent piece because of their attractive form and foliage.
- European pear trees can serve as a habitat and food source for a variety of wildlife, including birds and beneficial insects.
- The tree can be grown as a part of a living fence or hedgerow, utilizing its dense foliage for privacy and windbreak purposes.
- In some regions, the fruit is processed into vinegar or used as a base for fruit spirits and liquors due to its fermentable sugars.
- The dried wood of the European pear tree is valued as a high-quality firewood, burning slowly with a pleasant aromatic scent.
- Feng Shui
The Pear tree is not used in Feng Shui practice.
- Zodiac Sign Compitability
The Pear tree is not used in astrology practice.
- Plant Symbolism
- Longevity: Pear trees, in general, are known for their longevity, often living for many decades. Consequently, giving someone a pear tree or its fruit, such as the Pear 'Catillac', symbolizes wishes for a long and healthy life.
- Abundance and Fertility: The pear is a fruitful tree and its generous produce is often associated with abundance. Its blossoms in springtime also make it a symbol of fertility and renewal.
- Love and Affection: In some cultures, pears are seen as a symbol of affection and love. This may be due to their sweet taste and the heart shape that the fruit sometimes assumes when cut in half.
- Peace: Historically, the pear has been seen as a symbol of peace, possibly because it is a fruit that has been enjoyed by people for centuries without the historical baggage of conflict-associated symbolism.
For the Pear tree 'Catillac' variety, it is essential to water deeply but infrequently to encourage strong root development. Young trees should be watered every week with about 2 gallons per inch of trunk diameter, while established trees typically require less frequent watering. During the growing season, provide about 1 to 2 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation. During periods of drought or extreme heat, increase watering slightly, but be cautious not to over-water as Pear trees are sensitive to waterlogged soils. Reduce watering as the tree goes dormant in winter, ensuring the soil remains only slightly moist.
Pear trees, including the 'Catillac' variety, thrive best in full sun. They require at least six hours of direct sunlight daily to produce a good fruit crop and maintain healthy growth. Select a location free from tall buildings or other trees that may cast shade, as insufficient light can reduce fruit production and negatively impact the overall health of the tree.
Pear trees, including the 'Catillac' cultivar, are hardy and can survive winter temperatures as low as -20°F, though they prefer the temperature range between 35°F and 85°F for optimal growth. The ideal temperature for this variety during the fruit ripening period is between 65°F and 75°F. Prolonged exposure to temperatures over 90°F may affect the tree's health and fruit quality.
Prune Pear trees such as the 'Catillac' to remove dead or diseased branches, to shape the tree, and to allow sunlight to penetrate the canopy, which is crucial for fruit production. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring when the tree is still dormant. Aim to remove no more than a quarter of the tree's canopy in a single season to avoid shocking the tree. Thinning out crowded branches every year helps to maintain a healthy structure and promote a bountiful crop.
Pear trees like the 'Catillac' cultivar require well-draining soil rich in organic matter with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. A good mix would include loamy soil, compost, and aged manure to improve fertility and structure. Mulching helps retain moisture and protect roots.
Pear trees such as the 'Catillac' variety are typically not repotted as they are grown outdoors. They can be transplanted during dormancy if necessary.
- Humidity & Misting
'Catillac' pear trees are adaptable but prefer moderate humidity levels; they don't require specific humidity adjustments when grown outdoors.
- Suitable locations
Not suitable for indoor growing; needs outdoor conditions.
Plant in full sun, well-draining soil; space trees 15-20 ft apart.
- Life cycle
The Pyrus communis 'Catillac', commonly known as the Common Pear or Cadillac Pear, begins its life as a seed, which germinates in suitable environmental conditions with adequate warmth and moisture. The seedling emerges and develops into a young tree through vegetative growth, forming a root system and young shoots that eventually develop leaves and branches. After a few years, the pear tree reaches maturity and starts its reproductive phase, where it produces flowers usually in early spring; these flowers, following pollination by insects or wind, will develop into fruit. The fruits mature typically by late summer or autumn, after which they can be harvested; they are known for being cooking pears rather than eating fresh. Once the fruit is harvested or falls to the ground, the seeds within may be dispersed by various means such as animals or gravity, potentially leading to the growth of new trees if conditions are favorable. As a perennial, the Cadillac Pear tree goes through cycles of growth, flowering, and fruiting each year for many years, often living several decades or even centuries if conditions allow.
Late winter - early spring
The most popular method for propagating Pyrus communis 'Catillac', commonly known as the Cadillac Pear, is via grafting. This process usually takes place in late winter or early spring, just before the growing season begins. In grafting, a piece of stem containing buds from a desirable Cadillac Pear is joined onto the rootstock of a compatible pear variety. The stem piece, known as a scion, is carefully cut at an angle to match a similar cut on the rootstock. The two are then bound tightly together, often with grafting tape, to ensure they stay in contact and can grow together, a process which can take several weeks. Grafting ensures that the new trees will bear fruit identical to the parent Cadillac Pear tree, maintaining its specific characteristics.