Siberian Crabapple Malus toringo

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
toringo crab


Malus toringo, commonly known as the Toringo crabapple, is a visually striking plant that is appreciated for its ornamental qualities. The plant is characterized by a proliferation of beautiful blossoms that command attention in the spring. These flowers are typically white, although they can sometimes have a pink hue, unfurling from pink buds to create a splendid floral display. The blooms are not only visually appealing but also emit a delightful fragrance that can perfume the air around it. Following the flowering season, the attention shifts to the plant’s fruit. These are small crabapples, typically no more than a couple of inches in diameter, transitioning in color from green to a red or yellow hue as they mature. The fruits are a common feature in the plant's appearance and can remain on the branches long into the winter, providing a stark contrast to the bare branches and sometimes snowy backdrop. The leaves of the Toringo crabapple are also worth noting, contributing to the plant's allure. The foliage emerges with a purplish or reddish tint in the spring, gradually shifting to a bright green. In the autumn, the leaves often take on a spectacular range of colors from yellow to purple before they fall. The bark of the plant has a visual texture that adds to its year-round interest. As the plant matures, the bark can become scaly, providing a rugged, naturalistic look that contrasts nicely with the smoothness of the younger stems. Seasonal changes bring a dynamic quality to the plant's appearance, offering a diverse range of visual experiences throughout the year. The interplay of the blossoms, fruits, foliage, and bark offers a lovely ornamental specimen admired for its aesthetic qualities in various landscape settings.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Siebold's Crabapple, Toringo Crabapple, Japanese Crabapple

    • Common names

      Malus ringo, Pyrus ringo, Malus sieboldii.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The plant known as the siebold crabapple (Malus toringo) is not typically considered poisonousto humans when it comes to the fruit it bears; however, the seeds inside the apples contain cyanogenic glycosides, which can release cyanide when chewed and digested. Consuming large amounts of these seeds can lead to poisoning. Symptoms of cyanide poisoning from ingesting seed material could include difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, headaches, dizziness, confusion, and potentially seizures or cardiac arrest in severe cases. Although a significant amount of seeds would need to be consumed to cause poisoning, it is prudent to avoid eating the seeds.

    • To pets

      The siebold crabapple (Malus toringo) can present risks to pets as well, particularly if they consume the seeds of the fruit in large quantities. Like humans, pets can be affected by the cyanogenic glycosides present in the seeds, leading to cyanide poisoning. Symptoms in pets can mirror those in humans, including vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, lethargy, abdominal pain, seizures, and in extreme cases, it can lead to coma or death. It is important to keep an eye on pets and ensure they do not consume the seeds of the fruit.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      15-25 feet (4.6-7.6 meters)

    • Spread

      15-20 feet (4.6-6.1 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Malus toringo, commonly known as sargent crabapple, has a visually appealing appearance with abundant white to pink flowers in spring, providing aesthetic value to gardens and landscapes.
    • Wildlife Habitat: Sargent crabapple produces small fruits that serve as food for various bird species, thus supporting local wildlife.
    • Pollination: The flowers of sargent crabapple attract bees and other pollinators, contributing to the pollination of nearby plants and supporting biodiversity.
    • Shade and Shelter: With a well-branched structure, the sargent crabapple tree provides shade and shelter which can be beneficial in urban and garden settings.
    • Compact Size: Due to its relatively small stature, sargent crabapple is suitable for small yards and spaces, making it a versatile choice for urban landscaping.
    • Erosion Control: The root system of Malus toringo can help stabilize soil and control erosion, particularly on slopes or in areas prone to soil degradation.
    • Seasonal Interest: The change in leaf color during the fall provides seasonal interest, adding a splash of color to autumn landscapes.
    • Craft and Ornamentation: The wood, flowers, and fruit of the sargent crabapple can be used in crafts and as decorative elements both indoors and outdoors.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    • Anti-inflammatory: May help reduce inflammation due to the presence of certain compounds like flavonoids.
    • Antioxidant: Contains antioxidants that can neutralize free radicals, potentially reducing oxidative stress.
    • Antimicrobial: Might have antimicrobial properties that help fight against certain bacteria and fungi.
    • Astringent: The astringent qualities of the plant are suggested to help with skin conditions and wound healing.
    Please note that these uses may be based on traditional or anecdotal evidence, and the efficacy and safety of the plant for these purposes have not been scientifically validated. Always consult a healthcare professional before using this plant for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • The wood of the Malus toringo, commonly known as Siebold's crabapple, is often used for woodworking projects because of its hardness and fine grain.
    • In bonsai cultivation, Siebold's crabapple is appreciated for its attractive flowers and fruit, making it a popular choice for enthusiasts of this Japanese art form.
    • The fruit of the Siebold's crabapple can be fermented to make a crabapple cider, offering a tart and unique alternative to traditional apple ciders.
    • Dye can be extracted from the leaves and bark of the Siebold's crabapple, providing natural coloring agents for textiles and crafts.
    • Siebold's crabapple's blossoms are used decoratively in floral arrangements and can be especially popular in spring festivities and weddings.
    • The fruit of the Siebold's crabapple may be used to create unique jams or jellies with a distinct, tangy flavor profile.
    • Wood chips from the Siebold's crabapple tree can be used in smoking food to impart a fruity, slightly sweet flavor to meats and cheeses.
    • Creative landscaping often includes Siebold's crabapple trees because of their compact size and showy blooms that attract pollinators like bees and butterflies.
    • Branches and twigs of the Siebold's crabapple can be used in decorative wreaths and centerpieces, especially during the fall when the fruit adds color and interest.
    • During certain festivals in East Asia, Siebold's crabapple flowers may be floated in bowls of water as a symbol of spring and renewal.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Crabapple is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Crabapple is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Beauty: With its attractive blossoms, the Malus toringo, commonly known as Siberian Crabapple, often symbolizes beauty in nature and the joy brought by aesthetic experiences.
    • Rebirth: The Siberian Crabapple's cycle of blooming in the spring is associated with the concept of rebirth and new beginnings, reflecting the awakening of life after the winter season.
    • Love: The fragrant and delicate flowers of the Siberian Crabapple can also represent love, sometimes associated with an innocent and sweet affection.
    • Peace: The tranquility associated with the tree's presence in gardens and orchards can lead it to symbolize peace and a harmonious state of being.
    • Temptation: As a member of the Malus genus, which includes apples, the Siberian Crabapple tree can inherit the symbolic meaning of temptation and desire from the biblical story of Adam and Eve.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not applicable
Early spring
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Japanese Crabapple should be watered deeply but infrequently to encourage a strong root system. During the growing season, water the tree with approximately 1-2 gallons every 7 to 10 days, depending on the climate and soil drainage. During hot, dry periods, increase the watering frequency to once every 5 to 7 days. Reduce watering in the fall before the tree goes dormant, and during the winter, water sparingly, only if there's no significant rainfall, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot. Always check the soil moisture before watering to ensure the soil is not already saturated.

  • sunLight

    The Japanese Crabapple thrives in full sun conditions, which means it should receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Planting the tree in an open area without significant shade from buildings or other vegetation will ensure it gets adequate light to produce the best fruit and flower display. Avoid deeply shaded areas, as insufficient light can reduce blooming and fruiting and lead to a sparse canopy.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Japanese Crabapple is hardy and can tolerate a range of temperatures, but it thrives in temperate conditions. The ideal temperature for this tree is between 60°F and 75°F, but it can withstand winter temperatures down to around -20°F. Temperatures above 90°F may stress the tree and require additional watering to keep it healthy. When planting, select a spot that is protected from harsh winds, especially in colder climates, to minimize potential cold damage.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Japanese Crabapple is essential for maintaining its health, shape, and to encourage fruit production. The best time to prune is during the dormant season, in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. Remove any dead or diseased wood, thin out crowded branches to improve air circulation, and shape the tree as desired. Prune annually to keep the tree's structure open and to enable light penetration, which helps in preventing diseases.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    For the best soil mix for a Siberian Crabapple, use equal parts of loamy soil, peat, and sand to ensure good drainage and aeration. The ideal pH for Siberian Crabapple should be between 6.0 and 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Siberian Crabapples do not need frequent repotting and can typically be repotted every 2-3 years. As they mature and growth slows, repotting can be done less often.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Siberian Crabapples are hardy and adaptable but prefer average humidity levels. Although they can tolerate some variation, avoid extremely high or low humidity environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, and occasional pruning for indoor Siberian Crabapples.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in full sun, well-draining soil, and protect from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-8 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life cycle of the Malus toringo, commonly known as the Siebold's Crabapple, begins with seed germination following stratification, which is a period of cold to break seed dormancy. Once germinated, the seedling emerges and develops its first true leaves, entering a period of vegetative growth where it establishes a root system and foliage. After several years, the tree reaches maturity and begins its reproductive phase, producing white or pink flowers in the spring which are pollinated by insects. Successfully pollinated flowers will develop into small crabapples, which mature by late summer or fall and contain seeds for the next generation. The tree experiences a period of dormancy during winter, when leaves drop and growth ceases until warmer temperatures return. Throughout its lifetime, which can be several decades, the Malus toringo goes through repeated annual cycles of growth, flowering, fruiting, and dormancy.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early spring

    • Propogation: The Malus toringo, commonly known as the Siebold's Crabapple, is often propagated by seed or by grafting. The most popular method is grafting, which should be carried out in late winter or early spring. In grafting, a scion, which is a young shoot or twig from the desired crabapple, is joined to a rootstock of another apple variety. The graft site is then sealed with grafting tape or wax to prevent desiccation and infection by pathogens. The scion and rootstock will fuse as they grow, combining the rootstock's hardiness with the scion's fruiting characteristics, eventually resulting in a robust, fruiting Siebold's Crabapple tree. This method allows for the preservation of the specific fruit qualities of the scion, which seed propagation would not guarantee due to genetic variability.