Watermelon begonia Peperomia argyreia

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
watermelon begonia


P. argyreia is a bushy perennial to 20cm tall, with ovate green leaves, attractively striped with silver bands between the veins, borne on red stalks; flowers greenish, minute, in short spikes

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Watermelon Peperomia, Watermelon Begonia.

    • Common names

      Peperomia sandersii, Peperomia arifolia_var_nivalis, Piper argyreum.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      1 foot (30 cm)

    • Spread

      1 foot (30 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      South America


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Easy to Care For: The Watermelon Peperomia is known for being low-maintenance, making it suitable for novice gardeners or those with busy lifestyles.
    • Aesthetic Appeal: With its unique watermelon-like striped leaves, it adds a decorative touch to any indoor space.
    • Non-Toxic to Pets: It is safe for homes with pets as it is not toxic to cats or dogs.
    • Compact Growth: Its small size and slow growth make it ideal for smaller living spaces or as a desktop plant.
    • Adaptability: Watermelon Peperomia can adapt to a variety of lighting conditions, though it prefers moderate to bright indirect light.
    • Humidity Tolerance: It thrives in a more humid environment, which can be beneficial in dry indoor conditions.
    • Promotes Wellbeing: Like many houseplants, having a Watermelon Peperomia in the home can contribute to a sense of well-being and connect one to nature.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Decorative Jewelry Displays: Watermelon Peperomia leaves, with their attractive patterns, can be used in decorative jewelry displays, adding a touch of nature to the presentation of earrings, rings, or bracelets.
    • Photography Props: The unique appearance of Watermelon Peperomia plants can be used to enhance the composition of plant-themed photography or to add a splash of green to product shots.
    • Edible Garnish: While not commonly used as food, the leaves of the Watermelon Peperomia could potentially be used as a non-toxic garnish for culinary presentation.
    • Education and Botany Studies: Watermelon Peperomia can be used in classrooms or educational programs to teach about plant care, propagation, and the diversity of houseplants.
    • Artistic Inspiration: The striking patterns of the leaves can serve as inspiration for artists and designers, contributing to patterns in textiles, wallpapers, or graphic elements.
    • Fairy Gardens: Its small size and ornamental leaves make Watermelon Peperomia an excellent addition to whimsical miniature fairy gardens.
    • Stress Relief: Caring for a Watermelon Peperomia can provide a sense of accomplishment and stress relief, as nurturing plants is often considered therapeutic.
    • Theme Parties: Watermelon Peperomia can be included in the decor of theme parties, particularly those with a tropical or jungle motif, due to its lush appearance.
    • Gifts: Due to their attractive foliage and low maintenance, Watermelon Peperomia plants make thoughtful and aesthetically pleasing gifts for plant enthusiasts or as housewarming presents.
    • Desk Companion: Small and compact, the Watermelon Peperomia can serve as a silent, green companion on work desks, potentially boosting mood and productivity.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Watermelon Peperomia is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Watermelon Peperomia is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Prosperity - Often referred to as the Watermelon Peperomia, this plant's lush, round leaves and watermelon-like striping can symbolize growth and abundance, making it a common plant for those seeking to attract financial prosperity.
    • Good Luck - The Watermelon Peperomia is sometimes kept as a good luck charm. Its resilient nature and attractive foliage are thought to bring positivity and good fortune into a home or office.
    • Endurance - This plant is known for its durable nature, able to thrive in a variety of indoor environments. This trait has led to its symbolism of endurance and adaptability in challenging situations.
    • Harmony - With its non-invasive and compact growth, the Watermelon Peperomia represents balance and harmony, making it a great gift for someone looking to create a peaceful and stable atmosphere.
    • Friendship - The easy-care and long-living aspect of the Watermelon Peperomia, along with its attractive aesthetics, make it a symbol of lasting and enriching friendships.

Every 1-2 weeks
500 - 2500 Lux
Every 2-3 years
As needed
  • water dropWater

    Watermelon Peperomia prefers to be watered when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, which often translates to about once a week. It's essential to use room-temperature water and to water the plant thoroughly, allowing excess water to drain out of the pot's bottom. Typically, using approximately 8 ounces of water for small pots or up to a gallon for larger pots, depending on the size of the plant and pot, is sufficient. During the winter months, reduce watering frequency as plant growth slows down. Always check the soil moisture level before watering to avoid overwatering and root rot.

  • sunLight

    Watermelon Peperomia thrives in bright, indirect light. The ideal spot would be a room with east or west-facing windows where it can receive gentle morning or afternoon sunlight without being exposed to the harsh midday sun. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight, as this can scorch the leaves, and also steer clear of dark corners where inadequate light can cause leggy growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Watermelon Peperomia prefers temperatures between 65°F and 75°F for optimal growth. It can tolerate a range down to 50°F but should not be exposed to temperatures below this as it can lead to cold damage. Keep the plant away from drafts, sudden temperature changes, and direct heat sources to maintain consistent temperature conditions.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Watermelon Peperomia is generally done for aesthetic reasons or to remove any yellow or damaged leaves. Using clean, sharp scissors, trim back any overgrown stems or unhealthy foliage to encourage a bushier growth habit. The best time to prune is in the spring or early summer when the plant is in its active growing phase. Pruning is not frequently needed and should be done occasionally to maintain shape or to rejuvenate an overgrown plant.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Watermelon Peperomia thrives in a well-draining, peat-based potting mix with perlite or sand to improve aeration. An ideal soil pH range is from slightly acidic to neutral, between 6.0 and 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Watermelon Peperomia does not require frequent repotting; it can be repotted every 2-3 years or when the plant becomes root-bound.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Watermelon Peperomia prefers high humidity levels, around 40-50%, but can tolerate lower humidity levels found in typical household environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light away from drafts.

    • Outdoor

      Grow in shaded area; protect from frost and intense sun.

    • Hardiness zone

      10-12 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Peperomia argyreia, commonly known as the Watermelon Peperomia, begins life as a seed which, when planted in warm, moist soil, will germinate within a few weeks. The seedlings quickly develop into young plants with characteristic rounded, green and silver-striped leaves that resemble a watermelon rind. As a herbaceous perennial, it experiences a phase of vegetative growth, during which it produces a bushy clump of foliage and can also produce very thin, non-showy flower spikes. This houseplant often reaches maturity within a year, maintaining a compact size, seldom exceeding 12 inches in height and width. Under optimal conditions, it may produce offsets or "pups" which can be separated and propagated to create new plants. Throughout its life, the Watermelon Peperomia requires relatively little maintenance aside from regular watering and occasional fertilizing during active growth seasons, and it can live for several years with proper care.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • For Watermelon Peperomia, the most popular method of propagation is through leaf cuttings. To do this, select a healthy, mature leaf and cut it along with a small portion of the stem. Allow the cut surface to callous over for a few hours to prevent rot. Next, insert the cut end into a well-draining potting mix or place it in water. If using soil, ensure the setup is kept in a warm location with bright, indirect sunlight. For water propagation, change the water every few days to keep it clean, and roots should begin to form in a few weeks. Once the roots are about an inch [2.54 cm] long, the cutting can be potted up in soil.