Tulip Tulipa 'German Flag' (14)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
tulip 'German Flag'


The Tulipa 'German Flag' is an ornamental plant known for its striking and boldly colored flowers, which resemble the German national flag in their coloration. The blooms have a bold, classic tulip shape with petals that are typically a vivid contrast of bright yellow and deep red hues. The intense red often flames or feathers outward into the yellow, reminiscent of a flickering flame. The leaves of the tulip are generally lance-shaped, with a greyish-green tint, forming a low clump at the base of the stem. The foliage presents a pleasing backdrop that accentuates the colorful display of the blooms. The overall effect is quite dramatic, making these tulips a popular choice for gardeners looking to make a statement in their spring gardens.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      German Flag Tulip

    • Common names

      Tulipa 'German Flag'

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The tulip is known to be capable of causing toxicity when ingested, although it is not commonly regarded as a highly toxic plant to humans. Parts of the tulip, especially the bulb, contain compounds like glycosides and alkaloids that can be toxic when large amounts are consumed. Symptoms of tulip poisoning in humans can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and irritation in the mouth and throat. Handling the bulbs may also cause allergic reactions or dermatitis in some individuals. Ingesting small quantities is unlikely to cause severe poisoning, but consuming larger amounts of the plant, particularly the bulbs, poses a risk and should prompt medical attention to prevent any serious consequences.

    • To pets

      The tulip is toxic to pets, such as cats, dogs, and horses. All parts of the plant, especially the bulb, contain compounds that can induce poisoning. Signs of tulip poisoning in pets can include gastrointestinal upset like vomiting and diarrhea, drooling, and in more serious cases, a rapid heart rate and difficulty breathing. Ingestion of tulip bulbs can be more dangerous and may result in more severe symptoms. If a pet consumes any part of a tulip, it is advisable to contact a veterinarian immediately. Although occasional nibbling on the leaves or petals might only cause mild discomfort, consumption of larger quantities, especially of the bulbs, can be harmful and require medical intervention.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Spread

      6 inches (15 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      Central Asia


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Enhances garden aesthetics: With its striking red and yellow petals, the tulip provides a vibrant splash of color that can add visual interest and enhance the beauty of garden spaces.
    • Easy to grow: Tulips, being hardy and low-maintenance, are simple to cultivate in a variety of climates and soil types, making them accessible to gardeners of all skill levels.
    • Attracts pollinators: The bright flowers of tulips can attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial pollinators to the garden, helping to support local ecosystems.
    • Spring blooming: As one of the first flowers to bloom in spring, tulips provide early color and signal the end of winter, which can be uplifting for many after a long, cold season.
    • Cultural significance: Tulips have a rich history and are often associated with love and happiness, making them a popular gift and symbol in various celebrations and festivals.
    • Versatile in landscaping: Tulips can be used in a variety of landscaping designs, from formal beds and borders to naturalizing in meadows, offering flexibility in garden planning.
    • Provides cut flowers: Tulips are excellent for cutting gardens, allowing gardeners to bring the beauty and color of their outdoor spaces into their homes with fresh floral arrangements.
    • Seasonal variety: There are many tulip varieties that bloom at different times throughout the spring, providing a longer season of interest in the garden.
    • Bulb division: Over time, tulip bulbs can be divided and spread to other areas of the garden, providing an economical way to expand one's plant collection.
    • Festive decorations: The vivid colors of tulips make them ideal for festive and seasonal decorations, notably for spring events like Easter or garden parties.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Eco-friendly dye: The petals of the Tulip can be used to create natural dyes for fabrics, offering a sustainable alternative to synthetic dyes.
    • Art supplies: Crushed petals can be mixed with a binding agent to make natural paints for artwork and craft projects.
    • Culinary garnish: The vibrant petals can be used as an edible decoration to add color and a touch of elegance to dishes and desserts.
    • Floral water: Distilling the petals can produce a lightly-scented floral water suitable for use as a room freshener or linen spray.
    • Potpourri ingredient: Dried Tulip petals can be included in potpourri mixes for their color and subtle scent.
    • Plant-based glue: The sticky sap of the stem has been traditionally used as a mild, natural adhesive for paper crafts.
    • Photography subject: With its unique coloration, the Tulip serves as an excellent subject for botanical photography and art.
    • Jewelry inspiration: The distinctive shape and color of the petals can be used as a model for designing floral-themed jewelry pieces.
    • Botanical studies: The Tulip may be used in educational settings to demonstrate plant biology, hybridization, and genetic traits.
    • Color inspiration: The vivid red and yellow hues can inspire color schemes in design projects, from interior decor to website palettes.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Tulip is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Tulip is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Pride: The Tulipa 'German Flag,' commonly known as the Tulip, often symbolizes pride due to its bold colors and strong appearance which can represent confidence and a sense of accomplishment.
    • Perfect Love: Tulips are traditionally associated with perfect love, heralding the deep connection and affection between individuals, possibly stemming from Turkish and Persian legends about the love between Farhad and Shirin.
    • Temporary Nature of Life: Since tulips have a relatively short blooming period, they also remind us of the fleeting nature of life, encouraging us to cherish each moment.
    • Renewal: As tulips are some of the first flowers to bloom in spring, they symbolize rebirth and new beginnings, often being associated with Easter and the renewal it represents.
    • Royalty: The rich and bold colors of the Tulipa 'German Flag' can also be associated with royalty and aristocracy, exemplifying majesty and regal bearing.

Every 7-10 days
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Tulips require well-drained soil and should not be overwatered to avoid bulb rot. During the growing season, water tulips thoroughly to soak the soil about once a week, depending on weather conditions. Allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings. After the tulips bloom and the leaves begin to yellow, gradually reduce watering. A general guideline is to provide approximately half a gallon of water per square foot every week during the active growth period.

  • sunLight

    Tulips thrive best in full sunlight, meaning at least 6 hours of direct sun daily. An ideal spot for tulips would be in a garden bed that is exposed to the morning sun and is shielded from the intense heat of the late afternoon sun. Tulips can tolerate a bit of shade, but blooms may not be as robust, and the plant may be more prone to disease.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Tulips prefer a cool to moderate climate, with ideal spring growth temperatures ranging between 55°F and 65°F. The bulbs require a cold dormancy period at 35°F to 45°F to properly develop and flower. Tulips can survive winter temperatures down to 20°F and are quite resistant to cold snaps in the spring once established.

  • scissorsPruning

    Tulip pruning is primarily about deadheading spent flowers to prevent seed production, which helps direct energy back to the bulb for the next year's growth. Once the blooms have faded, remove just the flower heads, leaving the stems and leaves intact. Continue to care for the foliage until it dies back naturally, usually by early summer. Pruning is typically done annually, after flowering has finished.

  • broomCleaning

    Not needed

  • bambooSoil

    Tulips, commonly referred to as 'German Flag', thrive in well-draining, fertile soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. A mix of equal parts potting soil, coarse sand or perlite, and compost or well-rotted manure will provide optimal conditions. Ensure the soil allows for good drainage to prevent bulb rot.

  • plantRepotting

    Tulips generally do not need to be repotted as they grow from bulbs that are planted annually. After blooming, the bulbs should be lifted from the soil and stored in a cool, dry place until the next planting season.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Tulips prefer average humidity levels and do not require any special humidity considerations. Providing outdoor conditions or typical indoor humidity is sufficient for these plants.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Provide bright light and cool temperatures for indoor tulips.

    • Outdoor

      Plant bulbs in fall; ensure full sun, well-draining soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-8 USDA.

  • circleLife cycle

    Tulipa 'German Flag', commonly known as the Tulip, begins its life as a bulb planted in the autumn before the first frost. The bulb lies dormant through the winter, conserving energy. In early spring, it breaks dormancy, sprouting green shoots which develop into stems and leaves. As temperatures warm, the tulip blossoms, typically revealing the 'German Flag' variety's striking red and yellow colors that resemble the national flag of Germany. After flowering, the plant directs energy back into the bulb as the leaves photosynthesize and the flower fades. The cycle concludes when the foliage dies back and the bulb enters dormancy again, waiting for the next autumn to restart the process.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The tulip, known by the cultivar name 'German Flag', can be propagated primarily through the division of its bulbs. The ideal time to propagate tulips by bulb division is in the fall, when the bulbs are dormant, typically from September to November in the Northern Hemisphere. To propagate, carefully lift the mature tulip bulbs from the soil after the foliage has died back and the bulbs have had a chance to rest. Gently separate any small, offset bulbs that have formed around the base of the mature tulip bulb. These offsets can be replanted immediately at a depth about three times the height of the bulb, usually around 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters), ensuring the pointy end faces upwards. Planting the offsets at the correct depth encourages strong root establishment and a better chance of flowering in the following spring.