Przewalski's Ligularia Ligularia przewalskii

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Przewalski's golden ray


Ligularia przewalskii, commonly known as the Leopard Plant, boasts a distinctive and ornamental appearance. This perennial plant flaunts a cluster of large, dark green leaves that have a deeply toothed margin, giving them a jagged edge. The leaves are often heart-shaped or kidney-shaped, providing a lush, textured backdrop for its standout feature, the floral display. During blooming season, the Leopard Plant produces tall, spike-like clusters of small, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers. These golden blossoms are arranged in a narrow, elongated cluster at the top of a sturdy flower stalk, rising prominently above the foliage. The contrast between the dark foliage and the bright flowers creates a striking visual impact in garden settings. The blooms are not only eye-catching but also attract a variety of pollinators, including bees and butterflies, adding movement and interest to the display. The overall aesthetic of the Leopard Plant is one that can add dramatic flair to any garden, with its combination of bold foliage and radiant flowers. The plant’s visual impact makes it a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a touch of the exotic to their garden palette.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Przewalski's Ligularia, Chinese Ragwort, Leopard Plant.

    • Common names

      Ligularia przewalskii has no synonyms for its scientific name; therefore, the basic scientific name is provided: Ligularia przewalskii.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Przewalski's Ligularia contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which can be toxic to humans if ingested in significant quantities. Chronic consumption or ingestion of large amounts of these alkaloids can lead to liver damage and failure, along with pulmonary hypertension and other serious health issues. Symptoms of pyrrolizidine alkaloid poisoning may include weakness, digestive disturbances, liver enlargement, and jaundice. While occasional contact or ingestion is unlikely to cause harm, repeated exposure should be avoided due to cumulative effects.

    • To pets

      Przewalski's Ligularia is toxic to pets due to the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids in its tissues. If pets consume parts of the plant, they may experience symptoms similar to those in humans, including liver damage, jaundice, weakness, and digestive issues. In severe cases, chronic exposure to these alkaloids can lead to serious health problems or even death. It is important to prevent pets from ingesting this plant to avoid potential toxicity.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-4 feet (0.9-1.2 meters)

    • Spread

      2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Adds a dramatic appearance to gardens with its tall, spiky flowers and large, toothed leaves.
    • Shade Gardening: Thrives in partial to full shade, making it an excellent choice for shaded areas where other plants may struggle.
    • Moisture-Loving: Ideal for planting in damp conditions or alongside water features such as ponds and streams.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The bright yellow flowers attract bees and butterflies, aiding in the pollination of surrounding plants.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established, making it suitable for gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Perennial Growth: Returns each year with proper care, providing a long-lasting addition to the garden.
    • Combats Soil Erosion: Can help stabilize soil in moist, shaded areas, reducing erosion.
    • Seasonal Interest: Offers vibrant foliage in the spring and summer, with flower spikes adding interest in late summer to autumn.
    • Companion Planting: Works well with other shade-loving plants to create a lush, layered garden design.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: Ligularia przewalskii has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to reduce inflammation.
    • Hepatoprotective: It is believed to have properties that help protect the liver.
    • Antioxidant: The plant contains compounds that are thought to have antioxidant effects.
    • Antimicrobial: Some studies suggest that extracts from Ligularia przewalskii may have antimicrobial activity against certain pathogens.
    • Antipyretic: It has been used traditionally to help reduce fever.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Ligularia przewalskii, commonly known as "Leopard Plant", can be used as a natural dye for fabrics, yielding colors from its leaves and stems.
    • The leaves of Leopard Plant can be artistically pressed and used in botanical prints or nature-inspired art projects.
    • The sap from the stem may be used as a natural glue in small-scale or emergency situations, though its adhesive properties may be weaker than commercial glues.
    • Leopard Plant can be included in themed gardens such as 'prehistoric' or 'dinosaur' gardens to emulate the vegetation of ancient times due to its large, dramatic leaves.
    • The robust leaves of the Leopard Plant can be used as natural, biodegradable plates or wrappers for outdoor dining experiences.
    • Stalks of the Leopard Plant can be used as stakes for supporting other plants in the garden, taking advantage of their sturdy nature when dried.
    • The Leopard Plant's distinctive foliage can serve as an inspiration for designers and artists, particularly in creating patterns for textiles or wallpaper.
    • In educational settings, the plant can be used to teach students about plant biology and propagation through division or seed collection.
    • During Halloween, the unique and shadow-casting leaves of the Leopard Plant can be incorporated into garden displays for a spooky effect.
    • The plant can be used to create natural barriers or living fences in gardens, given its height and dense growth habit.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Leopard Plant is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Leopard Plant is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: Ligularia przewalskii, commonly known as "Przewalski's ligularia," often grows in harsh conditions and can survive with little water, representing the ability to endure and persist through difficult times.
    • Transformation: The plant's ability to change from unassuming foliage to vibrant flowers symbolizes transformation and the idea that beauty can emerge from the ordinary.
    • Adaptation: As Przewalski's ligularia can adapt to various environments, it symbolizes flexibility and the capacity to thrive in different conditions.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Leopard Plant prefers consistently moist soil, so it is important to water it regularly. During the growing season, which is spring through fall, you should water approximately once a week, giving the plant about 1 to 1.5 gallons of water each time. During the winter, reduce watering to every other week with just enough water to prevent the soil from drying out completely. Ensure the plant has good drainage as it does not like to be waterlogged.

  • sunLight

    The Leopard Plant thrives in partial shade to full shade conditions. The best spot for this plant is an area that receives filtered sunlight or morning sun and afternoon shade. Direct afternoon sun should be avoided as it can scorch the leaves and lead to stress on the plant.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Leopard Plants prefer cooler temperatures and can suffer in hot weather. They can survive in temperatures as low as 30 degrees Fahrenheit but prefer a range of 50 to 70 degrees for optimal growth. Exposing the plant to temperatures above 80 degrees Fahrenheit should be avoided, as it can cause stress and potential damage to the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune the Leopard Plant to remove any dead or damaged leaves and to shape the plant, which encourages healthy growth. The best time for pruning is in the spring before new growth begins. You may also prune after flowering to tidy up the plant. Pruning should be done annually or as needed to maintain the plant's appearance and health.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Leopard plant (Ligularia przewalskii) thrives in a soil mix that is rich in organic matter, well-draining yet moisture-retentive. A mix of peat, compost, and perlite or vermiculite is suitable. This plant prefers a soil pH of 5.5 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Leopard plant should generally be repotted every 2 to 3 years to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth. It's best done in the spring just before new growth begins.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Leopard plant prefers high humidity levels, ideally between 60% to 70%. Consistent moisture in the air is important for this plant's lush foliage but avoid overly wet conditions that can lead to fungal diseases.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide shade, moist soil, and high humidity for indoor Leopard plants.

    • Outdoor

      In shade or part sun, keep soil moist for healthy outdoor Leopard plants.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Ligularia przewalskii, commonly known as Przewalski's Goldenray, begins its life cycle as a seed that germinates in moist, well-drained soil typically in the spring. After germination, the seedling emerges and grows into a rosette of large, kidney-shaped basal leaves. As the plant matures, it develops a tall flowering stalk, up to 6 feet in height, which bears bright yellow, daisy-like flowers in mid to late summer. Pollination occurs through insects, after which the flowers produce seeds that are dispersed by wind or gravity. Following seed set, the plant often enters a period of dormancy during cold winter months. Przewalski's Goldenray completes its perennial cycle by resuming vegetative growth in the following spring, possibly expanding through clonal propagation from root growth in addition to seed germination.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Propogation: The most popular method of propagation for Ligularia przewalskii, commonly known as Leopard Plant, is by division of its clumps. This is typically done in the spring as new growth begins, which provides the plants time to establish before the onset of cooler temperatures. To propagate by division, carefully dig up the plant, making sure to keep a good amount of soil around the roots. Using a sharp spade or knife, divide the clump into smaller sections, each with several shoots and a portion of the root system. Replant the divisions at the same depth they were originally growing, spacing them about 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 centimeters) apart to allow for growth. Water the new divisions well to help them establish. This method of propagation is fairly straightforward and helps rejuvenate older plants that may have become too large or crowded.