Dutch Iris Iris 'Palm Springs' (Reticulata)

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
iris 'Palm Springs'


Iris 'Palm Springs' stands out with its showy and elegant blossoms that prominently feature the colors for which it is celebrated. The plant typically produces beautiful flowers with a notable combination of hues, ranging from purples to blues and often accompanied by contrasting markings like spots or streaks in shades of gold, yellow, or white, which can draw the eye to their intricate designs. The flowers themselves consist of six lobes; three outer 'falls' that may arch gracefully downwards and three inner 'standards' that tend to rise upwards. The unique shape of the Iris 'Palm Springs' flower is easily recognizable by its form and the way its petals are structured and layered, which adds to its ornate appearance. Additionally, the plant's foliage provides a complementary backdrop to the flowers. It generally features slender, sword-like leaves that may have a slightly bluish-green tint, creating a striking contrast against the vibrant blooms. The leaves rise vertically, forming a dense clump that surrounds the base of the flower stalks, giving the plant an overall lush and vibrant look. As a member of the Reticulata group, Iris 'Palm Springs' is particularly appreciated for its early spring blooms, bringing a splash of color to gardens just as winter wanes. The floral display is not only attractive to human admirers but also to various pollinators, as the blooms may also have a light fragrance that beckons bees and other insects to visit.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Dwarf Iris, Reticulata Iris, Netted Iris, Spring Iris

    • Common names

      Iris 'Palm Springs' (Reticulata)

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      The Iris, specifically the Iris 'Palm Springs' (Reticulata), is considered to have a low level of toxicity to humans. However, if any part of the plant is ingested, it can cause mild stomach upset. The rhizomes (underground stems) are the most potentially harmful part and can lead to nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea if consumed in large enough quantities. It is generally recommended to avoid eating any part of an Iris due to the presence of irisin, a substance that can cause gastroenteritis.

    • To pets

      The Iris, including the Iris 'Palm Springs' (Reticulata), is toxic to pets, such as dogs and cats. Ingesting parts of the plant, especially the rhizomes, can lead to symptoms such as salivation, vomiting, drooling, lethargy, and diarrhea. In severe cases, it can cause more serious gastrointestinal issues. Pet owners should contact a veterinarian immediately if their pet consumes any part of an Iris plant.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      4 inches (10 cm)

    • Spread

      3 inches (8 cm)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area

      Middle East


  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Ornamental Value: Iris 'Palm Springs' adds aesthetic appeal to gardens with its striking purple flowers and elegant foliage.
    • Low Maintenance: Once established, it requires minimal care, making it suitable for low-maintenance landscaping.
    • Drought Tolerance: This type of iris is relatively drought-tolerant, reducing the need for frequent watering.
    • Cold Hardy: It can survive in colder climates, making it a robust choice for a variety of garden zones.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers attract bees and other pollinators, supporting local ecosystems.
    • Early Bloomer: As one of the first flowers to bloom in spring, it provides early season color to the garden.
    • Companion Planting: Iris 'Palm Springs' pairs well with other spring bulbs and perennials, contributing to diverse plantings.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • In natural dyeing, Iris can provide a range of colors from yellows to greens, depending on the mordant used.
    • As a motif, the Iris is often used in art and photography subjects for its striking color and form, signifying elegance and grace.
    • The fibers from the leaves can be used for paper-making, creating textured and unique handmade papers.
    • In history, the Iris has been a symbol in heraldry representing faith, wisdom, and chivalry, especially associated with the French monarchy known as the ‘Fleur-de-lis’.
    • The blooms can be crystallized or used as a garnish for desserts, adding an unusual and edible element to culinary presentation.
    • Iris rhizomes are used in perfumery, particularly to create the scent known as ‘orris root’ which is woody and floral.
    • The petals of Iris flowers can also be used to create a natural biodegradable confetti for celebrations, as an environmentally friendly alternative to plastic.
    • As part of a garden design, Irises can be used to stabilize banks or slopes because their root systems help to bind the soil.
    • In floristry, dried Iris pods add a unique, architectural element to dried floral arrangements or decorations.
    • The flower’s nectar can be turned into a natural syrup, adding a floral note to cocktails and sweet dishes.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    The Iris is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    The Iris is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Faith: The iris often symbolizes faith, reflecting trust and belief in something beyond oneself.
    • Hope: The bloom is a symbol of hope, indicating optimism and positive expectations for the future.
    • Wisdom: Throughout history, the iris has been associated with wisdom, perhaps because of its regal appearance suggesting a kingly or queenly quality.
    • Courage: In some cultural contexts, the iris represents courage, inspired by its upright petals reaching towards the sky.
    • Purity: The delicate structure and often light colors of the iris can symbolize purity and innocence.
    • Royalty: With its stately form and rich colors, the iris is frequently seen as a symbol of royalty and regal bearing.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Dwarf Iris should be watered thoroughly once a week, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. During active growth, especially in the spring, you might need to water more frequently if the weather is particularly dry or warm. Generally, providing about one inch of water each week either through rainfall or manual watering is adequate to keep the soil evenly moist, but not soggy. It's crucial to avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. During the dormant season in summer, watering can be reduced significantly after the foliage has died back.

  • sunLight

    Dwarf Iris thrives best in full sun to partial shade. They should be placed in a spot where they will receive at least six hours of sunlight per day. Morning sun with afternoon shade or dappled sunlight throughout the day is ideal, as too much intense afternoon sun might stress the plant in hotter climates.

  • thermometerTemperature

    Dwarf Iris prefer cooler climates and are hardy in a range of temperatures. They can tolerate winter temps as low as 5°F but the ideal growing temperatures during the growing season are between 35°F and 75°F. They require a period of cold dormancy in the winter to bloom successfully in the spring.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning Dwarf Iris involves removing spent flower stems after blooms have faded to maintain a tidy appearance and direct energy to the rhizomes. Clumps should be divided every 3 to 4 years in late summer, removing any dead material and thinning out crowded areas to promote healthy growth and prevent disease. Spent foliage should be removed in the fall to reduce the chance of overwintering pests and diseases.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Dwarf Iris prefers well-draining soil enriched with organic matter; a mix of loam, sand, and compost is ideal, with a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0.

  • plantRepotting

    Reticulated Iris should be repotted every 2-3 years after flowering when the bulbs have multiplied and crowded.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Reticulated Iris is not particularly humidity-sensitive; average room humidity is sufficient, but ensure good air circulation.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Ensure bright light, cool temperatures, and plant in well-draining soil.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in well-drained soil with full sun to partial shade.

    • Hardiness zone

      4-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    The Iris 'Palm Springs', commonly known as the Dwarf Iris, begins its life as a bulb that is planted in the ground in late summer to autumn. It enters a period of dormancy in winter, surviving cold temperatures underground. In early spring, the bulb breaks dormancy, sending up shoots that develop into slender, grass-like leaves and a central stalk that bears the plant's distinctive purple or bluish flowers. After flowering, which occurs between late winter to early spring depending on the climate, the plant enters the post-blooming phase where the leaves continue to photosynthesize, providing energy for the bulb to grow and store nutrients. As the temperatures rise in late spring to early summer, the foliage begins to die back, and the plant enters a period of summer dormancy conserving energy within the bulb. The cycle repeats annually, with the bulb re-emerging the following spring to continue the life cycle.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time


    • The Iris 'Palm Springs' (Reticulata), also known as the Reticulata Iris, is widely propagated by dividing its bulbs, technically referred to as rhizomes. This is usually done in late summer, after the foliage has died back, which is generally in August or September. To propagate, you'll carefully dig up the clumps of rhizomes and gently separate them by hand, making sure that each division has at least one fan of leaves and firm, healthy roots attached. The divided rhizomes are then replanted at a depth of around 4 inches (10 centimeters), spaced about 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 centimeters) apart to provide enough room for each to grow. It's important to choose a location with well-draining soil and full sun to partial shade exposure for the best growth results.