Snow Crocus Crocus minimus

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
pygmy crocus


Crocus minimus, known as the snow crocus, is a charming early spring blooming plant that is cherished for its delightful flowers. The appearance of this plant is characterized primarily by its vibrant and showy flowers which are typically shaped like a cup or chalice. The petals of the crocus minimus are delicate and can come in an array of colors including purples, lilacs, whites, and sometimes variegated with deep veins or brushes of contrasting colors. The interior of the flowers often features bright, often yellow, stamen which provides a striking contrast against the petals. The foliage of the snow crocus is slender, grass-like, and dark green, often with a silvery stripe running through the center which provides an interesting texture to the garden even when the plant is not in bloom. The leaves emerge from the base of the plant, typically in a clumping manner, complementing the flowers that rise just above them. Overall, the visual charm of the Crocus minimus is in its simplicity and the splash of color it brings after the winter months, signaling the arrival of spring. Its ability to naturalize and create swathes of color makes it an attractive choice for temperate gardens, rockeries, and for naturalizing in lawns.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Early Crocus, Snow Crocus

    • Common names

      Crocus minimus.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Crocus minimus, commonly known as Snow Crocus, is not widely recognized for its toxicity to humans. There are no significant reports of poisonings or adverse reactions in the medical literature. However, as with any plant, individual allergies and sensitivities may exist, so it's always prudent to handle plants with care and avoid ingestion unless they are known to be edible. If any part of the plant is accidentally ingested and adverse symptoms develop, medical attention should be sought.

    • To pets

      Snow Crocus (Crocus minimus) is also not known for being particularly toxic to pets. However, pets may sometimes react differently to plants than humans. While there is no widespread documentation of toxicity in the scientific community specific to this species, precaution should still be exercised to prevent pets from ingesting this or any other ornamental plant. If a pet does consume part of a Snow Crocus and begins to show signs of illness, such as vomiting, diarrhea, or unusual behavior, it is important to consult a veterinarian promptly.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3-6 inches (7.62-15.24 cm)

    • Spread

      2-4 inches (5.08-10.16 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Garden aesthetics: Crocus minimus, commonly known as Early Crocus, adds splashes of color to spring gardens with its vibrant blooms.
    • Pollinator attraction: The flowers of the Early Crocus serve as an early food source for bees and other pollinators emerging in spring.
    • Low maintenance: It requires minimal care once established, making it an excellent choice for both novice and experienced gardeners.
    • Naturalizing: This Crocus species can spread and naturalize over time, creating beautiful drifts of color in the landscape.
    • Cold hardiness: Crocus minimus is cold-tolerant, making it suitable for gardens in cooler climates.
    • Small space gardening: Due to its compact size, it is ideal for small gardens, rockeries, or containers.
    • Early bloom: As an early bloomer, it provides garden interest at the end of winter and the start of spring when few other plants are flowering.
    • Lawn enhancement: It can be planted in lawns for a stunning effect where grass and flowers coexist.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Art and Craft Inspiration: Crocus minimus can provide inspiration for artists and crafters with its unique coloration and form, influencing design elements in textiles, paintings, and decorative arts.
    • Garden Design: Due to its petite size and early bloom, Crocus minimus can be used to create intricate patterns or as borders in garden beds and walkways.
    • Photography Subject: Its vibrant blooms provide an excellent subject for photographers looking to capture the essence of spring in macro photography.
    • Educational Tool: Botany teachers and educators may use Crocus minimus as a live example to demonstrate plant life cycles and the transition of seasons to students.
    • Floral Arrangements: The small flowers can be used in delicate floral arrangements or as a part of wedding boutonnieres and corsages for spring events.
    • Color Indicator: Crocus minimus can be observed as a natural indicator of seasonal change, visibly signaling the arrival of spring with its flowers.
    • Culinary Presentation: While not edible, the bright flowers can be utilized as an organic decoration to embellish plates and garnish springtime dishes, enhancing the visual appeal.
    • Symbolism: In symbolic gardens or landscapes, Crocus minimus can represent rebirth and new beginnings due to its early flowering pattern.
    • Cultural Events: The plant can be incorporated into cultural celebrations of spring, such as festivals or fairs, to accentuate the theme of renewal and growth.
    • Wildlife Attraction: The early bloom of Crocus minimus provides an important source of nectar for pollinators, especially bees, that are active in early spring before many other flowers are available.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Crocus is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Crocus is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Hope: The crocus minimus is often a symbol of hope because it is one of the first flowers to bloom at the end of winter, signifying the coming of spring and new beginnings.
    • Youthful Gladness: Its delicate and vibrant flowers represent cheerfulness and joy often associated with youth.
    • Purity: The crocus is sometimes associated with purity due to its bright and clean appearance, emerging pristine from the cold ground.
    • Rebirth: As a spring-blooming flower, crocuses symbolize resurrection and the eternal cycle of life, which resonates with themes of rebirth in many cultures.
    • Attraction: Some legends consider crocus as a symbol of attraction and love, possibly due to its tender look and the fact that it heralds the rich and fertile spring season.

Every 2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    The Common Snow Crocus (Crocus minimus) requires moderate watering during its growing season in the fall and spring. The soil should be kept evenly moist but not waterlogged. Water them with approximately 16 ounces every 7 to 10 days, depending on the weather conditions. During the dormant period in summer, reduce watering significantly to prevent bulb rot. Always water at the base of the plant, avoiding wetting the foliage to minimize the risk of fungal diseases.

  • sunLight

    Snow Crocuses thrive best in full sun to partial shade conditions. They should be planted in a spot where they receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. However, they also tolerate dappled light beneath deciduous trees where they can enjoy the sun before the trees leaf out in the spring.

  • thermometerTemperature

    For Snow Crocuses, the ideal temperature range is between 35°F and 68°F. They can endure winter temperatures down to 15°F and are suitable for growing in USDA zones 3-8. These bulbs require a period of cold to initiate blooming, making them perfect for cooler climates.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Snow Crocuses is generally not needed. However, the removal of spent flowers can tidy up the plant's appearance. It's best to leave the foliage until it dies back naturally to allow the plant to store energy for the next growing season. The ideal time for cleanup is late spring or early summer when the leaves have yellowed.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Snow Crocus is well-draining and loamy, with the addition of sand or grit to enhance drainage. A slightly acidic to neutral pH of 6.0 to 7.0 is ideal for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Snow Crocus bulbs should be repotted every 3 to 5 years, preferably after the foliage has died down post-flowering, to rejuvenate the soil and divide clumps if necessary.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Snow Crocus prefers moderate humidity levels but as a hardy outdoor plant, it is adaptable to the ambient humidity of its growing environment without specific humidity requirements.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light with cool temperatures.

    • Outdoor

      Plant bulbs in well-drained soil with full sun to partial shade.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Crocus minimus, commonly known as Snow Crocus, begins its life as a corm, a bulb-like storage organ that remains dormant during summer. In autumn, the corm sends up leaves and a flowering stalk, typically blooming from late winter to early spring with small, cup-shaped, typically purple flowers. After pollination, the flowers produce capsules containing seeds that may disperse to grow into new plants. Once flowering and seed production have completed, the foliage dies back and the corm enters a period of dormancy through the hot summer months. Throughout its life cycle, the Snow Crocus requires periods of cold to initiate blooming. Over years, the corm can multiply, creating a clump of plants that will flower annually, assuming appropriate conditions are met.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • For the Crocus minimus, often referred to as the Small Crocus, propagation is most commonly achieved through dividing its corms. This process is typically carried out in the late summer, after the foliage has died back, allowing the corms a chance to rest before the next growing season. To propagate, gardeners should carefully dig up the corms and gently separate them by hand, ensuring each division has at least one growth point. These new corms can then be replanted immediately, about 3 to 4 inches (7.5 to 10 centimeters) deep and spaced around 3 inches (7.5 centimeters) apart, in well-draining soil with good sun exposure. Provided with these conditions, the Small Crocus will likely flourish and continue to naturalize, creating a vibrant early spring display.