European fan palm Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Not blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
dwarf fan palm 'Vulcano'


The Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano', commonly known as the Vulcano Dwarf Fan Palm, has a distinctive and attractive appearance. It is characterized by its fan-shaped, stiff leaves that are rich in texture. The leaves emerge from a compact center, creating a dense and bushy look. Each leaf is deeply cut into multiple segments that radiate from the leaf base, conjuring up an image of a fan spread open. The foliage of the Vulcano Dwarf Fan Palm is typically a lush green color, which can add a vibrant touch to any landscape or garden setting. Toward the base of the plant, the leaves become sparser, allowing for a glimpse of the sturdy trunks that support them. The trunks themselves are covered in a fibrous, rough texture that adds to the plant's overall hardy and resilient impression. Small yellow flowers may occasionally emerge, nestled among the leaves, which can attract a variety of pollinators. Following the flowering period, the Vulcano Dwarf Fan Palm may produce clusters of small, inedible fruits. As the name 'Vulcano' suggests, this variety of Dwarf Fan Palm has a robust nature and can evoke the image of a volcanic landscape with its tough leaves and rugged trunks. The silhouette and texture of the Vulcano Dwarf Fan Palm make it a popular choice for gardens, especially those aiming for a Mediterranean or exotic feel. Overall, its striking form and foliage provide a dramatic and tropical flair without requiring the space that larger palm varieties demand.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Dwarf Fan Palm

    • Common names

      Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano'.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The European fan palm is not considered toxic to humans. There are no significant toxic effects reported for humans ingesting or coming into contact with parts of the European fan palm.

    • To pets

      The European fan palm is also not known to be toxic to pets. It is not listed among the plants that are commonly known to pose risks of toxicity to animals such as cats and dogs. Therefore, ingestion of this plant is not expected to cause significant symptoms of poisoning or serious health consequences for pets.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Height

      5 feet (1.5 meters)

    • Spread

      6 feet (1.8 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Drought Tolerance: Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano', commonly known as the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is highly resistant to periods of drought once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping and arid environments.
    • Low Maintenance: This plant requires minimal care, making it ideal for those who do not have much time for gardening.
    • Cold Resistance: It is one of the hardier palm species that can withstand cooler temperatures, making it suitable for a range of climates.
    • Compact Growth: The 'Vulcano' variety has a smaller, more compact growth habit than the typical Mediterranean dwarf palm, making it a good choice for small gardens or container planting.
    • Architectural Interest: With its distinctive fan-shaped leaves and textured trunk, the Mediterranean dwarf palm adds architectural interest to any landscape design.
    • Erosion Control: The plant's root system helps stabilize the soil and can be beneficial in preventing erosion on slopes or in coastal areas.
    • Habitat Support: It provides habitat and food for wildlife, such as birds and insects, contributing to local biodiversity.
    • Longevity: Being a slow-growing plant, it can live for many years with the proper care, offering a lasting presence in a garden or landscape.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Fiber Production: The dwarf fan palm's leaves can be processed to extract fibers that are used in making ropes, baskets, and brushes.
    • Thatch Material: The leaves can also be utilized as a thatching material for roofing in traditional and eco-friendly constructions.
    • Ornamental Use: The dwarf fan palm is widely used as an ornamental plant in gardens and landscaped areas due to its compact size and attractive appearance.
    • Windbreaks: These palms can be planted in rows to act as windbreaks, reducing wind speed and protecting more vulnerable plants.
    • Privacy Screening: Its dense foliage makes it an excellent natural screen for privacy in residential gardens.
    • Dye Production: The fruit of the dwarf fan palm can sometimes be used to produce a natural dye for fabric coloring.
    • Craft Material: Dried leaves can be woven into mats, hats, and various other craft items.
    • Erosion Control: The palm's root system helps stabilize soil, making it useful for planting in areas prone to erosion.
    • Habitat Creation: When planted in groups, these palms can provide habitat and nesting sites for certain bird species.
    • Livestock Feed: In some areas, the leaves may be used as fodder for livestock, particularly in times of feed scarcity.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The European fan palm is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The European fan palm is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: The Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano,' commonly known as the Dwarf Fan Palm, is a hardy plant that can withstand harsh conditions, symbolizing the ability to endure and overcome difficulties.
    • Longevity: The Dwarf Fan Palm is known for its long lifespan, representing lasting endurance and the passage of time.
    • Mediterranean Charm: Originating from the Mediterranean region, this palm represents the allure and aesthetic of Mediterranean cultures and landscapes.
    • Adaptability: Given its versatility in different environments, the Dwarf Fan Palm signifies the ability to adapt and thrive in various conditions.
    • Protection: The palm's dense foliage and robust nature symbolizes shelter and protection, offering a haven of sorts.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Spring-Early Summer
As needed
  • water dropWater

    The Mediterranean Fan Palm should be watered deeply but infrequently to mimic the natural arid environment it originates from. During the growing season in spring and summer, water the palm with about 1 to 2 gallons of water every two weeks, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. During the fall and winter, reduce watering to once a month or whenever the soil appears dry as the plant’s growth slows. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it's important to ensure good drainage and never let the palm sit in waterlogged soil.

  • sunLight

    The Mediterranean Fan Palm thrives in full sun to partial shade conditions. It prefers a spot that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily. If it is placed indoors, it should be near a south-facing window where it can receive ample sunlight. Too little light can result in slower growth and less dense foliage.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Mediterranean Fan Palm can tolerate temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit and as high as 100 degrees Fahrenheit, making it relatively cold-hardy for a palm tree. The ideal temperature range for this palm is between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal growth. It should be protected from extreme cold by providing insulation or bringing it indoors if potted during freezing conditions.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning the Mediterranean Fan Palm is essential to maintain its shape and remove any dead or damaged fronds. Prune in the late spring or early summer, when the plant is actively growing. This is the best time to easily identify which fronds can be removed without harming the plant's aesthetic appeal or health. Prune sparingly, focusing on fronds that are yellow, brown, or broken, and always use clean, sharp tools to make precise cuts.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    The best soil mix for the Mediterranean Fan Palm is one that provides good drainage with a mix of loamy soil, peat, and sand in equal parts, to simulate its native soil conditions. The pH should lean slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.1 to 7.5.

  • plantRepotting

    Mediterranean Fan Palms should be repotted every other year or when the root system outgrows the current pot. Younger plants may require more frequent repotting, but mature specimens can be repotted less often.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    The Mediterranean Fan Palm is adaptable to a wide range of humidity levels but prefers moderate ambient humidity. Indoor environments are generally suitable without the need for extra humidity adjustments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place Mediterranean Fan Palm in bright, indirect light and away from drafts.

    • Outdoor

      Situate Mediterranean Fan Palm in partial shade, shelter from strong winds.

    • Hardiness zone

      8-11 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano', commonly known as the Dwarf Fan Palm or Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, begins its life as a seed which germinates in warm, moist soil conditions. The seedling stage follows, characterized by the emergence of the first roots and a simple shoot. As the plant enters the juvenile phase, it develops several fan-shaped leaves and starts to form a small trunk, although this takes several years due to its slow growth rate. The mature phase is reached when the palm is capable of reproduction, producing inflorescences that develop into yellowish flowers, followed by small, date-like fruits if pollination occurs. Throughout its adult life, the Dwarf Fan Palm continues to grow slowly, producing new leaves from the heart of the crown while older ones die off at the bottom of the crown. This lifecycle can span many decades, with the plant possibly living up to 100 years or more in the right conditions.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-Early Summer

    • The most popular method of propagation for the European Fan Palm or Chamaerops humilis 'Vulcano' is by seeds. To propagate successfully, collect the seeds when the fruit is ripe, typically in late summer or fall. Clean the seeds by removing any flesh since this can lead to fungal issues and then soak them in warm water for several days to soften the hard outer coat, which can improve germination rates. Next, sow the seeds in a well-draining potting mix, placing them at a depth of about 1 inch (or 2.54 centimeters). Keep the soil moist and provide a warm environment with temperatures around 80 degrees Fahrenheit (or about 27 degrees Celsius). Germination can be slow, taking several weeks to months, so patience is required. Once seedlings are large enough to handle, they can be potted up individually and grown on until they’re ready for planting out.