The Mayflower Rose Rosa The Mayflower = 'Austilly' (PBR) (S)
The Mayflower rose, known as 'Austilly', is a captivating plant admired for its enchanting blooms. The flowers exhibit a delicate blush pink hue that can often possess a gentle gradation of color with the outer petals sometimes presenting a slightly lighter shade compared to the inner petals. The blooms are classically rosette-shaped, evoking a sense of traditional English gardens, and they tend to be densely packed with petals, creating a lush, full appearance. Not only are the flowers aesthetically pleasing, but they also emit a delightful fragrance. They release a strong, old rose scent with hints of almond blossom, cucumber, and lemon zest, an olfactory blend that can be enticing to both humans and pollinators. The plant itself has a bushy nature with a multitude of stems that bear dark green, glossy foliage. The leaves provide a wonderful backdrop for the flowers, enhancing their pink tones with the contrast of the deep green color. Furthermore, the foliage often demonstrates good disease resistance, which helps maintain the plant's visual appeal throughout the growing season. Overall, the Mayflower rose presents a romantic and timeless charm, with its alluring scent and picturesque blossoms encompassing the essence of a quintessential rose garden.
About this plant
The Mayflower Rose.
Roses are not considered toxic to humans. If ingested, rose petals and leaves do not typically cause poisoning or serious side effects. However, it is important to note that rose plants can have sharp thorns that may cause physical injury if not handled properly. Additionally, any plant material that has been treated with pesticides or other chemicals could be harmful if ingested, so it is important to be aware of the plant's exposure to such agents.
Roses, including the variety known as 'The Mayflower', are generally considered non-toxic to pets. If ingested in small quantities, they are unlikely to cause serious harm to dogs, cats, or other animals. However, large amounts could potentially lead to gastrointestinal upset, such as vomiting or diarrhea. As with humans, the physical danger of thorns poses a more substantial risk, which can lead to injuries or, rarely, secondary infections if a pet attempts to chew on the plant. Owners should still exercise caution to ensure their pets do not ingest large quantities or come into contact with treated plants which may have residual pesticides.
Color of leaves
4 feet (1.2 meters)
3 feet (0.9 meters)
- General Benefits
- **Aesthetic Appeal:** Adds color and beauty to gardens with its abundant, rosette-shaped blooms.
- **Fragrance:** Emits a strong and delightful fragrance, enhancing the sensory experience of a space.
- **Attracts Wildlife:** Invites beneficial pollinators such as bees and butterflies, supporting biodiversity.
- **Hardiness:** Known for good disease resistance, reducing the need for chemical treatments.
- **Repeat Flowering:** Offers multiple blooming cycles from late spring to early autumn, providing long-lasting display.
- **Versatility:** Suitable for a variety of garden styles, including borders, containers, and cottage gardens.
- **Low Maintenance:** Requires minimal pruning and upkeep once established, ideal for gardeners of all levels.
- **Drought Tolerance:** Once established, can withstand periods of low water, suited for dry climate conditions.
- Medical Properties
- This plant is not used for medical purposes.
- Air-purifying Qualities
This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.
- Other Uses
- The Mayflower roses can be used as natural dyes for fabrics, providing various shades of pink depending on the mordant used.
- These roses can be pressed and included in handmade papers to add a unique texture and visual appeal.
- Petals of the Mayflower rose can be incorporated into candles to contribute a light floral scent and decorative element.
- Rose petals can be used in potpourri mixtures, offering a traditional and enduring fragrance for the home.
- The strong fragrance of the Mayflower rose can be captured in homemade rose water for use in culinary recipes or as a natural facial toner.
- When dried, these roses make an excellent addition to herbal sachets, which can freshen drawers and closets.
- The petals can be used to create rose-infused oil, which can serve as a lightly scented base for perfumes or skincare products.
- Rose hips, the fruit of the rose plant, can be made into jams, jellies, or syrups, offering a tangy flavor rich in vitamin C.
- Mayflower rose petals are sometimes used in bath soaks or bath bombs for a luxurious, spa-like experience at home.
- The use of these roses in bridal bouquets or decorations can serve as a natural symbol of love and springtime beauty.
- Feng Shui
The rose is not used in Feng Shui practice.
- Zodiac Sign Compitability
The rose is not used in astrology practice.
- Plant Symbolism
- Love: The rose is most widely recognized as a symbol of love, passion, and romance. Its beauty and delicate fragrance have made it an enduring emblem of deep affection and desire.
- Beauty and Perfection: The elegant form and vibrant colors of roses have long been associated with beauty and perfection, making them a popular choice for expressing admiration.
- Mystery and Secrecy: Historically, the rose was used as a symbol of confidentiality. The term "sub rosa" (under the rose) comes from the practice of hanging roses over meetings to ensure that matters discussed were kept secret.
- Balance: The rose's harmonious appearance symbolizes balance and new beginnings, embodying the notion that life is a mixture of beauty and thorns, or joy and pain.
- Honor and Devotion: Roses are often given as a sign of respect and loyalty. Their association with valor and virtue makes them a popular choice in the context of awards and recognition.
A Mayflower rose needs to be watered deeply but infrequently, allowing for periods of soil drying between waterings. During the active growing season, typically in the spring and summer, water once a week with about 1-2 gallons per plant, depending on weather conditions and soil type. Less frequent watering might be sufficient during cooler months, with the soil being checked for moisture content before applying water. Ensure that the water is applied at the base of the plant and avoid overhead watering to minimize the risk of leaf disease.
Mayflower roses thrive in full sun, requiring at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. They perform best in a location that receives morning sun and some protection from the intense heat of late afternoon sun, especially in hotter climates. Ensuring adequate sun exposure is crucial for healthy blooms and disease prevention.
Mayflower roses prefer a temperate climate and can typically grow in USDA zones 4 through 11. They can withstand winter temperatures down to around -20°F and enjoy maximum temperatures of about 90°F. Ideal growing conditions fall within a range of 70°F to 85°F for optimal growth and flowering.
Prune Mayflower roses in late winter or early spring, when they are still dormant, to shape the plant, remove dead or diseased wood, and promote vigorous growth. Pruning is also done to improve air circulation within the plant, which helps prevent fungal diseases. Cut back the plant by about one-third of its height, and make sure to remove any inward-facing branches to keep the center of the bush open.
The best soil mix for The Mayflower rose should be well-draining with compost and organic matter. A pH range of 6.0 to 7.0 is ideal for this rose variety. Amend clay or sandy soils to improve structure and fertility.
The Mayflower rose does not require frequent repotting as it is typically grown outdoors. Repotting is generally done every 2 to 5 years or when the plant has outgrown its current space.
- Humidity & Misting
The Mayflower rose prefers average outdoor humidity levels. It is not overly sensitive to humidity but should not be in very dry or overly humid environments for best growth.
- Suitable locations
Provide bright light, prune, fertilize seasonally.
Full sun, well-draining soil, regular pruning.
- Life cycle
The Mayflower rose, a cultivar known under the name 'Austilly', begins its life cycle as a dormant bare root or potted plant, typically planted in early spring or fall. Once planted, it enters a growth phase where it develops a robust root system and foliage. During the spring and summer, it progresses to the flowering stage, producing fragrant pink blossoms that attract pollinators. After the blooming period, the plant sets hips (fruit), which can be left on the plant to encourage dormancy or removed to promote further blooming. In the fall, the rose transitions into a dormant phase, where growth slows down and the plant prepares for winter. Throughout the life of the rose, annual cycles of pruning, feeding, and disease management are critical for the health and vitality of The Mayflower rose.
The most popular method of propagation for Rosa 'The Mayflower', commonly known as David Austin's English Rose, is by softwood cuttings. This technique is typically performed in late spring or early summer when the plant's new growth is still flexible but has begun to mature. Gardeners snip off a piece of the softwood stem that is about 6 to 8 inches long (15 to 20 centimeters), just below a node, and remove the leaves from the lower half. The cut end is then dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root growth and planted in a pot filled with a mix of potting soil and perlite or sand to provide good drainage. The cutting should be kept in a warm, well-lit area and maintained consistently moist, but not waterlogged, until roots have developed, which usually takes several weeks.