Spring Snowflake Leucojum vernum

☠ Toxic to humans
🐾 Toxic to pets
🌸 Blooming
🍪 Not edible
‍🌱 Easy-care
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake
spring snowflake


The plant commonly known as "spring snowflake" is a charming perennial that adds a delicate touch to the early spring garden. It features slender, strap-shaped, dark green leaves that create an attractive backdrop for its dainty flowers. The blooms are bell-shaped, nodding gently on slender stems, and typically white with a distinctive green or yellow spot at the tip of each petal. The flowers are arranged individually on the stem and exude a subtle, sweet fragrance that can attract early pollinators. The spring snowflake's soft and romantic appearance often makes it a favorite among gardeners looking for early color and graceful, naturalistic displays in their gardens.

Plant Info
Common Problems

About this plant

  • memoNames

    • Synonyms

      Spring Snowflake, Summer Snowflake, Loddon Lily

    • Common names

      Galanthus vernus, Leucojum vernale, Leucojum vernum var. carpathicum, Leucojum vernum var. vagneri, Leucojum vernum var. vernum.

  • skullToxicity

    • To humans

      Spring snowflake (Leucojum vernum) contains alkaloids, including galanthamine, which can be toxic if ingested. Eating any part of the plant can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and in severe cases, it may lead to cardiac arrhythmia, convulsions, or collapse. Contact with the sap may also cause skin irritation in some individuals.

    • To pets

      Spring snowflake (Leucojum vernum) is also toxic to pets, including cats and dogs, due to the same alkaloids present in the plant. If a pet ingests any part of the spring snowflake, they may experience symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, lethargy, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, ingestion can lead to more serious issues such as tremors, seizures, or cardiac abnormalities. Immediate veterinary attention is recommended if a pet consumes this plant.

  • infoCharacteristics

    • Life cycle


    • Foliage type


    • Color of leaves


    • Flower color


    • Height

      1 foot (0.3 meters)

    • Spread

      1 foot (0.3 meters)

    • Plant type


    • Hardiness zones


    • Native area



  • money-bagGeneral Benefits

    • Aesthetic Appeal: Leucojum vernum, commonly known as Spring Snowflake, has attractive drooping bell-shaped white flowers with green spots, enhancing garden aesthetics during late winter and early spring.
    • Ease of Care: It is a relatively low-maintenance plant that is suitable for a wide range of temperate gardens, making it a good choice for novice gardeners.
    • Pollinator Attraction: The flowers provide an early source of nectar for pollinators such as bees when not much else is in bloom.
    • Drought Tolerance: Once established, Spring Snowflake is drought-tolerant, making it suitable for gardens in regions with lower rainfall.
    • Naturalizing: It can naturalize and spread over time to form charming drifts without becoming invasive, which is important for creating self-sustaining plantings.
    • Resistance to Pests and Diseases: Leucojum vernum is generally resistant to pests and diseases, making for a healthier garden without the need for chemical interventions.
    • Deer and Rodent Resistance: The Spring Snowflake is not favored by deer or rodents, protecting it from grazing and ensuring its survival and bloom.
    • Early Bloom: Its early flowering signals the end of winter and can be a morale booster when there is still chill in the air.
    • Adaptability: It can adapt to a range of soil types, though it prefers moist, well-drained soil, which allows for flexibility in garden planning.
    • Seasonal Interest: It provides seasonal interest when most other plants are dormant, helping to create year-round appeal in the garden.

  • medicalMedical Properties

    This plant is not used for medical purposes.

  • windAir-purifying Qualities

    This plant is not specifically known for air purifying qualities.

  • leavesOther Uses

    • Indicator of Seasonal Change: Spring Snowflake (Leucojum vernum) blooms are often used as natural indicators of the arrival of spring, signaling to gardeners when to start planting less hardy plants.
    • Botanical Studies: The plant is studied for its unique flowering mechanism and can serve as a model organism for botanists studying phenological events.
    • Photography Subject: Due to its aesthetic appeal, the delicate flowers of the Spring Snowflake are frequently used as subjects for botanical photography and art.
    • Educational Tool: Spring Snowflake is used in education, particularly in teaching children about plant biology and the lifecycle of perennials.
    • Horticultural Research: It is observed for its growth patterns and adaptability, aiding in horticultural research, especially regarding bulbous plants.
    • Landscape Design: Spring Snowflake is used in landscape design for its ability to provide early spring color and texture in garden beds and woodland settings.
    • Ecosystem Indicator: The presence and health of Spring Snowflake populations can indicate the health of an ecosystem, particularly in European woodland habitats.
    • Cultural Symbols: In some cultures, the Spring Snowflake is a symbol of purity and the renewal that comes with spring, and it may be used in cultural celebrations or art.
    • Floral Arrangements: The cut flowers of Spring Snowflake can be used in floral displays for their distinctive look, lasting well when placed in water.
    • Bee Forage: The early blooming flowers provide an important source of nectar for bees and other pollinators emerging in early spring.

Interesting Facts

  • bedFeng Shui

    Spring Snowflake is not used in Feng Shui practice.

  • aquariusZodiac Sign Compitability

    Spring Snowflake is not used in astrology practice.

  • spiralPlant Symbolism

    • Purity - Leucojum vernum, commonly known as spring snowflake, often symbolizes purity due to its white, bell-shaped flowers that resemble snowdrops and emerge in the early spring, often when snow is still on the ground.
    • Hope - The emergence of the spring snowflake's flowers is often one of the first signs of spring, symbolizing hope and the promise of new beginnings after a long winter.
    • Renewal - As a harbinger of spring, the spring snowflake signifies renewal, representing the earth's awakening and the cycle of life resuming after the cold dormancy of winter.
    • Innocence - The delicate and unblemished appearance of its flowers can represent innocence and simplicity.

Every 1-2 weeks
2500 - 10000 Lux
Every 2-3 years
Early spring
Not needed
  • water dropWater

    Spring Snowflake, also known as Leucojum vernum, should be watered deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. During its growing season in spring, ensure it receives about one inch of water per week; this could be roughly equivalent to 0.6 gallons for a medium-sized plant. Reduce watering after the foliage begins to die back post-flowering, as the plant enters dormancy. During dry periods in the summer and fall, occasional watering may be required to prevent the soil from becoming completely dry.

  • sunLight

    Spring Snowflake thrives in light conditions that mimic dappled sunlight found in woodland environments. Place it in a garden spot where it will receive morning light and partial shade during the intense, hot afternoon sun. This balance of light encourages healthy growth and flowering.

  • thermometerTemperature

    The Spring Snowflake prefers cooler temperature conditions and is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. It can withstand winter temperatures as low as -40°F and is comfortable with summer temperatures reaching up to 75°F. The plant's ideal growing conditions are in environments where the temperature stays within a range of 50°F to 75°F.

  • scissorsPruning

    Pruning is not typically required for Spring Snowflake as it is a bulbous plant that dies back naturally after flowering. However, you can remove spent flower stems to maintain a tidy appearance. The best time to tidy up is once the foliage has yellowed and died back, signaling the end of the plant's active growth period.

  • broomCleaning

    As needed

  • bambooSoil

    Spring Snowflake (Leucojum vernum) requires well-draining soil with abundant organic matter such as leaf mold or compost. A mixture of loam, sand, and peat works well. Maintain soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 for optimal growth.

  • plantRepotting

    Spring Snowflake typically does not need frequent repotting; it can be repotted every 3-4 years or when the clumps become overcrowded. Divide clumps in the autumn.

  • water dropsHumidity & Misting

    Spring Snowflake tolerates a range of humidity conditions but prefers a moderately humid environment. There's no specific humidity level required.

  • pinSuitable locations

    • Indoor

      Place in bright, indirect light with cool temps.

    • Outdoor

      Plant in partial shade, in cool, moist soil.

    • Hardiness zone

      3-9 USDA

  • circleLife cycle

    Spring Snowflake (Leucojum vernum) begins its life as a bulb, which remains dormant underground during the summer months. In autumn, roots begin to develop, and by late winter or early spring, shoots emerge, followed by the distinctive white bell-shaped flowers, each tipped with green spots. After flowering, the plant produces linear leaves, carrying out photosynthesis to store energy back in the bulb for the next year's growth. Once the flowers and leaves die back in late spring, the bulb enters a period of dormancy. During this time, the bulb may also divide, leading to the propagation of new bulbs, which can be separated and planted elsewhere. The plant completes its life cycle yearly, reemerging each spring to flower, repeating this cycle for many years.

  • sproutPropogation

    • Propogation time

      Early spring

    • The most popular method of propagating Spring Snowflake, or Leucojum vernum, is through division of its bulbs. Usually, bulb division is best performed after the foliage has died back, typically in the late summer or early fall. When dividing, carefully lift the large, mature bulbs from the soil using a shovel or garden fork, ensuring minimal damage. You may notice smaller bulblets attached to the main bulb, which can be gently separated and replanted. These bulblets should be planted around 3 inches deep (roughly 7.5 cm) and spaced about 3 to 4 inches (approximately 7.5 to 10 cm) apart in well-drained soil with partial to full sun exposure. Over time, these bulblets will develop into mature flowering bulbs. It’s essential to maintain consistent moisture without waterlogging the area during their initial growth period.