Maiden Grass Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'

👤 Non-toxic to humans
🐾 Non-toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'
eulalia 'Gracillimus'


Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus', commonly known as maiden grass, is an ornamental grass renowned for its slender and arching foliage. The plant showcases a fine-textured appearance with narrow leaves that have a graceful, fountain-like habit. The foliage is typically a vibrant green color, which often takes on golden or bronze hues in the fall, providing year-round interest in the garden. The leaves of maiden grass are edged with a white or silver line, which can make them shimmer in the sunlight, adding to the visual appeal of this plant. When they catch the breeze, these leaves can create a soothing rustling sound, adding an auditory element to its decorative qualities. In late summer to fall, the plant produces feathery plumes that stand above the foliage. These plumes start with a reddish tint and gradually change to a soft silver or white as they mature, giving the appearance of a cloud-like or smoke-like effect that is attractive in the landscape. As the seasons progress, the foliage and plumes of maiden grass also add a touch of warmth to the garden with their changing colors. Overall, maiden grass is prized for its elegant form, fine leaves, and the movement and texture it brings to garden spaces. It is often used as a focal point in garden design or as part of a mixed border, where its whispery plumes and arching leaves can be fully appreciated.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Family


    • Synonyms

      Maiden Grass, Eulalia, Chinese Silver Grass, Japanese Silver Grass, Porcupine Grass

    • Common names

      Eulalia japonica, Miscanthus japonicus, Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus, Saccharum japonicum.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Maiden grass (Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus') is not known to be toxic to humans. There are no well-documented cases of poisoning from ingesting any part of this plant, and it is generally considered safe in terms of its toxicity profile.

    • To pets

      Maiden grass is not recognized as a toxic plant to pets either. It does not contain known toxins that could harm cats, dogs, or other household pets if ingested. However, the consumption of large amounts of plant material could potentially lead to gastrointestinal upset or obstruction, which is a general risk with the ingestion of any non-food plant matter by pets.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4-7 feet (1.2-2.1 meters)

    • Spread

      2-5 feet (0.6-1.5 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Maiden Grass adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its fine-textured foliage and graceful, arching form.
    • Seasonal Interest: It provides visual interest throughout the year, with green leaves in spring and summer, turning to gold or silver in fall and winter.
    • Low Maintenance: Once established, it requires minimal care, making it ideal for gardeners seeking low-maintenance landscaping options.
    • Drought Tolerance: Maiden Grass is tolerant of dry conditions once established, making it suitable for xeriscaping in drought-prone regions.
    • Erosion Control: Its extensive root system helps stabilize soil and prevent erosion on slopes and in other vulnerable areas.
    • Habitat for Wildlife: It offers shelter and nesting materials for birds and can serve as a habitat for beneficial insects.
    • Screening Plant: It can be used to create natural screens or living fences, providing privacy and reducing noise.
    • Tolerance of Poor Soils: Maiden Grass can thrive in a variety of soil conditions, including poor quality soils where other plants might struggle.
    • Winter Interest: The tall, dried stalks of Maiden Grass can add texture and interest to the winter garden, especially when frosted or dusted with snow.
    • Combination Planting: It pairs well with other perennials and grasses, providing contrast in texture and form in mixed plantings.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Maiden Grass can be used for bioenergy production due to its high biomass yield and its ability to grow on marginal lands.
    • Sediment and erosion control because its dense root system helps to stabilize soil on slopes and water edges.
    • Livestock bedding material since the dry foliage is absorbent and can provide a comfortable base for animals.
    • Musical instruments such as flutes or reeds can be fashioned from the hollow stems of the Maiden Grass.
    • Handicrafts like baskets and mats can be woven from the dried stems for decorative or practical uses.
    • Privacy screens or hedges due to its tall and dense growth habit, which can block unwanted views or define property lines.
    • Architectural model making, where the fine texture of the dried grass is used to simulate trees and bushes in miniature landscapes.
    • Thatching material for creating traditional or rustic looking roofs for outdoor structures like gazebos or summer houses.
    • Culinary use as a sweetener or flavoring when the flowers are processed into syrup or added to dishes.
    • Organic mulch as it decomposes, providing nutrients to the soil and suppressing weed growth.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Maiden Grass is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Maiden Grass is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Resilience: Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus', commonly known as Maiden Grass, is admired for its ability to thrive in various soil types and withstand harsh weather conditions, symbolizing the tenacity and resilience to face life’s challenges.
    • Adaptability: As Maiden Grass can adapt to many environments and still flourish, it represents adaptability and the capacity to prosper in diverse situations.
    • Gracefulness: The narrow, arching foliage and feathery flowers of Maiden Grass give it a delicate and graceful appearance, symbolizing elegance and poise.
    • Privacy: With its dense growth habit, Maiden Grass is often used as a natural privacy screen, representing the concept of boundaries and creating personal space.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Not needed
Spring-early summer
  • water dropWater

    Maiden Grass needs consistent moisture, especially in its first growing season, to establish a deep and extensive root system. Once established, it is relatively drought-tolerant and needs less frequent watering. During the growing season, water it deeply once a week, providing about 1 to 1.5 inches of water each time, or roughly 0.62 gallons per square foot of soil. If you're experiencing a dry spell or extreme heat, check the soil moisture and water accordingly. In winter, reduce watering as the plant goes dormant and requires less moisture.

  • sunLight

    Maiden Grass prefers full sun for the best growth and flowering, meaning at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. It can tolerate partial shade, but this may result in a less dense habit and fewer flowers. The ideal spot would be an open area away from large trees or buildings that might cast shade on the grass.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Maiden Grass is quite hardy and can tolerate temperature extremes fairly well. It grows best in temperatures between 70°F and 90°F but can withstand temperatures as low as -20°F to -4°F without significant damage. It's ideal for USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 9, ensuring that the plant can survive the winter temperature in these zones.

  • scissorsPruning

    Maiden Grass should be pruned back annually to encourage fresh growth and maintain a tidy appearance. The best time for pruning is late winter or early spring, just before the new shoots start to emerge. Cut the grass back to about 4-6 inches above the ground. Pruning every year also prevents the center of the plant from becoming bare as it ages.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Maiden Grass prefers a well-draining soil mix with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. A mixture of loam, compost, and sand can provide the necessary structure and nutrients for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Maiden Grass is typically not repotted as it's a perennial grass; instead, it can be divided every few years in the spring to manage its size and promote vigorous growth.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Maiden Grass tolerates a wide range of humidity levels and does not require specific humidity conditions to thrive, making it adaptable to various outdoor environments.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright light, and pot in well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in sun, water regularly, and ensure good soil drainage.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    'Gracillimus' Maiden Grass (Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus') begins its life as a seed, germinating in warm spring temperatures to produce a small, grass-like seedling. As temperatures increase, this perennial plant enters a rapid vegetative growth phase, forming tall, narrow foliage and establishing a robust root system. During late summer to fall, it reaches maturity and develops feathery flower plumes that can range in color from silver to pink, which are not only ornamental but also serve for seed dispersal. As the season progresses into winter, the foliage and flowers dry and the plant enters dormancy, above-ground parts turning a straw-beige color providing winter interest and habitat. In early spring, the plant benefits from being cut back close to the ground to make way for fresh growth from the base. Throughout its life, 'Gracillimus' can spread either by seed or through clumping growth, expanding its presence in the garden.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Spring-early summer

    • The most popular method for propagating Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus', commonly known as Maiden Grass, is through division. This is typically done in the spring as new growth begins. To propagate by division, gardeners should carefully dig up the plant, ensuring to keep a sizeable root ball intact. The clump should then be divided into smaller sections, each with a part of the crown and several shoots. These divisions can then be replanted in the ground at the same depth they were growing previously. It's important to water the new divisions well to help establish them. After planting, maintain consistent moisture until the new Maiden Grass plants are well-established.