African Marigold Tagetes erecta Perfection Yellow (Perfection Series)

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
African marigold [Perfection Yellow]


Tagetes erecta Perfection Yellow, generally known as African marigold, or marigold, is a vibrant and showy flowering plant that is part of the Perfection Series. This marigold boasts large, round flowers with layers of yellow petals that form a pom-pom like bloom. The color of the petals is a rich yellow, which creates a bold and eye-catching display in the garden. The leaves of the African marigold are dark green with a fern-like appearance, providing a striking contrast against the bright yellow flowers. These leaves grow densely, which gives the plant a lush, bushy look. The foliage has a distinctive, pungent aroma when touched or crushed, a characteristic trait of marigolds. The plant produces a profuse number of flowers over its blooming season, which adds to its appeal for gardeners looking for a long-lasting splash of color. Each flower has a prominent center, which can be slightly darker in color, adding depth and dimension to the flower. Overall, the African marigold in the Perfection Yellow variety is known for its large, cheerful yellow blooms and robust green foliage, making it a popular choice for ornamental gardening, borders, and as a natural pest deterrent due to its scent.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      African Marigold, Aztec Marigold, American Marigold, Mexican Marigold, Big Marigold

    • Common names

      Tagetes erecta

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Marigold is not considered highly toxic to humans. However, like any plant, some individuals may experience mild irritation or an allergic reaction if they have sensitivity, particularly when touching the plant or ingesting it. Symptoms could include skin rash, itching, or gastrointestinal discomfort if large quantities are consumed. There are no severe poisoning consequences commonly associated with marigolds for humans.

    • To pets

      Marigold is generally not toxic to pets, but it can cause mild gastrointestinal upset if ingested in large quantities. Symptoms in pets might include vomiting, diarrhea, or drooling. Overall, marigold is not considered a seriously toxic plant to dogs or cats, and serious complications are rare.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      2-3 feet (60-90 cm)

    • Spread

      1-2 feet (30-60 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Colorful Display: This plant offers vibrant yellow blooms that can brighten up garden spaces and landscapes.
    • Easy to Grow: Tagetes erecta Perfection Yellow is known for its ease of cultivation and low maintenance requirements.
    • Pest Control: The plant naturally repels certain garden pests, helping protect surrounding plants.
    • Attracts Pollinators: It attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies, essential for pollination.
    • Long Blooming Season: This marigold has a lengthy flowering period, providing continuous color throughout the growing season.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, it can withstand periods of low water, making it suitable for water-efficient gardens.
    • Versatility: Suitable for borders, flower beds, and as a companion plant in vegetable gardens.
    • Edible Flowers: The petals of Tagetes erecta are edible and can be used as a garnish or in salads.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Chicken Feed Additive: The flower petals of Tagetes erecta can be mixed into chicken feed to enhance the color of egg yolks thanks to their high carotenoid content.
    • Natural Fabric Dye: The vibrant yellow-orange pigment of the flowers is used as a natural dye for fabrics, imparting a range of warm hues.
    • Garden Pest Deterrent: Tagetes erecta is often planted in vegetable gardens where its strong scent can deter certain pests, nematodes, and even some animal grazers.
    • Companion Planting: Known for repelling harmful insects, it is commonly used in companion planting to protect susceptible plants, such as tomatoes.
    • Ceremonial and Cultural Uses: In Mexico and some Central American countries, the flowers are used during the Day of the Dead celebrations to adorn altars and graves.
    • Environmental Soil Cleanup: The plant can play a role in phytoremediation, helping to clean heavy metals from the soil.
    • Biological Control of Weeds: The roots of Tagetes erecta release chemicals that can suppress invasive weeds, thereby acting as a living herbicide.
    • Cosmetic Colorant: The flower extracts can be used as a natural colorant in cosmetics, like lip balms and blushes, to add a yellow hue.
    • Potpourri Ingredient: Dried petals can be added to potpourri mixtures for their color and a subtle fragrance.
    • Ritual Offerings: In some cultures, Tagetes erecta flowers are used as offerings in religious and spiritual rituals due to their significant color and symbolism.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The African Marigold is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The African Marigold is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Lifespan and Vitality: Also known as African Marigold, Tagetes erecta is often associated with strong life force and vibrant energy due to its robust nature and bright, sunny flowers.
    • Beauty and Warmth: African Marigolds with their rich yellow blooms symbolize radiant beauty and the warmth of the sun, conveying positivity and optimism.
    • Protection: In traditional beliefs, the African Marigold is thought to have protective qualities, warding off pests in gardens and negative energies in spiritual practices.
    • Honor and Respect: The plant can represent respect and admiration, often used in cultural ceremonies to pay tribute to deities or honor individuals.
    • Remembrance: African Marigolds are associated with remembering the dead, especially in Mexico where they are used prominently during Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) celebrations.
    • Joyfulness: The bright disposition of marigolds often embodies themes of happiness and joyful occasions, making them popular in celebratory events.

Every 3-5 days
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every year
Spring to Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    African Marigolds should be watered regularly to maintain moist soil, especially during the hot, dry summer months. Typically, watering once or twice a week with about 1-2 gallons of water per plant should suffice, depending on the weather conditions. It's best to water the plant early in the morning at the base to avoid wetting the foliage, which can lead to fungal diseases. During periods of rain, reduce the frequency of watering to prevent over-saturating the soil.

  • sunLight

    African Marigolds thrive in full sunlight and should be placed in a location where they can receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. The ideal spot for these plants would be in an unobstructed south-facing garden spot or a sunny window if grown indoors. They can tolerate some partial shade, but too much shade can hamper flower production and lead to leggy growth.

  • thermometerTemperature

    African Marigolds prefer warm conditions and perform best in temperatures between 60°F and 75°F. They can withstand higher temperatures but may require extra care, such as increased watering, in extreme heat. Marigolds can survive a minimum temperature of around 40°F; however, frost and cold weather can damage or kill the plant. The ideal temperature conditions should avoid extremes, ensuring the marigold blooms prolifically.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning African Marigolds is essential for encouraging bushier growth and more blooms. Pinch or cut off the tops of the plants when they are young to stimulate branching. Deadheading, or removing spent flowers, should be done regularly to promote continuous blooming throughout the season. The best time for major pruning is in the late spring before the onset of the flowering period, but routine deadheading can be practiced as needed throughout the growing season.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    African Marigolds thrive best in a rich, well-draining soil mix with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. A balanced mix of peat, perlite, and compost is often suitable to ensure nutrients and proper aeration.

  • plantRepotting

    African Marigolds typically do not require repotting as they are annual plants. However, if started indoors, transplant them outdoors after the risk of frost has passed.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    African Marigolds prefer moderate humidity levels but are quite adaptable and can tolerate the dry air conditions commonly found in most home environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place African Marigolds in a sunny window; ensure adequate light.

    • Outdoor

      Plant African Marigolds in full sun, protecting from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      2-11 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The life of Tagetes erecta Perfection Yellow, also known as African Marigold, begins with the germination of seeds, which requires a well-draining soil and a warm temperature range, typically occurring in spring. As seedlings emerge, they develop true leaves and a strong root system, eventually growing into mature plants with erect stems that can reach up to three feet in height. The flowering stage occurs in the summer when the plant produces vibrant yellow double flowers that attract pollinators. These flowers eventually produce seeds, completing the annual cycle as the plant dies back with the onset of cooler temperatures in the fall. If seeds are collected or naturally disseminated, they can remain dormant in the soil throughout the winter until conditions are favorable again for germination. Gardeners often help continue the life cycle by planting new seeds each spring or by saving seeds from spent flowers to sow the following season.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring to Summer

    • The most popular method for propagating Tagetes erecta, commonly known as African Marigold, is through seeds. This process typically begins in late winter to early spring. To ensure a head start, seeds can be sown indoors about 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost date. Using a well-draining, general-purpose potting mix, seeds should be lightly covered with soil – a depth of about 1/8 inch (approximately 3 millimeters) is ideal. The containers or flats should be kept moist and in a warm area to encourage germination. Once the seedlings have developed their first true leaves and reached a height of about 2 inches (5 centimeters), they can be transplanted to individual pots or directly into the garden once all danger of frost has passed and soil temperatures have warmed sufficiently.