Ruscus Bamboo Shibataea kumasaca

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
ruscus-leaved bamboo


The plant known as Shibataea kumasaca is best recognized for its distinct foliage. It is a type of bamboo with a lush, dense growth habit, presenting an elegant and compact appearance. The leaves are its most prominent feature, being small and narrowly lance-shaped with a rich, deep green color. Their unique arrangement on the stems gives the plant a feathery look. The stems themselves are slender and can vary in color from green to a yellowish or greenish hue, often with some reddish touches, lending a decorative contrast against the greenery of the foliage. The overall form of the plant is rounded and bushy, which makes it suitable for certain landscape uses such as hedges or as a feature in a mixed border. During the growing season, the plant maintains a lush, evergreen presence, contributing to its popularity in gardens and landscaped areas.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Ruscus-leaved Bamboo, Kumazasa Bamboo, Shibataea.

    • Common names

      Bambusa kumasaca, Arundinaria kumasaca, Shibataea ruscifolia.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Ruscus bamboo is not known to be toxic to humans. Therefore, there should be no symptoms of poisoning or adverse consequences associated with ingesting this plant. Always exercise caution and consult with a medical professional or a poison control center if any part of a plant is ingested and adverse reactions are observed.

    • To pets

      Ruscus bamboo is not known to be toxic to pets. Similar to humans, there should be no symptoms of poisoning or adverse consequences associated with pets ingesting this plant. However, it is always best to prevent pets from eating plants, as even non-toxic plants can cause gastrointestinal upset or other issues in some animals. If you suspect your pet has ingested a problematic substance, you should contact a veterinarian.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 meters)

    • Spread

      3-5 feet (0.9-1.5 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Shibataea kumasaca, commonly known as Ruscus bamboo, is often used in landscaping for its attractive, lush green foliage and compact growth habit.
    • Low Maintenance: As a hardy plant, Ruscus bamboo requires minimal care once established, making it a hassle-free choice for gardeners.
    • Erosion Control: Its dense root system helps to stabilize soil and prevent erosion, particularly on slopes or in areas with loose earth.
    • Privacy Screening: Because of its dense growth, Ruscus bamboo can be planted as a natural privacy screen or hedge to block unwanted views and reduce noise pollution.
    • Pest Resistance: It is known to be resistant to many pests and diseases, reducing the need for chemical treatments in the garden.
    • Shade Tolerance: Ruscus bamboo can thrive in partially shaded areas where other plants might struggle, providing flexibility in garden design.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, it can withstand periods of drought, making it suitable for xeriscaping and low-water gardens.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Shibataea kumasaca, or Ruscus-leaf bamboo, can be used as a sound barrier due to its dense growth habit, reducing noise pollution in residential and commercial landscapes.
    • The compact and intricate foliage of Ruscus-leaf bamboo is ideal for creating detailed topiary designs in formal gardens.
    • Ruscus-leaf bamboo's strong and straight canes are suitable for crafting garden stakes and supporting structures for other plants.
    • Due to its adaptability to container growth, Ruscus-leaf bamboo is often used in bonsai cultivation, providing an attractive and unique miniature landscape feature.
    • The visual texture of Ruscus-leaf bamboo can be utilized in photography and film as a lush, evergreen backdrop that remains green year-round.
    • With its tolerance for shade, Ruscus-leaf bamboo is useful for landscaping under larger trees where other plants might not thrive.
    • This plant can function as a privacy screen for outdoor showers or changing areas in pool or spa settings.
    • Ruscus-leaf bamboo is popular for use in theme gardens, such as Asian or Zen-inspired spaces, due to its Oriental appearance.
    • The leaves of Ruscus-leaf bamboo can be used in floristry as an enduring foliage filler in bouquets and arrangements.
    • In educational settings, Ruscus-leaf bamboo may be used to teach students about plant growth habits, bamboo varieties, and care requirements.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Ruscus bamboo is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Ruscus bamboo is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: Shibataea kumasaca, commonly known as Ruscus bamboo, is recognized for its hardy nature, being able to withstand various growing conditions. This symbolizes the ability to persevere and adapt in the face of challenges.
    • Privacy: With its dense growing habit, Ruscus bamboo is often used as a privacy screen. Symbolically, it represents the desire for seclusion and personal space.
    • Protection: Similarly, because it is used to create barriers, Ruscus bamboo can represent protection, safeguarding one's space from external disruptions.
    • Peaceful Retreat: The lush greenery of Ruscus bamboo can create a tranquil environment, symbolizing serenity and a place for peaceful contemplation.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Ruscus bamboo should be watered deeply but infrequently to mimic its natural environment. Generally, aim to water the plant every 7 to 10 days, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Use approximately 1 to 2 gallons of water per session, depending on the plant's size and the environmental conditions. Avoid letting the plant sit in water, as it doesn't like to have wet feet, which can lead to root rot. During the winter months, when the plant is not actively growing, reduce the frequency of watering.

  • sunLight

    Ruscus bamboo prefers bright, indirect light but can tolerate partial shade. It should not be placed in direct sunlight, as this can scorch the leaves. The ideal location would be in a spot where it receives filtered sunlight for most of the day, such as near a window with sheer curtains or in a well-lit room without direct sun exposure.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Ruscus bamboo thrives in moderate temperatures, ideally between 60°F and 80°F. While it can withstand temperatures as low as 50°F for short periods, it should not be exposed to temperatures below this range. Protect the plant from drafts and sudden temperature changes to maintain its best health.

  • scissorsPruning

    Ruscus bamboo benefits from occasional pruning to maintain its shape and encourage fuller growth. Prune in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Trim off any dead or yellowing leaves and cut back any overly long shoots to promote bushiness. Pruning once a year is usually sufficient for this slow-growing plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Ruscus bamboo prefers a well-draining soil mix with high organic matter. A blend of potting soil, peat, and perlite or sand is ideal to ensure proper drainage and aeration. The soil pH should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging between 5.5 and 7.0 for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Ruscus bamboo should be repotted every two to three years to refresh the soil and accommodate root growth. It's best to repot in spring just before the growing season begins.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Ruscus bamboo thrives in moderate to high humidity levels. Aim to maintain humidity around 40-60% for optimal health. Avoid placing it in very dry environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place ruscus bamboo in bright, indirect light and keep soil moist.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade; protect from harsh sun and strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      7-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Ruscus bamboo (Shibataea kumasaca) starts its life cycle from seed, which requires moist, well-drained soil and gentle warmth to germinate. The seedlings grow slowly, developing into young plants with delicate, narrow leaves. As they mature, they form dense clumps of erect, woody stems covered with alternating lance-shaped leaves and take on a more bamboo-like appearance. Ruscus bamboo is a perennial plant, and once established, it goes through cycles of growth each year, producing new shoots in the spring which harden by the fall. The plant rarely flowers, but when it does, usually in late summer, it produces small, inconspicuous white blooms. After several years, Ruscus bamboo may become overcrowded and will benefit from division to rejuvenate the clump and start new plants.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • Propogation: The most popular method of propagation for Shibataea kumasaca, commonly known as Ruscus Bamboo or Kumasaca bamboo, is through division. This is best done in late winter or early spring just before the growing season begins, ensuring the divisions have time to establish themselves during the growing period. The process involves taking a sharp spade or a knife and cutting through the root ball of an established clump to separate it into smaller sections. Each section should have at least one growing culm or shoot and a portion of the root system attached. After the division, the new plants should be immediately potted in appropriate soil or planted in a prepared area of the garden, watered well, and maintained with consistent moisture until they show signs of new growth, indicating successful establishment.