Pyrenean fritillary Fritillaria pyrenaica

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
Pyrenean fritillary


F. pyrenaica is a perennial to 40cm, with narrow glaucous leaves scattered up the stem, and 1-2 broadly bell-shaped, brownish-purple flowers 2.5-3.5cm in length, glossy yellow or greenish inside, in late spring

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Pyrenean Fritillary, Pyrenean Snake's-head

    • Common names

      Fritillaria pyrenaica.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot [30 cm]

    • Spread

      6 inches [15 cm]

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Fritillaria pyrenaica, commonly known as Pyrenean fritillary, is valued for its unique bell-shaped flowers, which add aesthetic appeal to gardens and landscapes.
    • Biodiversity Support: As a native species in specific regions, it plays a role in supporting local ecosystems and biodiversity.
    • Attracts Pollinators: The flowers of the Pyrenean fritillary attract bees and other pollinators, which are essential for the pollination of many plants and crops.
    • Education and Research: This plant can be used in botanical studies to better understand alpine flora and plant adaptation in mountainous regions.
    • Cultural Significance: In some cultures, the Pyrenean fritillary may hold traditional significance and be part of the natural heritage of the region.
    • Conservation Indicator: The presence of Fritillaria pyrenaica may indicate a well-preserved habitat, serving as a marker for conservation efforts.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Fritillaria pyrenaica bulbs can be used as a source of starch for culinary purposes in survival situations, as they contain carbohydrates.
    • The striking appearance of Fritillaria pyrenaica makes it an effective ornamental plant for rock gardens, offering aesthetic value to gardeners.
    • Due to its unique bell-shaped flowers, Fritillaria pyrenaica can function as a specimen plant in botanical collections for educational purposes.
    • The plant can be utilized as a natural pest repellent in gardens, as some species of Fritillaria are known to deter moles and other rodents.
    • Fritillaria pyrenaica's dried seed capsules can be used in floral arrangements for their unique texture and form.
    • Eco-friendly dying agents can be produced from the purple pigments of Fritillaria pyrenaica's flowers, providing a natural color source for fabrics.
    • The plant acts as a biodiversity enhancer in gardens, attracting bees and other pollinators that are essential for the environment.
    • Photographers and artists may seek out Fritillaria pyrenaica for its photogenic qualities, adding it to still life compositions and botanical illustrations.
    • Seed saving enthusiasts may collect seeds from Fritillaria pyrenaica to preserve genetic diversity and propagate the species.
    • In crafting, the distinctive flowers of Fritillaria pyrenaica can inspire patterns and designs for textiles, wallpapers, and other decorative items.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Pyrenean Lily is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Pyrenean Lily is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Perseverance: Fritillaria pyrenaica often grows in challenging mountain environments, symbolizing the ability to thrive against the odds.
    • Mystery: With its nodding flowers and unique patterning, this plant embodies the concept of mystery and intrigue.
    • Grace under Pressure: The delicate appearance of the flowers juxtaposed with its rugged habitat suggests poise and elegance even in difficult circumstances.
    • Royalty: The bell-shaped blossoms and subtle colors often link them with nobility and class.
    • Uniqueness: Pyrenean Fritillary's distinctive flower pattern can represent individuality and the beauty of being different.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-early summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Pyrenean Fritillary should be watered moderately during its growing season, which is typically in the spring when it is not dormant. Water the plant once a week, providing about a half-gallon of water each time. Ensure the soil is moist but not waterlogged as overwatering can cause bulb rot. During the summer dormancy, reduce watering to encourage the plant to rest. It's essential to resume regular watering once you notice new growth in the following spring.

  • sunLight

    The Pyrenean Fritillary thrives best in partial shade or dappled sunlight. It should be planted in a spot that mimics its native habitat, such as under deciduous trees where it can benefit from bright light without direct, harsh sunlight. Too much sun can scorch the leaves, while too little can inhibit flowering.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Pyrenean Fritillary prefers cooler climates and thrives in temperatures ranging from 40 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The bulbs require a period of winter chill to bloom properly and can survive in temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit. However, prolonged exposure below this threshold may harm the plant. The ideal conditions are an environment that simulates its mountainous native terrain, including the cool nights and temperate days.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning is not typically necessary for the Pyrenean Fritillary as it is a bulbous plant. However, after blooming, you can remove the flower stalks, leaving the foliage to die back naturally. This allows the plant to redirect energy back into the bulb for the next season. The best time for any cleanup of spent foliage and stalks is in late summer, only when they have yellowed and withered away on their own.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Pyrenean Fritillary thrives in well-drained, loamy soil with a mix of sand, compost, and leaf mold. The ideal pH for this soil mix should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Pyrenean Fritillary bulbs should be repotted every two to three years to refresh the soil and accommodate bulb growth. It's best to repot after the foliage has died back.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Pyrenean Fritillary does best in moderate humidity levels common in mountainous regions. Slightly higher humidity levels mimic its natural habitat, but stagnant, damp air should be avoided.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide bright light and cool temperatures for indoor Pyrenean Fritillary.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in part shade, well-drained soil; shield from harsh midday sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of Pyrenean Fritillary (Fritillaria pyrenaica) begins with seed germination which occurs in late spring to early summer, and requires a period of cold stratification to break dormancy. The germinated seeds give rise to a small bulb, which initially produces only a single leaf but will develop into a mature bulb after a few years. Once mature, the bulb sends up a flower stem in late spring, typically bearing a single bell-shaped, brownish-purple flower marked with yellow. After pollination by insects, the flower develops into a capsule containing seeds that are dispersed by wind or gravity. The plant then goes into a period of dormancy during the summer, with the bulb lying inactive underground. In the subsequent growing seasons, the plant continues this cycle, with the bulb growing larger and potentially producing more stems and flowers.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • Fritillaria pyrenaica, commonly known as Pyrenean fritillary, is often propagated from bulbs, which is the most popular method. The best time to plant the bulbs is in the fall, ideally when the temperatures start to cool down but before the ground freezes. This timing allows the bulbs to establish roots before the winter. Gardeners should plant the bulbs at a depth of about 3 inches (approximately 7.5 centimeters) in well-drained soil, with the pointed end facing upwards. It is important to space the bulbs about 3-4 inches (7.5-10 centimeters) apart to give each bulb enough room to grow. The bulbs require a period of cold dormancy to bloom in the spring successfully, and once planted, they will generally require little additional care other than ensuring the soil remains moist but not waterlogged.