Rose Rosa City of London = 'Harukfore' (F)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Hard-care
rose [City of London]


The Rosa City of London, commonly referred to as a rose, is known for its enchanting appearance which captivates many garden enthusiasts. This particular variety boasts flowers that are full and lush, often characterized by a multitude of layered petals that come together to form a classic rosette shape. The blooms are usually a smooth, soft pink, exuding a sense of delicate beauty and traditional rose charm. Each flower is cradled by a set of green, leafy sepals at the base which gently taper off to points, providing a lovely contrast to the softness of the petals. The foliage of this rose is a rich, deep green, which serves as a perfect backdrop to the showy flowers. Leaves are typically glossy, with a slightly leathery texture, and are arranged alternately along the thorny stems. Each leaf is comprised of smaller leaflets, which are often oval-shaped with serrated edges, creating an elegant texture throughout the plant. The thorns, a characteristic feature of rose plants, are found along the stems, providing both a protective element and a support structure for the plant. This vivid combination of color, form, and texture makes the Rosa City of London a favorite among gardeners and rose lovers alike, adding an air of sophistication and romance to any setting in which it grows.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      City of London Rose

    • Common names

      Rosa 'Harukfore'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Rosa 'City of London' or more commonly known as rose, is generally not considered toxic to humans. Ingestion of rose petals, leaves, or hips typically does not result in poisoning. These parts of the plant are actually sometimes used in culinary preparations, such as in herbal teas or as edible garnishes. However, roses have thorns that can cause physical injury if handled carelessly.

    • To pets

      Roses, including the variety known as 'City of London', are not toxic to pets. Both cats and dogs can accidentally ingest the petals or leaves without risk of poisoning, as it is generally safe for pets. However, similar to humans, thorns can cause injuries such as punctures or scratches if pets try to chew on the stems.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      3 feet 4 inches (1.02 meters)

    • Spread

      3 feet (0.91 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Provides visual interest with its beautiful blooms and enhances the beauty of garden spaces.
    • Scent: Emits a pleasant fragrance, which can create a soothing environment in your garden or home.
    • Landscape Versatility: Can be used in various landscape designs, including borders, beds, and as standalone specimens.
    • Habitat Support: Attracts beneficial pollinators such as bees and butterflies, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Cultural Significance: Roses are often associated with love, beauty, and appreciation, making them a thoughtful gift or commemorative plant.
    • Seasonal Interest: Many rose varieties, including City of London roses, offer seasonal blooms that gardeners look forward to each year.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Edible petals: The petals of the rose can be used in salads, desserts or crystallized as a decorative and edible addition to dishes.
    • Natural dye: Rose petals can be used to create a natural dye for fabrics, giving them a gentle pink tint.
    • Bath additive: Dried petals can add fragrance and a touch of luxury to bath water.
    • Floral water: Rose petals can be distilled into floral water that is often used in gourmet cooking to add a subtle floral flavor.
    • Bookmarks: Dried and pressed petals or leaves can be used as delicate bookmarks.
    • Potpourri: Roses can be dried and mixed with other botanicals to create a fragrant potpourri for freshening indoor spaces.
    • Wedding confetti: Dried petals can be used as biodegradable confetti for weddings and other celebrations.
    • Candle making: Incorporated into the wax, rose petals can add visual appeal and fragrance to homemade candles.
    • Artistic crafts: Petals and leaves can be used in crafting, such as in paper making or resin jewelry, to add natural beauty.
    • Herbal sachets: Dried rose petals can be included in herbal sachets to naturally scent linens and clothing.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Roses are often used in Feng Shui to attract love and create a positive, loving environment in the home. To use roses in Feng Shui, place them in the Southwest area of your home or garden, which is associated with love and marriage, to encourage romantic relationships and enhance emotional connections.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The rose is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Love: As a rose, this plant typically symbolizes love and affection, due to the widespread association of roses with these emotions throughout history and cultures.
    • Beauty: Roses are universally recognized for their beauty, and the 'City of London' rose is no exception, representing physical and inner beauty.
    • Honor: Roses, especially when given as a gift, can denote honor and reverence for the recipient.
    • Devotion: Given their long-standing use in weddings and significant ceremonies, roses can symbolize deep devotion between individuals.
    • Mystery: With its unique cultivar name, 'City of London' may carry a hint of mystery, emphasizing enigmatic or sophisticated qualities.

Every week
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-early summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    For the rose 'City of London', it is best to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. During active growth in the spring and summer, water the plant deeply once a week, which may amount to about 1-1.5 gallons per plant, depending on weather conditions. In hot, dry periods, you may need to water twice a week. In the fall and winter, reduce watering to every other week or less, depending on rainfall and soil moisture levels. Always check the soil before watering; it should be moist at about 1 inch below the surface.

  • sunLight

    The rose 'City of London' thrives in full sun conditions, which means at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. The best spot for the plant is an area with clear exposure to the sun from morning to mid-afternoon. Avoid locations where buildings or trees might cast significant shade on the rose bushes, as insufficient light can lead to poor flowering and weak growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Roses, including the 'City of London', prefer temperatures ranging between 65°F and 75°F for optimal growth. They can survive minimum temperatures as low as 20°F when established and well-mulched, though new growth can be damaged by frosts. Maximum temperatures should ideally not exceed 90°F for extended periods, as the intense heat can stress the plant.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the rose 'City of London' is important to maintain plant health, shape, and to enhance blooming. Prune early in the spring after the last frost when buds start to swell, removing any dead or diseased wood, thinning out crowded areas, and shaping the plant. Pruning may also be required after the first bloom cycle in summer to encourage a second bloom in the fall.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for Rosa 'City of London' should have good drainage, fertility, and slightly acidic to neutral pH (6.0-7.0). A mix could consist of equal parts loam, peat moss or well-rotted compost, and sharp sand or perlite to ensure adequate drainage and aeration. Regular soil tests can help maintain the desired pH level and nutrient balance.

  • plantRepotting

    Roses typically do not require frequent repotting if planted outdoors, where they can thrive for years without being moved. Rosa 'City of London' should only be repotted if it outgrows its current container or if the soil becomes exhausted. This is typically every 2 to 5 years for container-grown roses.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Rosa 'City of London' prefers a moderate humidity level that mimics its natural outdoor environment. The ideal range would be between 40-60% relative humidity. Outdoor plants generally receive the necessary humidity from the surrounding environment, so additional measures aren't usually required.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, well-draining soil, and good air circulation.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, in fertile, well-draining soil with space to grow.

    • Hardiness zone

      5-9 USDA.

  • circleLife cycle

    The Rosa 'City of London' or 'Harukfore' begins its life cycle when a seed germinates, entering the seedling stage where the first shoots and root system develop. As it progresses into the vegetative stage, the plant grows leaves and stems, photosynthesizing to gain the energy required for further growth. During the flowering stage, the rose bush produces buds that eventually bloom into the characteristic flowers roses are known for. After pollination, often facilitated by insects, the flowers produce fruits known as hips, which contain seeds for the next generation. The plant then enters a period of dormancy, typically during colder months, where growth slows down significantly or stops temporarily. Finally, with the return of favorable conditions, the rose bush resumes growth, completing the cycle with renewed vegetative and flowering stages.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • The Rosa 'City of London' or 'Harukfore' (F), commonly referred to as a type of rose, is typically propagated through the method of softwood cuttings. This process is best carried out in late spring or early summer when the roses are actively growing, and the new stems are just beginning to harden but are not yet fully mature. To propagate by this method, one would take a cutting of about 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters) from a healthy, disease-free plant, making a clean cut just below a leaf node. The lower leaves are removed, and the cut end is often treated with a rooting hormone to enhance root development. The cutting is then placed in a well-draining rooting medium, such as a mix of peat and perlite, and kept in a humid environment until roots form, which could take several weeks. This method is popular due to its simplicity and high success rate amongst rose cultivators.