Grefsheim Spirea Spiraea × cinerea 'Grefsheim'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
spirea 'Grefsheim'


The Spiraea x cinerea 'Grefsheim', commonly referred to as Grefsheim spirea, is a flowering shrub known for its graceful and elegant appearance. It has a fountain-like growth habit, with slender branches that arch downwards, creating a cascading effect that is particularly striking when the plant is in full bloom. The leaves of the Grefsheim spirea are small and narrowly oval-shaped, with delicately serrated edges, which provide a fine texture to the shrub. They are generally a bright, fresh green color that serves as the perfect backdrop for the profusion of flowers that cover the branches. One of the most breathtaking features of this plant is its abundant clusters of tiny white flowers that bloom in early to mid-spring. These flowers are densely packed along the stems, creating a spectacular frothy display of white that resembles a waterfall or a snow-covered shrub when in peak bloom. Each individual flower is composed of five small petals arranged in a classic star shape, typical of the spirea family. What adds to the Grefsheim spirea's charm is the way the blossoms attract pollinators, such as bees and butterflies, adding movement and life to the garden. As the seasons change, the leaves of the Grefsheim spirea may turn to a warm, yellowish hue, providing autumnal interest before the leaves eventually drop, revealing the shrub's fine, twiggy structure during the winter months. Overall, the Grefsheim spirea is a visually pleasing shrub with its masses of white flowers, delicate green foliage, and arching branches creating an alluring, romantic presence in any landscape.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Grefsheim Spirea, Grefsheim Meadowsweet

    • Common names

      Spiraea × cinerea 'Grefsheim'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Grefsheim Spirea is not known to be toxic to humans. There are no common symptoms of poisoning associated with this plant since it is generally considered non-toxic. Therefore, ingesting parts of this plant is not expected to cause harm or toxic consequences in humans.

    • To pets

      Grefsheim Spirea is also not known to be toxic to pets. It is generally considered safe around animals, and there are no well-documented symptoms of poisoning from this plant. Ingesting parts of this plant should not lead to toxic consequences for pets either.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-5 feet (1.2-1.5 meters)

    • Spread

      4-6 feet (1.2-1.8 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Attractive Flowers: Produces abundant white blossoms in spring that create a visually appealing display.
    • Landscape Design: Ideal for mass plantings, hedges, or as a focal point in garden design.
    • Low Maintenance: Requires minimal care once established, making it a good choice for gardeners with limited time.
    • Pollinator-friendly: Attracts bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects, supporting biodiversity.
    • Seasonal Interest: Offers interest throughout multiple seasons with flowers in spring, lush foliage in summer, and sometimes colorful autumn leaves.
    • Hardy Plant: Adapts well to various climates and is resistant to many pests and diseases.
    • Small to Medium Size: Well-suited to urban gardens and smaller spaces due to its compact size.
    • Drought Tolerance: Can survive in drier conditions once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping.
    • Deer Resistant: Generally not preferred by deer, which helps to prevent browsing damage in areas with deer populations.
    • Fast Growing: Quick development allows it to establish and fill in areas within a garden in a relatively short time frame.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Spiraea × cinerea 'Grefsheim', also known as Grefsheim spirea, can be used as a natural fence due to its dense growing habit, creating a privacy screen or border.
    • The slender branches of Grefsheim spirea can be harvested and used in floral arrangements for a rustic, cottage-garden feel.
    • This plant serves as a support for climbing plants in garden design, offering structure for vines to twine around.
    • Grefsheim spirea's dense foliage can provide a habitat for beneficial insects, supporting biodiversity in your garden.
    • Dried branches of Grefsheim spirea can be used in creating wreaths and other decorative crafts for a natural touch.
    • Grefsheim spirea can be a themed centerpiece for garden parties or outdoor weddings due to its cascading white flowers.
    • In educational settings, Grefsheim spirea can be used to teach pruning techniques due to its forgiving nature and rapid growth.
    • The plant can be incorporated into a sensory garden, with its flowers adding visual and olfactory stimuli.
    • Grefsheim spirea can act as a living snow fence in colder regions, trapping snow within its branches and preventing drifts.
    • Its rapid growth and adaptability make Grefsheim spirea suitable for use in rehabilitation of disturbed sites and soil stabilization efforts.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Spirea is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Spirea is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Purity – The Spiraea x cinerea 'Grefsheim', commonly known as Grefsheim spirea, often symbolizes purity due to its delicate white flowers that bloom profusely.
    • Renewal – With its early spring flowering, the Grefsheim spirea can represent the idea of renewal or the start of new beginnings, as it is one of the first plants to signify the end of winter and the arrival of spring.
    • Happiness – Its graceful arching branches and abundance of blooms can convey happiness, making it a popular choice for celebrations and joyful occasions.
    • Eternal love – In some cultural beliefs, spireas are thought to represent eternal love, making this plant a thoughtful gift for weddings and anniversaries.

Every 1-2 weeks
10000 - 20000 Lux
Not required
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Grefsheim Spirea should be watered deeply once a week, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. The exact amount of water will depend on the weather and soil conditions, but generally, it is advisable to use about 1 to 1.5 gallons of water for each watering session to ensure the soil is moistened to a depth of at least 8 inches. It is beneficial to water early in the morning to reduce evaporation and allow foliage to dry, which can help prevent disease. During periods of extreme heat or drought, it may be necessary to water more frequently, while in cooler weather, watering can be reduced.

  • sunLight

    Grefsheim Spirea thrives in full sun to partial shade, requiring a minimum of 6 hours of direct sunlight daily for optimum flowering and growth. Full sun encourages the densest foliage and maximum number of flowers. Plant this shrub in a location where it can receive ample sunshine throughout the day for the best performance.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Grefsheim Spirea is hardy and can withstand a wide range of temperatures, with a comfortable range between 60°F and 75°F. It can survive minimum winter temperatures down to -20°F and is quite adaptable to summer highs up to 90°F. To ensure the best growth and flowering, protect the spirea from extreme temperature fluctuations.

  • scissorsPruning

    Prune Grefsheim Spirea after flowering, typically in late spring or early summer, to maintain shape and encourage new growth. This promotes a more compact habit and stimulates the growth of flower buds for the next season. Pruning should be done by thinning out old wood and cutting back spent flowers; this can be done annually.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The Garland Spirea thrives best in well-draining loamy soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. A good mix would include garden soil, compost, and peat moss to ensure proper drainage and fertility.

  • plantRepotting

    Garland Spirea is typically grown outdoors and does not require repotting as it is not a container plant.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Garland Spirea is adaptable to a range of humidity conditions; average outdoor humidity is suitable for this plant.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Indoor cultivation of Garland Spirea is not recommended.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sunny spot, in well-drained soil, and space plants 2-3 feet.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Spirea 'Grefsheim', similar to other spireas, begins its life cycle as a seed, but it is more commonly propagated via cuttings. After rooting, the plant enters a vegetative stage where it develops a woody framework and foliage. In spring, it progresses to the flowering stage, showcasing numerous white flowers along its arching branches. Once pollinated, these flowers may produce small, brown, and dry fruits that contain seeds, although propagation by seeds is less common for this cultivar. After blooming, the plant enters a period of growth where it focuses on leaf production and branch extension throughout the summer. As a perennial, it undergoes dormancy during the winter, with foliage dying back, to then re-emerge the following spring, repeating this annual cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • Propogation: The most popular method for propagating Spiraea × cinerea 'Grefsheim', commonly known as 'Grefsheim Spirea', is through softwood cuttings. This technique is most successful when performed in late spring or early summer when new growth is green and flexible but hasn't yet matured. Cuttings should be made from the current year's growth, typically around 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 centimeters) long, and should include several leaf nodes. Leaves on the lower half of the cutting are removed, and the base of the cutting is often dipped in rooting hormone to encourage root development. The prepared cuttings are then placed in a moist, well-draining potting mix and kept under high humidity conditions until roots have established, which can take several weeks.